Nonverbal Communication,7 Types of Nonverbal Communication Cues. Definition, Example, and Components of nonverbal communications.
Table of contents
- Definition of Nonverbal communications.
- Types of Nonverbal Communications.
Nonverbal communications indicate message components other than words that generate meaning. Effective group members rely on both verbal and nonverbal communications in both homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. Non-verbal communications are also similar to nonverbal cues that represent meaning during the interaction. Both verbal and nonverbal communication implies essential components of effective communication. As per scholar estimation, there are more than 0.70 million forms of non-verbal communication or nonverbal cues. The author is going to discuss the 7 types of nonverbal communication cues with examples.
Seven Types of Nonverbal Communications
- Personal / Physical Appearance.
- Vocalics –Tone, Volume, Rate, also Pitch.
- Kinesics –Body Gesture, Eye Contact
- Proxemics- Space
- Haptics –Touch
- Chronemics –How much time talk also elapse.
- Artifacts- Dress up
1. Nonverbal communication- Personal Appearance
- A proverb says that “The first impression is the best information”
- People draw conclusions about your education, success, moral character, social position, and also trustworthiness.
- Clothes you wear send messages to other group members. For example, casual attire is more acceptable in informal groups because of the belief in trustworthiness. Additionally, a professional appearance is expected in a business setting and important group presentations.
- However, research shows that good-looking people tend to make more money and get promoted more often than those with average looks.
2. Nonverbal Communication- Vocalics- Paralinguistic
Finally… somebody Facts
You have over 630 muscles in your body.
It takes the interaction of 72 different muscles to produce human speech.
The strongest muscle in your body is your tongue.
Use it effectively
Eye muscles are the busiest muscles in the body.
Scientists estimate they move more than 100,000 times a day.
You have over 30 muscles on your face to help you smile or frown.
17 muscles to smile
43 muscles frown
So… smile every time you see someone – it’s easier!
- Vocalics show the way we use our voices while talking to someone.
- Inflection (upward as in asking a question, downward as in making a statement)
- Tone (monotone, excited)
- Volume and Rate (fast, slow)
- Pitch (deep, nasal)
- Accent (southern, eastern seaboard)
- Number of vocal interrupters (aaaahhhh, well, also uh)
- Quality of voice indicators (clear, scared)
- Subtle cues (irony and sarcasm).
3. Nonverbal communication- Kinesics
- Kinesics represent physical expression, facial expression, body movement, and so on. Facial expressions and other body movements such as gestures, posture, and eye behavior
Smile constitutes the largest part of facial expression
Smiling is a powerful cue that transmits:
Head nods, a form of gestures, communicate positive reinforcement to students and indicate that you are listening.
A lively and animated communication style captures peoples’ attention, makes the material more interesting, facilitates understanding, and provides a bit of entertainment.
If you fail to gesture while speaking, you may be perceived as boring, stiff, and unanimated.
You communicate numerous messages by the way you walk, talk, stand and sit.
Standing erect, but not rigid, and leaning slightly forward communicates to your audience that you are approachable, receptive, and friendly.
Speaking with your back turned or looking at the floor or ceiling should be avoided; it communicates disinterest to your audience
- Facial expressions demonstrate approval or disapproval of the topic being discussed or the person making the presentation.
- For example, point to one’s watch to let the chairperson know that they will soon run out of time; a thumbs-up gesture
- Research: lean forward, maintain eye contact, a gesture often, smile, and also assume a relaxed posture = group leaders and be viewed as attractive by other group members.
- Eyes contact is one of the most important cues for ineffective communication.
|Direct eye contact||Confidence|
|Looking downwards||Listening carefully, guilt/shame|
|Single eyebrow raised||Doubt, skepticism|
|Both eyebrows raised||Admiring, encouragement|
|Bent eyebrows||Sudden focus, intensity|
|Tears||Emotional – joy or pain|
4. Nonverbal Communication-Haptics (Touch)
Any type of communication involving touch. Haptic communication occurred when people or animals interact with the sense of touch.
The most noteworthy instant of haptic nonverbal communication mentioned below:
- Holding hands
5. Nonverbal communication- Proxemics
- The use of space and seating arrangements affects the interaction.
- Dominant group members position more centrally in the group’s space.
- Hence, Task-oriented leaders VS socially-oriented leaders maintain space ratio or territoriality when the exhibit group meeting.
1.Intimate distance ( 0-18 inches (-45.72 cm) = close friends, some family members, also lovers—private zone
2. Personal distance (18 in. – 4 ft (1.22 m), an arm’s length away) = friends and acquaintances
3. Social distance ( 4 – 8 ft (2.44 m) = new acquaintances and strangers
4. Public distance ( >8 ft (2.44 m) = making a presentation to a larger audience.
6. Nonverbal communication- Chronemics:
- How much time talk and elapse when interacting with others.
- How many members talk, how much time they let elapse before responding to other group members contributes to perceptions of leadership and influence.
- Showing up at a meeting on time or being habitually late nonverbally communicates information to other group members.
- For example, the Monochromic people Vs. Polychromic people.
7. Nonverbal communication- Artifacts
- For example, the use of clothes, jewelry, and other accessories.