Photography Composition Techniques- Different Techniques of Photo Composition

Photography Composition Techniques, 3 Different Techniques of Photo Composition are Photographer-Based Composition, Equipment-Based Composition, and also Subject-Based Composition Techniques.

Photo Composition

Photo composition means using all available techniques to pursue storytelling images that conform with the photographer’s fundamental approach. Composition techniques in photography harkened to the 15th century when painters embraced what now is called central perspective. This approach to painting yields an image similar to an adult’s mental perception.

The Importance of Photography Composition Techniques
  • Firstly it is an integral part of the fabric of images.
  • It also helps to convey messages.
  • Significantly affects how closely photographs approach or deviate from real life.
  • Composition puts together two or more elements of a scene so that the resulting photograph becomes more than a sum of its parts; it is also the meshing of the factors to support each other, thereby enhancing the message.

Photography Composition Techniques

The 3 Types of Composition Technique in Photography are:

  1. Photographer-Based Composition Techniques
  2. Equipment-Based Composition Techniques
  3. Subject-Based Composition Techniques
1. Photographer-Based  Composition Technique

Photographer-Based  Composition Technique can be divided into five categories, for example, Approach, Distance, Position, Space, and View Technique.

1.1 Approach Techniques in Composition

The approach Technique is divided into two fundamental approaches, for example, the Overt approach, and Truthful Essence.

Two Fundamental Approaches are:

A. Overt Approach: photographers record the easily viewed physical reality without concern for hidden meaning and hidden meaning.

B. Truthful Essence: It puts excellent responsibility on photographers. The photographer must be knowledgeable and savvy enough to picture the most appropriate truth and in a fairway. Truthful essence will not allow photographers or management to disclaim responsibility or misleading readers based on having presented physical reality.

How To Approach Truthful Essence

In order to avoid interjecting themselves into situations. It is to be knowledgeable of human behaviour and it also make people feel comfortable that they ignore the photographer—this makes the subject accurate.

1.2. Distance Techniques in Composition

Photographers must always select the distance from the main subject that best tells the story. It can be far from, close and in between because looking at the finished product may tell you which distance is best.

Photography Composition Techniques, 3 Techniques of Photo Composition are Photographer-Based Composition, Equipment-Based Composition, and Subject-Based Composition Techniques.

1.3. Position Techniques in Composition

Position can be from any situation that best—low or high

1.4. Space Techniques in Composition

Photographs should use every bit of their photographic space productively to support the message their photographers want to convey. This does not mean that space necessarily is wasted space; it may be highly desirable—a vital and telling ingredient. Photographers must decide what space to be included to support the subject of the photo.

1.5. View Techniques in Composition

View technique refers to the umbrella concept that incorporates all of the elements discussed above.

The two types of view techniques are common and uncommon view.

  • Firstly, Common is a standard view is one or more aspects of a photo on which visually untrained people focus from an uninvolved vantage point.
  • Secondly, Uncommon is an uncommon view is one more aspect of a scene on which a visually trained person focuses in looking for one or more eye-catching, visually intriguing elements.
2. Equipment-Based Composition Technique

Equipment-Based Composition Technique is the essential part of Photography Composition Techniques that allow the photographer to play with instruments. It is divided into six categories, for example, Angle, Focus, Frame Location, Movement, Perspective and Recording technique.

2.1 Angle Technique

Which lenses to use for any specific situation is a decision that photojournalists can alter the reality presented to the readers. Wide-angle give readers a sense of participation and intimate involvement with subjects.

2.2 Focus Technique

Focus refers to the area that the photographer chooses to make track sharp, with all other regions less distinct to one degree or the other. Focus is a significant tool for emphasizing or isolating parts of scenes.

2.3 Frame Location- Rule of Thirds

The location of the ingredients of the image in the frame can help or hurt the message the photographer is trying to convey. Visualize a two-dimensional space as divided top to bottom side to side into thirds. The four points at which lines intersect are the points at which readers likely are comfortable with the main subject. This called a rule of thirds; the main subject can be located at any one o the intersecting lines marked with a circle. However, putting the subject in the middle of frames create static and boring.

