Travelogue Examples for Students & Travelogue Sample- Tour To Japan

Travelogue Example for Students & Travelogue Sample- Tour To Japan. Travelogue Example & Samples. How to write a travel article. Travelogue Writing Samples or Examples. How to Write a short Travelogue. Examples of Travelogue Writing. Example, Sample Travelogue for Students.

Travelogue Article

The travelogue article refers to the feature writing about travelling guides with detailed information including photos and suggestions. There are many types of feature article; the most important five types of feature articles are Personality Feature Article, How-To Feature Article, Review Feature Article, Travelogue Feature Article, also Obituary Feature Article.

Travelogue Example for Students

This travelogue example is for students who want to know how to write a travelogue article. The title of this travelogue article is “Tour To Tokyo, Japan: The Place of Peace”. Actually, this article is written by a journalism student at University Putra Malaysia. Students may follow the structure of this article to know how to write a travelogue article. The sample and example travelogue for students has been illustrated below. However, the photos added to this article might capture in proper ways.

Tour To Tokyo, Japan: The Place of Peace

Tokyo is the most beautiful and peaceful capital city in Japan where every tourist wants to enjoy its breathtaking nature, historical buildings, delicious food, and traditional places. A rumour, I had heard that travelling to Tokyo is very expensive. My tour to Japan has discovered an ample travel guide to visit Japan on a cheap budget that will help every tripper who is craving to see the beauty of Tokyo.

I planned to visit Japan from Malaysia, as I am staying here since 2016. In 2018, I got an opportunity to participate in an international conference held by the University Tsukuba in Tokyo, Japan. As my first step, I was trying to book an air ticket at a cheap price because my budget was average. Most of the airline ticket price was expensive that made me a little bit worried. Then I had the idea that Air Asia offers cheap plane tickets with limited baggage. I have no extra baggage, so I can accept this opportunity. Luckily I managed to book a two-way ticket at a low price.

After nine hours journey, when the plane reached Haneda Airport, I had become amused to see the beauty of Japan. Tokyo is both the economic and political centre of the country. It is one of the most populous capital cities in the world, and the total population is around 37.4 million. This beautiful city has become the host of many international programs and events for example three G7 Summits and the Summer Olympics in 1964. The airport decorated by the digital poster and banner declared they are going to be the host of the 2020 Summer Olympics.

Japanese are very kind, humble, helpful, and polite that I perceived during conversation and asking for help from them. I was thinking that how these Japanese people were indulged in the Second World War. Really there is no country in the world immune from stereotypes. I had a very confusing concept pertaining to Japanese people until visiting Tokyo. Confusions have been faded away when I spent five days here.

According to my pre-planned, I decided to stay with my friend instead of a hotel. He lives in the Akabane area; it is around 30 kilometres far from the Haneda International airport. So, I was looking for the station where can get the train to go to Akabane. I asked a Japanese police officer to help me to find the train station which one takes me there. I became amused to see his hospitability; because, he had taken me to the exact location from where I can get the train. He also paid money for my ticker because of not having the Japanese currency. The tickets cost ¥1400 and the journey takes 55 minutes. Finally, he bowed to exchange greetings when saying goodbye to me. It is a tradition in Japan to bow during exchanging greetings with each other.

I caught the last train from Haneda Airport Terminal 3 Train Station and after 55 minutes, I arrived at Akabane station at 11:45 AM. I saw my friend waiting for me outside of the station wearing an anti-cold jacket. It made me amused. I felt very cold whenever I came out of the station; because this area was not under air-condition. Instantly, I got out my jacket from my baggage and put it on to protect myself from bitterly cold weather. I am always afraid of cold weather, but it is true that I enjoyed the cold weather in Japan.

It was three minutes’ walking distance from the station to my friend’s house, so we started to walk, and finally, we reached our destination at 12:30 PM. It is the second time when I became astonished to see that my friend did not lock his house. For my curiosity, I asked him why not lock his house when getting outside. He replied to me that there is a very rarely house robbery incident in Japan; even though, you leave your houses without locking them.

Travelogue Example for Students - M M Kobiruzzaman Tour To Japan

Figure 1: Oshiage Station Near Skytree

The next morning, I woke up very early to get ready and for participating in a conference held by the University of Tsukuba. This is the first time I fall in love with the beauty of Japan to see the amazing weather. It was very cold weather with windy and falling snow. This is my first experience to see falling snow in my life. I had a dream to experience this kind of atmosphere that I had only seen in the cinema. My dreams came true through the Japan tour. It is my habit to capture photos; therefore, I captured some photos inside and outside of the station. Now I know how to purchase a ticket at the ticket machine that the Japanese police officer taught me yesterday night. I purchased my ticket to get to the University of Tsukuba.

