Four Theories of the Press- Authoritarian, Libertarian, Social Responsibility & Communist Soviet

Four Theories of the Press are Authoritarian Theory, Libertarian Theory, Social Responsibility Theory, Communist Soviet Theory.  Also, 4 Theories of journalism and mass communication.

Four Theories of the Press

The four theories of the press are authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, communist soviet Theory. In 1956, three scholars, Schramm, Siebert, and Peterson, published the Four Theories of the Press Book. It is also known as the four theories of the Press by Wilbur Schramm 1956. The Four Theories of the Press Book describes precisely the four theories of the press: Authoritarian Theory, Libertarian Theory, Social Responsibility Theory, Communist Soviet Theory.

Different Types of Journalism
What are the Four Theories of the Press?
The 4 Theories of the Press are:
  1. Authoritarian Theory
  2. Libertarian Theory
  3. Social Responsibility Theory
  4. Communist Soviet Theory

    1. Authoritarian Theory of the Press

The authoritarian theory explains that the government authority directly controls the communication outlets. The government controls the press, information, and communication systems directly and indirectly (Siebert, Peterson, & Schramm, 1956). Sometimes, the government assigns authority to regulate the whole process of the information and communication system in the country. The agency controls the press thoroughly on behalf of the government. For example, the Korean Central News Agency controls the mass media outlets in North Korea.

The press cannot work independently. So, it publishes news and information that the government wants to know the public in the country.  The authority set the code of conduct for the news agencies. Therefore, the news publishing outlets must need to follow the rules and regulations set by the management. The authority also has the right to provide a license and cancel it when they want. Usually, they revoke the license when the media violate the policies imposed by the government. The media practitioners follow the government’s instructions thoroughly to publish the news.

Authoritarian Theory of the Press Example

In the second world war, Hitler controlled the news media in Germany; hence, no press could publish news without the authority’s permission.

authoritarian theory of the press example in Afghanistan in 2021 when Taliban Took over the power

For example, in 2021, the Taliban took over power in Afghanistan, and the management excessively controls all media. Similarly, in Myanmar, the army chief Min Aung Hlaing seized power in 2021.

For example, in North Korea, Myanmar, and Afghanistan

2. Libertarian Theory

Libertarian theory refers to the freedom of the press to disseminate information (Siebert et al., 1956). Therefore, it is also known as the normative theory of mass communication. The mass media outlets are entirely free to publish any ethical news and information. The press works as the watchdog of the community and society in the country.

John Milter was the first introducer of the libertarian press concept. Firstly, In the 1700s, authorities applied the libertarian theory of the press in the USA. After that, and in the 1900s in Europe accepted it. As per the Libertarian press, human beings have the right to know the accurate information published by mass media outlets. The press should disseminate the actual news for society’s people.

Sometimes Wiki leaks platform publishes confidential documents for the public. Therefore, the government of many countries around the world does not allow to practice libertarian press system. It can impact the political parties to form the government.

Libertarian Theory of the Press Examples

Firstly, mass media and communication systems are free from the government to publish news. The government does not control the Press when they disseminate information even though they criticize its activities. Therefore, journalists and media practitioners manage the press directly.

For example, Canada, Switzerland, and New zealand

3. Social Responsibility Theory

Social responsibility theory explains that the press media do not need to take permission from the government to distribute news and information; however, they think about society when publishing news. Therefore, the social responsibility theory of the press has linked the libertarian and authoritarian theories. It lies between those two theories. The media are somewhat free from the government but controlled by the people from the country’s society.

Social Responsibility Theory of the Press Example

In mid 20th century, many countries applied the social responsibility theory incorporating “the Commission of the Freedom of Press” in the United States in 1949. Anyone can express their opinion through mass media. Additionally, mass media play an essential role in raising a voice against discrimination and corruption.

For example, In the USA, UK, and India

4. Communist Soviet Theory

Communist Soviet Theory describes that the ministry of the respective government controls the press media, but they are free to work for the society. The government regulates and guides the mass media outlets for the benefit of the people. They can publish any news without taking permission from the authority, but the government agency controls the entire system at the end of the day.

Communist Soviet Theory Example

The Soviet Union was reconstructed with the new norms based on the Marxist-Leninist beliefs in the 1917th revolution. Communist Soviet Theory is also known as Soviet Media Theory.

This theory is generated from authoritarian theory but contradicted by the libertarian theory. The government agency owns the press media, but they are free to work for society. Finally, the government set official media to deliver the information to society.