Lines, objects, space, animals or people can act as signposts, guiding readers toward main subjects and often are effective composition techniques (S curve can be one such line). Support for the main subject can be from the front or back to create depth.

Photography Composition Techniques, 3 Different Techniques of Photo Composition are Photographer-Based Composition, Equipment-Based Composition, and Subject-Based Composition Techniques.
Rules of Third Technique in Photography

Using juxtaposition—combining two or more main subjects in a scene.

For example, the Rule of Third and S Curve Composition Techniques in Photography.

2.4 Movement Technique

Subjects can be tack sharp from the focus standpoint, but they may appear unsharp if the subject or the camera or both moved. If your concern is to stop movement, you should use a shutter speed that lets light strike. Planning is an instrumental technique that photographers use to imply movement by setting long exposure time. Another way for the photographer is to move the camera at the same speed and in the same direction.

The illusion of movement in still photographs often is a highly effective conveyor of the message.

2.5 Perspective Technique

Journalistic photographs differ from reality most adults see to be published in newspaper or magazine.

To show realistic—only building a picture

Typically, journalistic photographs make clear the proportions of their subjects, whether shown as lifesize or otherwise. Photojournalists must always keep proportion in mind. Failure to do so can deceive readers.

2.6 Recording Material

Photojournalists must remember medium is part of the message. Photojournalists should tell editors, who decide whether to publish in colour/black or white.

2.7 Recording Technique

Still, the photograph can be;

  • Superb at isolating the telling moment of an ongoing situation
  •  Its limitation is great—typically seizes and presents it instead of the whole

Multiframe imaging can be in two ways; 

  • By using a film-advance device (to record rapid-fire); then the editor will select the best picture that represents
  • By grouping two or more pictures of the same situation (that taken for hour, days, month). Another way to record the subject indirectly—when light rays from the subjects reflect off secondary objects, such as a mirror, polished helmet etc.
2.8 Sharpness Technique

Sharpness is subjective in photojournalism; it depends on the interpretive skills of viewers. What appears sharp or unsharp in a photograph can radically affect the message it conveys to readers. The same scene, the same subject, executed with a different sharp ambience, can convey additional messages.

3. Subject-Based Composition Technique

Subject-Based Techniques in Composition are divided into many photography composition techniques, for example, Balance, Expression, Form, Implied movement, Incongruity, Interposition, Introduction, Irony, Lines, Shapes, and Directions, Meaning and Message, Mood, Repetition, Subtlety, also Tension Technique in Composition.

3.1 Balance Technique in Composition

Balance Technique in Composition refers to the equal volume or weight on each side of the centre of the image; the sides may be more or less a mirror photo of each other (symmetry) or unlike but equal (asymmetry).

3.2 Expression Technique in Composition

Use the caption to clarify the inner feeling of subjects. The photojournalist must probe cliché and not; for example, assume that crying means sadness and laughing means happiness.

These are few examples of expression Technique;

  • Joy, happiness, amusement, nervousness also futility—Laughing
  • Sadness, joy, also futility—crying
  • Disapproval or unhappiness—scowling
  • Approval, happiness, amusement, as well as nervousness—smiling.
3.3 Form Technique in Composition

KISS—”Keep it simple stupid”, means that photographers should discard everything that does not support the message they want to convey. It also means the messages should be as simple as possible, even if they are complex in form.

  • Unifies form—all key aspects work together to convey the message; the picture is synergistic.
  • Confused form one or more other vital aspects conflict with one or more other vital aspects or with one or more important secondary aspects.
  • A minimal form shows one key aspect without complicating nuances.
  •  A complex form shows more than one key aspect or one key aspect with complicating nuances.
3.4 Implied Movement in Composition

The photograph records one moment, but by using several techniques, movement been implied.

3.5 Incongruity Technique in Composition

Actually, incongruity is the unusual or sometimes unexpected combination.

3.6 Interposition Technique in Composition

Scenes recorded without significant camera or lens distortion still can yield images that clearly are distorted. Such images are caused by light rays that bend while passing through or being reflected from one or more intervening objects or substances.

