List of Social Groups- Types of Social Groups & Examples of Social groups. The 10 Types of Social Groups are Primary group, Social Group, Self-help Group, Educational or Learning Group, Service Group, Service group, work-group Public group, Virtual Group, also Political Group.
Social groups refer to many groups in society that formed by more than 2 people who communicate regularly to achieve individual as well as their respective group goal. The people in the same group share similar characteristics, mutual expectation and common identity. In society, many groups are prevalent since thousands of years ago, for example, learning group, work-group, self-help group and so more.
Group communication has many stages, tensions, conflicts and so more that need to be maintained to achieve the final goal. According to Tuckman’s Theory, the five stages of group discussion are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. Members must need to overcome all these stages to achieve the independent and interdependent goal. Additionally, the four types of barriers in group communication are Ethnocentrism, Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination.
List of Social Groups or Types of Social Group
The 10 Types of Social Groups are:
- Primary Group
- Social Group
- Self-help Group
- Educational or learning Group
- Service Group
- Civic Group
- Public Group
- Virtual Group
- Also, Political Group
Based on the research, the author has revealed a list of the top 10 types of social groups. The list of the top 10 types of social groups with the overall purpose and example given below.
1. Primary Group
Some textbooks use also “long-standing group”, because of long term relationship. Firstly, Satisfy primary needs (needs for inclusion [affiliation, belonging] also affection [love, esteem]. The use of interpersonal communicative behaviours, for example, self-disclosure, empathy, trust also perceived understanding.
For example, Nuclear family, Roommates, and Several friends who meet daily around a table (best friends), co-workers who regularly share Coffee breaks.
2. Social Group
Some textbooks use also “secondary group”, usually formed for the purpose of doing work. Completing a project, solving a problem, also making a decision. The social group shares a common interest or engage in a common activity although an intimate relationship can develop among members
For example, Athletic Teams, and Peer Groups.
3. Self-help Group
Individuals who share a common problem or life situation. To offer support and encouragement to members who want or need help. Anonymous and support groups are available on the Internet providing help for health, personal, or relationship issues.
For example, Doctor Budak and MyEndosis.
4.Educational or Learning Group
Usually, the Educational or Learning Group is primarily discovering and developing new ideas and ways of thinking.
This group is intended to enhance members’ skills, abilities, also cognitive processes. Actually, members hope to gain additional knowledge or improve behaviour.
For example, Professional Workshops, Health and Fitness Classes (Yoga).
5. Service Group
The service group is composed largely of volunteers who donate their time, energy, and effort to help others in need of a particular service or who lack something that would help them lead a functional life. The task of this group is to help someone less fortunate. To support worthy causes that help people outside the group.
For example, PT Foundation and Kiwanis.
6. Civic Group
A civic group is formed to support worthy causes that help people within the group.
For example, Fire and Police Auxiliary Groups.
Work-group is also known as decision-making and problem-solving groups (solving and dealing with specific issues)-Occurs within an organizational context. Members complete specific tasks and routine duties on behalf of an organization whose members take collective responsibility for the task.
For example, Standing committees, Taskforces, and, Management Teams.
8. Public group
A public group is focused to discuss important issues in front of or for the benefit of the public. However, the members of this group are key decision-makers.
For example, Symposiums, Panel discussions, and Forums.
9. Virtual Group
The task-oriented group can collaborate across time, space, and organizational boundaries. Members of the virtual group work interdependently on a task but from different physical locations via communication technology. This group evolves into a virtual community or a group that meets regularly in cyberspace for members to share their experiences, opinions, as well as knowledge on a particular topic or interest. Virtual group communicate via virtual meeting platforms, such as Google Meet, Zoom meeting, Microsoft Team, and so more.
For example, a CEO from another country
10. Political Group
A political group is formed to discuss important issues of the political party and contribute to countries well being.
For example, the Democratic Party, Liberal Party, and many more.