Travelogue Example for Students - M M Kobiruzzaman Tour To Japan
Figure 2: The Main Entrance of The  Tsukuba University

I joined the APEC- Tsukuba International Conference XIII, and they offered a buffet lunch for all participants.  There was no doubt that this conference paved the new way for me to be connected with academic life in the future. The university appointed few guides to ease our movements in new places. The guides took us to a restaurant for having lunch. It was my first opportunity to test Japanese food. I thought I will not feel comfortable eating Japanese food when I saw them on the table. My concept turned into reverse when I tested them. These foods were very delicious that everyone enjoyed them.

Most of the food items were preferable to me except eating raw eggs. Japanese restaurant provides raw eggs to eat, and many Japanese and foreigner eat them.  I stopped eating in the meantime of having lunch to think that these foods are halal or not. I asked the guide for confirmation, and he replied these food are perfectly halal as well as this is also a halal restaurant. He also said that all restaurants in Japan are not halal, so Muslims should be more aware of having food in a Japanese restaurant. The obesity rate in Japan is higher than in other countries; therefore, they set different prices for the same food for lunch and dinner. Usually, they set the dinner food price higher to discourage people from having heavy food at night.

Travelogue Example for Students - M M Kobiruzzaman Tour To Japan

Figure 3: Japanese Traditional Restaurant

The gift-giving etiquette is another ritualistic and meaningful custom in Japan. They offer gifts on many occasions; for example, they provided many traditional gifts for all participants at the conference. Nobody can deny the cordial hospitality offered by the University of Tsukuba. Along with me, all participants who come from many countries became glad to them as well as praised. They are treating us very politely. I became confused several times when I was thinking about how they attack Pearl Harbor in 1941 upon the United States. According to my opinion, Tokyo is the most secure and peaceful capital in the world for living without the hassle.

I decided to take a rest for the third day because of having extremely tiredness. Luckily my friend managed to approve his two holidays for giving me more time. We spent the whole day together inside the house gossiping, cooking, and eating. In addition, we planned to roam around Tokyo the next day. I have to go back to Malaysia in two days, so I need to make a proper plan to see all the best places in Tokyo within two days. We divided the Tokyo city into two zones for visiting them in two days.

On the fourth day, I with my friend followed the train to visit SKYTREE also the tallest tower in Japan located at Sumida, Tokyo. It costs only JP¥450 and around 30 minutes from Akabane station to Oshiage Station (SKYTREE) but need to change platform two times. Since 2011, it is the tallest structure in Japan extended its full height of 634.0 meters, and making it the second tallest tower and structure in the world, after the Canton Tower, and the Burj Khalifa. The primary objective to use this tower is for broadcasting purposes, for example, they use it for TV signal and radio waves for national broadcaster NHK, as well as few numbers TV channels.

Every day they allow only 10,000 tourists to visit the sky tree. The ticket option is divided into three types such as combo ticket, Tembo gallery, and Tembo deck. The price of the tickets is around JP¥10,000 for all three decks. Tourists can visit only one or two or all three decks as per their wish. My excitement gets palpable when I was lifting up to the top floor of the Sky Tree. We had visited all three decks. The appearance of the tower changes with changes in the colour of light.

I feel that my tour to Japan has been successful when I saw the whole Tokyo city from the Tembo deck also the top floor of the tower. It was an awesome feeling to view the entire city from the top floor at night. After all, I did not forget to buy some souvenirs from the observation levels of Tokyo Sky Tree, it made my journey more effective.

Travelogue Example for Students - M M Kobiruzzaman Tour To Japan

Figure 4: The Main Entrance of the Tokyo Skytree

Good time flies so fast. It was difficult to realize that I have spent five days here. My returning flight schedule was at night; I made it to utilize the whole day sightseeing. On my fifth and final day in Japan, I visited many historical and traditional places such as the Imperial Palace, the Sensō-Ji Temple, the National Museum of Nature and Science, and Ueno Park and Zoo. In addition, I tested Japanese street food although these are a little bit expensive, some foods cost cheap.

There are many places where you can buy souvenirs, gifts, and food cheaply. I purchased some pens, gift items, and great souvenirs at decent prices from Nakamise Street, Asakusa. It’s an awesome street to visit and walk along on your path to see the traditional temple, and along the walk, you can buy snacks, traditional gifts like kimonos and sandals, jewellery, phone cases, bags, and hats. Japanese people are well organized into a hierarchy. They always respect the senior people in every sector. Traditionally, seniority acted as the prime qualification for holding a higher rank. I have noticed that many juniors leave their seat for senior citizens when I travelled on the train.