3.7 Introduction Technique in Composition

It can be divided into two, for example:

  • Firstly, Framed Images—foreground or other secondary subjects (s) enrich and enclose the main subject. Framing subjects is an effective composition tool by giving the aura of stealth and intimacy.
  • Secondly, Open Images—these show main subjects devoid of enriching and enclosing foregrounds and secondary subject.
3.8 Irony Technique in Composition

Irony refers to unexpected or unusual results with a dash of humour or low-key sarcasm. Irony adds an ingredient to photographs that can pique readers’ interest.

3.9 Lines, Shapes, and Directions in Composition

Lines, shapes and directions exist in physical reality roads to the horizon, the circular sun, extended arms implying upwardness to infer physical reality.

 The use of lines, shapes and directions is an important composition technique for emphasizing one or more main subjects or directions and thus communicating more clearly or more surely catching the reader’s eye.

Five important lines, shapes and directions and what may occur if you use them;

  • Vertical implies action, as well as conflict.
  • Horizontal implies rest, relaxation, also serenity.
  • Diagonal implies pleasantness fulfilment.
  • Leading is actual or implied lines, of any direction guide readers to one or more subjects, the usually main subject.
3.10 Meaning and Message in Composition

To focus more on only one main subject in the photo and anything else to support the photo. Likewise, if situations lend themselves to more complicated treatment, present them that way. Like meaning, massage is important too; single communication with no significant nuance increases the probability that readers will accurately understand what the photographer is trying to convey. More complex messages may communicate more in-depth information and in a more finely tuned way, but the risk of misinterpretation is greater.

3.11 Mood Technique in Composition

The mood is an essential goal of photojournalism to portray the inner feelings of their subject visually. Take great care to portray only the real inner feelings of the subject.

3.12 Repetition Technique in Composition

Repeating similar elements reinforces their importance and encourages readers to ponder their significance. Hence, repetition typically adds orderliness and stability to an often chaotic visual world.

3.13 Subtlety Technique in Composition

Whether with single or multiple subjects, subtlety depends on sophisticated and worldly-wise readers reorganizing and appreciating indirect or downplayed meaning.

3.14 Tension Technique in Composition

It is a clashing of wills physical or psychological that positions recorded images solidly in anxiety. Photographers can translate tension into a physical image with a variety of composition technique. So, the tension must be reorganized as a technique in its own right before it becomes visual reality through one or more other processes.

Online Meeting Platforms- Free Best Virtual Meeting Platforms

 Online Meeting Platforms- Free Best  Virtual Meeting Platforms also Web Meeting Platforms List. The Best Free Online or Virtual Meeting Platforms are Google Meet, Zoom Meeting, Microsoft Team, GoToMeeting, Skype, Cisco Webex Meetings,, Adobe Connect, Uber Conference and Ring Central Meetings. Virtual business meetings platform. Best Online Meeting Platforms for Business Meeting and Online Learning.

Online Meeting

Online meeting refers to the mediated communication among a group of people who stay far away from each other. It is a process of virtual discussion in which the speaker and audiences stay far from each other and they use communication tools or software to interact. The alternative name of the online meeting is virtual meeting, web meeting, conference call, web-based seminar, web conference, e-learning, mediated group discussion, and so more.

For example, a lecturer of University Putra Malaysia is giving class via Zoom meeting and the student participates in class from different countries including China, Singapore, Indonesia, Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen, UAU, Iraq, Iran, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and so more. The lecturer is the host of the meeting and students are the participants who join the class via a mobile, tab, computer or laptop.

Online Meeting Platforms

Online Meeting Platforms refer to social media tools and software that allow multiple people to communicate virtually through video or audio call. People use the online meeting platform to conduct personal, social, political, educational and professional meeting. Actually, these are virtual conference calling tools that allow connecting a group of people at the same time to interact simultaneously. Online meeting platforms are also known as virtual meeting platforms, virtual conference platforms, web meeting sites or web conferencing software. A virtual meeting is the part of mediated communication conducted among a group of people, and online meeting platforms are the media or channels of the communication process. These online meeting platforms, such as Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft Team are also channels of the communication process.