For example, In Russia, China, and Cuba

Citation For This Article (APA 7th Edition)
Kobiruzzaman, M. M. (2021, September 11). Four Theories of the Press- Authoritarian, Libertarian, Social Responsibility & Communist Soviet. Newsmoor- Educational Website For Online Learning.
Siebert, F., Peterson, T. B., & Schramm, W. (1956). Four theories of the press: The authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and soviet communist concepts of what the press should be and do (Vol. 10). University of Illinois Press.


Self-introduction Sample For Job Interview Example in (2021-2022)

Self Introduction Sample For Job Interview Example in 2021-2022. Self-introduction for a Job interview. Self-introduction Example for Job Interview. Also, Interview Introduction Example.

Self-Introduction For Interview

Self-Introduction for an interview means describing yourself in the viva and job interview session when the interviewer asks you to introduce yourself. It is an important part of the interview session to attract the board member with an attractive introduction. A proverb says that “Smile is the best way to introduce yourself.” So, the applicants should smile while introducing themselves. Usually, they will ask you, “Tell me about yourself” or “Tell us about yourself.”

Self-Introduction For Job Interview

Self-Introduction for a job interview means introducing yourself precisely to let the job interviewer. The applicant greets and explains their full name, location, educational background, goal, hobby, passion or interest, strengths, experience, etcetera. Apart from that, the interviewee greets interviewers with thanks before starting the introduction speech. It would be best if the applicant took a deep breath before starting a self-introduction speech.

Self-introduction for a job interview differs from self-introduction for the viva, presentation, and essay paragraph. Usually, applicants apply various types of self-introduction formats for introducing themselves in different contexts.

The most common five contexts of self-introduction speech are job interview, presentation, paragraph, social networking, and college and university class.

For example, applicants add their previous job experience in the self-introduction for job interviews. On the other hand, students mention only their previous educational experiences in the viva presentation.

Self Introduction Sample For Job Interview

(The Applicant Should Maintain the Following Verbal & Nonverbal Communication)

Smile: Applicant should smile before starting the conversation but should not laugh.

Greeting: Hello, Good Morning, Good Afternoon,  Good Evening, and Good Day.

Applicant Name: This is, or My name is (name). (Please mention your nickname or alternative name if you have. For example, most Chinese people have Chinese and English names).

Residence: I live in Kuala Lumpur with my family. I grew up in Kuala Lumpur with my nuclear family. You may explain your family background if relevant to your discussion and position. (Applicants should mention their nationality if they are not local people. For example, I am from Sweden, but now I stay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia).

Educational Background: I am studying, or I have completed my graduation or Master’s degree at University Putra Malaysia. The applicant should mention their major while explaining their educational background. For example, I have completed the Bachelor of communication degree majoring in Journalism at UPM.

Goal: I am looking for a full-time content writing job. However, students might mention internship positions if they are looking for internship positions. (Goal should be relevant to your Educational degree and strengths)

Hobby, Passion, or Interest:: I am a freelance writer, and I like to generate creative content when getting leisure. I am interested in working as a content writer at any renowned company/industry like your company.

Strengths: I have many skills to contribute to this position, including academic and creative content writing skills. I have published some feature content in newspapers, and I have some publications in journals.


Experiences are significant tools to attract interviewers to be appointed for the position. So, the applicants must include working experience. Previously, I worked at employer name. The author advises applicants to use the STAR method to explain their previous experiences. S for the situation, T for the task, A for actions, and R for results of your actions. For example, I worked at (…) as chief editor since 2018, and I used to write creative content to promote products on social media. I managed to increase sales by publishing promotional content on Facebook and Instagram.

Finally, the applicants should thank the interviewer for allowing them to introduce themselves. The applicants need to follow social etiquette in job interviews thoroughly.

self-introduction sample for job interview example
Self-Introduction Example For Job Interview
Self Introduction Sample For Job Interview Example

The author has presented the self-introduction sample for job interview examples for our students and job seekers. These self-introduction samples have been generated to introduce people from different countries globally.

Self Introduction Sample For Job Interview-1

Smile and be confident while introducing yourself

Good morning and Thank you for allowing me to participate in the job interview. My name is Kirill Karbout, and I grew up in a nuclear family at Kalamazoo near Kalamazoo River in Michigan, United States. I have completed my bachelor’s degree in computer science, majoring in software design at Western Michigan University. My goal is to work as a full-time software designer at any renowned company. However, my hobby of participating in social welfare campaigns has been evident in my engagement in the Western Michigan University welfare academy.

Through my theoretical and practical experiences, I have learned to design software and application creatively. Always, I look for sophistication in my work. I have achieved distinguished marks for my final year project that I presented to my supervisor. Additionally, I obtained many certificates of appreciation for designing inventive software for commercial sectors.