In short, Tokyo is not an ordinary place that I forget easily. According to Japanese architect Tadao Ando “Look at London or Paris: they’re both filthy. You don’t get that in Tokyo. The proud residents look after their city.” Travelling to Tokyo was not only a tour it was my experience that I earn in a proper way. I can forget my tour but cannot forget my experiences. So, if you love travelling, you will love Tokyo!

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Communication Elements- 9 Elements of Communication Process

Communication Elements, the 9 Elements of Communication are Context, Sender, Encoder,  Messages, Channel, Decoder, Receiver,  Feedback, and Noise. Additionally, Definition and Examples of the 9 Elements or Components of Communication.

Communication Elements

Communication elements refer to essential tools of communication on which the communication process is conducted. Elements of communication initiate and regulate the full process of sharing information between the sender and receiver. Therefore, elements of communication are very important and interconnected parts of the communication process. The 9 elements of communication (Context, Sender, Encoder,  Message, Channel, Decoder, Receiver,  Feedback, and Noise) are essential tools or components to conduct an effective communication between sender and receiver. Communication elements are also known as the component of communication.

Communication Process

The communication process refers to the way of sharing information verbally or non-verbally between the sender and receiver. Verbal communication means communication through spoken words. Nonverbal communication refers to nonverbal cues such as tone of voice, facial expression, movement, eye contact, body language, and so more. Communication is the process of conveying the message via written text, speech, signals, visuals, or behaviour. It also a process of exchanging opinions and imparting knowledge between speaker and audience through elements of communication.

The 9 Elements or Components of Communication

 The 9 basic elements of the communication process are;

  1. Context
  2. Sender
  3. Encoder
  4. Message
  5. Channel
  6. Decoder
  7. Receiver
  8. Feedback
  9. Noise
Communication Elements, 9 elements of communication process
Figure 1: The 9 Elements of the Communication Process
 Examples of Communication Elements 

Ela was talking to her husband on a smartphone and she requested her husband to deposit $100 for the electricity bill. At the same time, her son was watching a cartoon video on Television with the volume on high. Therefore, her husband could not understand exactly how much needs to pay for the electricity bill. So, she repeated the same words to confirm him. Consequently, her husband asked about the due date of paying the electricity bill, and she replied that today is the last date to pay the electricity bill without penalty. In the meantime, she showed her angry face to her son to reduce TV volume. Instantly, her son reduced the volume.

Based on the example, the context is social context, Ela is the sender and encoder at the same time receiver and decoder. In similar, her husband is also a sender and encoder at the same time receiver and decoder. Turning the thought into the message is the act of encoding. In contrast, transferring the message into thought is the process of decoding. The smartphone is the medium or channel of the communication process. TV volume is the environmental noise that bars the communication process.

1. Context

Context refers to the environment of communication in which the interaction happens or takes place. Communication context is the prime element of every communication process that controls the way of communication among senders and receivers. This context may be physical, historical, psychological, social, chronological, or cultural. For example, you may feel comfortable sharing your personal information with close friends rather than colleagues. You will not speak to an unknown person as you talk to your wife. So, the context of communication sets the environment of the communication process.

For example, Ela is talking to her husband informally, so she feels very comfortable. Therefore, the social context has been designed from this communication process. The context would be physical-context if they communicate face to face.

2.  Sender

A sender is a person who sends the message to the receiver. The sender is also known as the encoder of the message. The sender is the initiator of the communication process who starts the procedure via sending a message or information. A sender makes and uses symbols (words or graphic or visual aids) to convey the message and produce the required response. Therefore, a sender is a speaker or writer or a person who convey the information with the intention of sharing opinion, ideas, and message.

For example, Ela is the sender and encoder who sends messages to communicate with her husband. The sender is the person who sends the message to communicate with others. So, Ela is the sender also an element of the communication process.

3. Encoding

Encoding is the process of transforming abstract opinions and ideas into symbols such as words, pictures, signs, and marks. A symbol might represent or indicate opinions, ideas, and actions. In contrast, decoding is the process of transforming the symbol into opinion or thought. Literally,  encoding is the process of transformation of the subject into symbols. The process of encoding is connected to the sender and receiver. The message of any communication is always abstract and intangible. Transmission of the message requires the use of certain symbols.

For example, Ela has converted his thought into words to convey the message to her husband that is called encoding. Here, converting the thought into words is the process of encoding. Words are serving as the spoken communication symbol. She called her husband and uttered some words to share an opinion as well as send the message.