For example, Google Meet, Zoom Meeting, Microsoft Team, GoToMeeting, Skype, Cisco Webex Meetings,, Adobe Connect, Uber Conference and Ring Central Meetings are online or virtual meeting platforms.

The Best Free Online Meeting Platforms

The Top 10 Free Online or Virtual Meeting Platforms are

  1. Google Meet,
  2. Zoom Meeting,
  3. Microsoft Team,
  4. GoToMeeting, Skype,
  5. Cisco Webex Meetings,
  7. Adobe Connect,
  8. Uber Conference,
  9. Ring Central Meetings.

They are also known as the best web meeting platforms.

Online Meeting Platforms, Virtual Meeting Platforms
Figure 1: Best Free Online Meeting Platforms or free online meeting software, free online conference platforms
1. Google Meet

Google Meet is the most popular free virtual meeting platforms that allow up to 100 participants to join video and audio conferencing call. Anyone can use this platform to conduct a virtual meeting with the Google account. The meeting duration is up to 60 minutes, so participants need to join again if the meeting is not completed within 60 minutes. Google Meet uses an anti-hijacking feature therefore it protects participant personal information.  More than 250 participants can join the virtual conference meeting internally and externally, and around 100,000 audiences can enjoy live streaming.

Google Meet launched its operation in 2017 and it is a replacement for Google Hangouts.

The official website link is

Free Google Meet Duration and Participant

The total meeting duration for free users is 60 minutes and 100 participants can join the virtual meeting at the same time via Google Meet. Anyone can join with a Gmail account.

Online meeting platforms-Google Meet Setting
Figure 2: Google Meet Whiteboard, Change Layout, Change Background Setting and so more.
Google Meet Setting

Google Meet online meeting platform offers many features including whiteboard writing, Change Layout, Full-screen, Change background, Caption and so more. The user can write on the whiteboard to inform other participants. The user can share the screen via Google Meet virtual meeting platform.

Google Meet has four layouts that you may apply one by one during an online meeting, for example, Auto, Title, Spotlight, and Sidebar. The user can view a maximum of 49 titles or participants’ name with photo on-screen during the meeting. You need to click the change-layout option to maximize the number of on-screen titles.

2. Zoom Meeting

Zoom meeting is another famous free web conferencing software to conduct the virtual meeting. The user applies this online meeting platform in multiple sectors, for example, education, finance, government, and healthcare. Zoom meeting has become the most popular tool for offering diverse features including virtual meeting, phone, chat, zoom room, webinars and so more. Usually, students prefer to use this platform for easy accessibility and free feature. There is no communication noise in the Zoom meeting; so students hear the lecture clearly.

Zoom meeting platform started its operation in 2011. People can use it from a PC or Smartphone. The application is available at Google play store and Apple app store to download free for mobile users. The user might download the zoom meeting software from the official website link-

Zoom Meeting Setting

Firstly, download the zoom meeting software and click the new meeting icon to organize a web meeting discussion. Participants can join the virtual meeting via Zoom software or Browser, so it is not compulsory to download the software to join. The host needs to click on the new meeting icon to conduct a new meeting.

Secondly, click the blue icon top of the left corner, so you will get the link to the online meeting. Additionally, you will get a setting icon mentioned below in Figure 2. The user clicks the setting icon to copy the meeting link as well as share among participants to join the meeting. Additionally, participants may click the setting icon to get all settings also mentioned below in Figure 2.

Further, Figure 3 represents how to share screen, change the background image, record the meeting and so more.

Online Meeting Platforms, Free Online or Virtual Meeting Platforms Zoom meeting settings
Figure 2: Zoom Online Meeting Copy Link and Setting Icon
Online Meeting Platforms, Free Online or Virtual Meeting Platforms Zoom meeting settings
Figure 3: Zoom Meeting Share Screen, Background & Filters, Recording and so more.
How To Use Zoom Whiteboard?