Previously, I worked at (Company name) as a software engineer, and I used to develop their existing software for selling products. I added some new features to attract customers, and it was fruitful. I gained the best employee awards for outstanding achievement. Now I am looking for a position to show expertise and actualize my experiences. Finally, thank you again, sir, for letting me introduce myself.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-2

Good morning and Thank you, Sir, for allowing me to join this job interview. This is Alexandra Hill, and I am from a nuclear family in Toronto in Canada. I have completed my bachelor of information and master of information at the University of Toronto. Since my childhood, I have been extremely excited to become an information technology consultant. Recently, I have worked with multiple projects relevant to information and communication technology. So, I have both academic and practical knowledge in this discipline. The new technology changed our lifestyle, especially communication systems. Therefore, I have obtained knowledge on a social media-based communication system that controls corporate reputation. If you ask me to describe myself in three words; so, I would be a creative, hard worker, and tech-savvy person.

I believe my communication skills in social media and new technology surely benefit your company in developing a communication system. As per your job details, I know you are looking for a public relations officer who can regulate the communication process effectively. Eventually, thank you again, sir, for letting me introduce myself.

Self-introduction Example for Job Interview-3

Firstly, I would like to thank you, sir, for allowing me to participate in the job interview and describe myself in front of you. I am Julia Barretto, but you can address me by Julia. My father has died in my childhood; I am the only child of my parent.  Therefore, I grew up in Manila, the Philippines, with my single mother. I have completed my secondary edition at Manila High School with distinguished results.

In addition, I have completed a bachelor’s degree in corporate communication at the University of the Philippines Manila. Recently, I have obtained a postgraduate degree at UP Manila.

Since my childhood, I have worked in a group and managed the group successfully. My hobby is communicating with people diplomatically. My strength is I am capable of making quick decisions. I can speak Tagalog, English, and Chinese. If you ask me to describe myself with three words, I would like to utter an effective communicator, ICT manager, and good presenter. Although I do not have long-time working experience, I have worked in All Youth Channels, Inc. (AYC) to complete my industrial training.  Now, I try to join an organization to utilize my potentiality. Finally, thank you, again, sir, for listening to self-introduction words.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-4

Firstly, I would like to thank you, sir, for granting me to join this job interview.  My name is Shakira Natasha, and  I am 22 years old. I grew up with my awesome family members in Selangor in Malaysia. Recently, I have completed my Bachelor of Arts in International Relations at University Malaya. I had managed to secure my position in the dean’s list of students for three consecutive semesters. If I had to describe myself in three words; so, it would be creative, fast-learner, and versatile.

My passion is to involve myself in public relations. Already, I have been engaged in many volunteer programs, including sports programs, communication and multimedia events, and many more. Even though I am in my early twenties, I have few working experiences that helped me explore my passion. In 2018, I worked at an international organization as an internship trainee for three months. I have also worked as a part-time event coordinator and social media admin for few local and international events.

Through my practical experiences, I am prepared mentally and physically to work for any organization as public relations manager. I feel comfortable doing group tasks. Previously, I have completed few group tasks effectively where I was a group leader. Hopefully, I will be able to show my expertise when getting professional duties. Finally, again, sir, thank you for listening self-introduction with patience and giving me your valuable time.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-5

Firstly, I would like to thank you, sir, for permitting me to join the job crucial interview session and describe myself in front of you. My name is Daniel Wu. I grew up with my nuclear family at Pok Fu Lam in Hong Kong. In my family, we are two siblings and our parents.  My father is a businessman, and my mother is a govt service holder. I have completed my secondary education at Caritas Wu Cheng-Chung Secondary School with satisfactory results.

I have completed graduation in Civil and Structural Engineering at the University of Hong Kong, and still, I’m a student of post-graduation in Master of Science in Engineering (Building Services Engineering). From the first year of my graduation, I dream of presenting myself as a Civil engineer. For that reason, I am here now.

My strengths are a positive attitude, quick n self-learner, friendly, and confidence. On the other hand, my weakness is that I feel uncomfortable until finishing the work assigned to me. I am a fresher. I expect I can enhance my skill by foundation training and prove it in the service. Thank you for listening self-introduction with patience and giving me your valuable time.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-6

Hello Sir, good morning. This is M M Kobiruzzaman and I am from Bangladesh. I am 26 years old and live in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. I recently completed the Bachelor of Communication under the faculty of modern language and communication at University Putra Malaysia, also known as UPM. UPM is one of Malaysia’s leading public universities.  I have completed my secondary and higher school certificate in Bangladesh with excellent results. My hobby is reading books and visiting new places. I am a hard worker, creative, and ambitious person. And, I can speak Bengali, English, Hindi, and moderately Malay and Chinese.