4. Message

The message refers to the information, ideas, feelings, opinion, thought, attitude, and view that the sender wants to deliver to the receiver.  The message seems like a key element of any communication process. Any communication might happen to convey the message that is also known as the process of sharing ideas, opinions, thoughts, and information. Always, the sender wants to convey the message to communicate with the receiver. So, senders need to ensure that the main objective of the message is clear and understandable. Messages may convey through verbal and nonverbal cues. Verbal cues are the spoken language of the speaker, for instance, spoken words. On the other hand, nonverbal communication examples are facial expression, eye contact, physical appearance, posture, gesture, etc.

For example, Ela was speaking to convey the message that indicates verbal communication.  She also showed her angry face to her son to reduce the volume of TV that is called non-verbal communication.

5.  Channel

Channel is the way or tool of transmitting the message. It is also known as a medium in communication that conveys the message from sender to receiver.  Communicators use different channels to communicate in a distinct context of communication. In the face to face communication, the sender’s senses, for example, hearing, seeing, smelling, touching, and tasting are the channel of transferring the information. On the other hand, organizations use Television, Newspapers, Radio as a channel to disseminate information. People use the computer and mobile phone to communicate with a person who lives far away from each other. Nowadays, many people use online meeting platforms to conduct virtual group meeting. Sometimes, people choose a written medium, such as a letter to convey the message, while other people choose an oral medium when spontaneous feedback is required from the recipient.

For example, Ela has transmitted the message through a smartphone so the smartphone is the channel of the communication process. She uses technology to convey messages therefore it is called mediated communication.

6. Decoding

Decoding is the process of translation of an encoded symbol into the ordinary understandable language in contrast to the encoder. In this process, the receiver converts the symbols into thoughts received from the sender.  Decoding is the opposite process of encoding to get the meaning of the message.

For example, Ela has transformed his thought into words to convey the message to her husband that is called encoding. Whereas, her husband converts those words into thought to understand the message that is the process of decoding.

7. Receiver

A receiver is a person for whom the message is targeted in contrast to the sender. Therefore, the receiver is the audience of the communication process who decodes the message to perceive the meaning. The sender surely sends a message aimed at the receiver. Receivers can be one person or a group of people or a big amount of population. The degree to which the decoder understands the message is dependent upon various factors such as knowledge of the recipient, their responsiveness to the message, and the reliance of the encoder on the decoder.

For example, Ela has sent the message targeted at her husband to whom she wants to communicate. Hence, her husband is the receiver in this context of the communication.

8.  Feedback

Feedback refers to the response of the receiver or audience. It is one of the main elements of the effective communication process as it allows the sender to analyze the efficacy of the message. It also helps the sender in confirming the correct interpretation of the message by the decoder. Feedback may be verbal (through words) or non-verbal (in the form of smiles, sighs, etc.).  It may take written form also in the form of memos, reports, etc.

Feedback differentiates the linear and transitional models of communication. The communication model is linear if there is no feedback in the communication process, for example, Lasswell’s Model of Communication.

On the other hand, the communication model will be identified as an interactive and transitional model of communication if the feedback is presented, for example, the Osgood-Schramm Model of Communication.

For example, Ela’s husband asked about the due date of paying the electricity bill.

9. Noise

Noise refers to the communication barrier or obstacles to effective communication. It is also known as communication noise or noise in communication. Noise is an unwanted element of the communication process that communicators always want to avoid during the interaction.

Noise in communication is any type of barrier that obstacles the effectiveness of the communication process. Actually, communication noises exist in all types of the communication process such as noise in face-to-face communication, noise in group communication, noise in mediated communication, etc. Communication will be more effective and interactive if there is no noise. Actually, noise is an unnecessary element in communication that distracts receivers to receive the message. The  5 types of noise in communication are Physical noise, Physiological noise, Psychological noise, Semantic noise and Cultural noise.

Communication Elements, Noise in Communication-5 types of noise in communication are Physical noise, Physiological noise, Psychological noise, Semantic noise and Cultural noise.
Noise in Communication- 5 Types of Noise in Communication

For example, Ela’s son was watching a cartoon video on Television with the volume on high when she was talking to her husband. The sound of the cartoon video bars Ela to listen to her husband’s speech so it is an example of a communication barrier or communication noise or communication distraction.

In conclusion, these 9 important elements (context, sender, encoder,  message, channel, decoder, receiver, feedback, and noise) are the essential component of the basic communication process. The communication process might get faulty without any of these elements except noise.

Citation for this Article (APA 7th Edition)

Kobiruzzaman, M. M. (2021, February 3). Communication Elements- 9 Elements of Communication Process. Educational Website For Online Learning.

M M Kobiruzzaman on ResearchGate

Lunenburg, F. C. (2010). Communication: The process, barriers, and improving effectiveness. Schooling1(1), 1-10.