I have enough computer literacy skills, such as operating system, Microsoft Office, social media, and SPSS. As for my curriculum activity, I was mass media and communication director of the Bangladesh student association at U.P.M. Previously, I have worked as the editorial assistant of the Pacific Asian Communication Association. I used to check the citation and proofreading the papers. I am looking for a job working as a content writer. That is all from me. Finally, thank you for letting me join this job interview and listening to my self-introduction speech.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-7

Hello Sir, my name is Rupendra, and I am hailed from Chandigarh. I belong to a joint family at Chandigarh, where my parents, grandparents, and siblings live together. I recently completed my bachelor of business administration at Chandigarh University, also known as a leading private university in India. My vision is to become a Business Development Executive. However, My hobby is visiting new places to obtain more knowledge through improving my social and communication skills.

Earlier, I completed my internship at (Company name) as a Business Development Executive, and I used to work to expand business based on existing resources. I managed to increase sales revenue using social media platforms. I applied my academic knowledge of social media campaigns in promoting products. Finally, it yielded an outstanding revenue for the company. Now I am looking for a position to show expertise and actualize my previous experiences. Finally, I would like to thank you again for listening to my self-introduction speech.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-8

Firstly, thank you, Sir, for inviting me to the job interview. I am Fiona hailed from Changping District, Beijing, in China. My father is a lecturer in Biology at Beijing University of Agriculture.

I grew up in Changping with my family, and I am the only daughter of my parents. My mother’s name is a Radiologist specialist who is working at Boren Hospital. I have completed my secondary and higher secondary education in the science discipline. I have recently completed my graduation and post-graduation from Beijing University of Agriculture in the Department of Botany.

My goal is to become a lecturer in biology at your institute (University/ College). I have five years of experience in the teaching profession. Now I am looking for a teaching job. That’s all about myself, sir, and thank you again for listening to my self-introduction speech.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview-9

Firstly, I would like to thank you, sir, for joining this Job interview session. This is Sharmin Akter, and my nickname is Ela. I am hailed from Pabna, known as the north Bengal district in the Rajshahi division. Actually, I have completed my graduation and post-graduation from the institute of disaster management and vulnerability studies at the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh. Before that, I passed SSC in 2014 from (School name) under (Board Name) and Passed HSC in 2016 from (College Name) under the same board. My hobby is reading the book and listening songs.

However, I am interested in working in the emergency and disaster management team. I’m working heart and soul to make my dream true. I have participated in some campaigns relevant to crisis management during natural disasters in Bangladesh. According to the team leader’s opinion, my performance was outstanding, especially in communication. Again thank you, sir, for and thank you again for listening to my self-introduction speech. That’s all from me.

Self-introduction Sample for Job Interview For Medical Doctor-10

Firstly, I would like to thank you, sir, for granting me to join in the job interview and describe myself in front of you. This is Yohani Diloka De Silva, hailing from Colombo, also the largest city of Sri Lanka. I grew up in a wonderful family consist of my parents and only sister. My father is a retired army officer, and my mother is a flight attendant.

I have completed my secondary edition at Visakha Vidyalaya. Since my childhood, I cherish to do something to help people. Therefore, I got admission to the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) at Management & Science University in Malaysia. Finally, I have managed to complete my MBBS with excellent results. I want to a private medical college as a medical assistant. Therefore, I am here sitting in front of you. Thank you again, sir, for listening to my self-introduction speech.

Do’s and Don’ts During Self-Introduction

Do’s in Self-Introduction For Job Interview

Firstly, applicants should smile when introducing themselves but do not laugh. Additionally, they should mention the nickname or alternative name if they have one. Furthermore, applicants may introduce their parents and family members if they are relevant to the job position. For example, the applicant has been interviewed for the teaching profession, and their father was a teacher. In this regard, they might mention his father’s name and his designation. However, the hobby, passion, and strength should be relevant to the position in which they are interviewed.  Moreover, applicants should communicate with both verbal and nonverbal cues. For example, they need to maintain eye contact, facial expression, body language, gesture, and posture. Finally, you have to be honest and authentic when disseminating information.

Don’ts in Self-Introduction For Job Interview

Firstly, applicants should not talk about unnecessary issues, for example, siblings’ relatives, political and religious interests. Additionally, they should avoid using jargon words and exaggerate their strengths and experiences. Additionally, applicants should not mention that ” I want this job or position.” Moreover, they should not talk negatively about their previous job and employer.