Click on the share button and click the whiteboard icon to optimize the feature. Follow Figure 4 to get visual instruction.

Free Zoom Meeting Duration and Participant

The total meeting duration for free users is 40 minutes, around 100 participants can join at the same time in the virtual meeting.

3. Microsoft Teams

Microsoft Teams is an exclusive virtual business communication platform established and regulated by Microsoft. Apart from Google Meet and Zoom, It has also become very popular during the COVID-19 pandemic. The team has replaced other Microsoft-regulated online meeting platforms, for example, Skype and Microsoft classroom.

Microsoft launched the Microsoft Teams virtual conference meeting platform in 2017. The official website link is Microsoft-Teams.

Free Microsoft Team Online Meeting

In similar to zoom meeting, the total meeting duration for free users is 45 minutes and 100 participants can join the online meeting at the same time via Microsoft Team.

4. GoToMeeting

Go To Meeting is a familiar online business meeting platform for its clear and noise-free audio and video conference call. It is owned by LogMeIn also known as a software development company. In 2004, it started its journey as a virtual or online meeting and video conferencing tool. Usually, organizational management authorities and employees use GoToMeeting online meeting software via computer or laptop to conduct the organizational real-time meeting.

GoToMeeting provides the service free of charge, so users need not pay for enjoying the services.

Download the App from the official Website link – Download GoToMeeting.

Best Free Online or Virtual Meeting Platforms are Google Meet, Zoom Meeting, Microsoft Team, GoToMeeting, Skype, Cisco Webex Meetings,, Adobe Connect, Uber Conference and Ring Central Meetings.
GoToMeeting Services

GoToMeeting online meeting platform provides the following services:

Conference Calling

Firstly, it provides a conference calls service to interact with many people at the same time. Conference calling event saves both time and money.

Video Conferencing

GoToMeeting also allows conducting a face-to-face HD video conference call. Video conference call assists to conduct effective communication among a group of people. The communicators can see each other through video call.

Mobile Conferencing

Nowadays, The user of GoToMeeting can manage an online meeting event from a mobile device. People utilize a smartphone to complete many complicated tasks that they used to do with desktop or laptop. In order to obtain user’s gratification, GoToMeeting launches mobile-based online meeting services via the internet.

Screen Sharing

Apart from Google Meet, Zoom, and Microsoft Team, the GoToMeeting also has a screen sharing option for all participants.  The user can share desktop, smartphone or tablet screen quickly and securely from anywhere.

Meeting Recording & Transcription

The user can record the real-time meeting event to share with others after the meeting. It also provides HD video, taking notes, marking action items services.

5. Skype

In contrast to the zoom and Google meet, and Microsoft team, the total meeting duration for free users is 24 hours; however, only 50 participants can join the online meeting at the same time via Skype.

6. Cisco Webex Meetings
8. Adobe Connect
9. Uber Conference
10. Ring Central
The Purposes of Online Meetings

The purpose of using the online meeting platform is to complete personal, social, educational, and organizational meeting virtually. People from different professions utilize these online meeting platforms to complete virtual class meeting, virtual business meeting, virtual family meeting, etc. The online meeting platform has become an inevitable media to maintain communication during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The most significant purposes of online meeting are virtual class meeting, virtual business meeting, and virtual family meeting.

1. Virtual Class Meeting

Firstly, educators including lecturers, instructors,  and administrators use online meeting platform for offering classes to the students.  Students adopt online or web meeting platforms to conduct group discussions. Students also use it due to the easy accessibility feature. Sometimes, teachers instruct students to conduct virtual meeting among group members to discuss the topic and submit the online meeting minutes.

2. Virtual Business Meetings

In order to make the workplace safe from COVID-19, Many organization decides to adjust to new work norms, namely work from home (WFH). Therefore, the employees use these virtual business meetings platforms, such as Google Meet, Zoom Meeting, Microsoft Team, GoToMeeting, Skype, Cisco Webex Meetings,, Adobe Connect, Uber Conference and Ring Central Meetings. Corporate people must need to use these web meeting sites to operate organizational activities. Many social organizations utilize virtual or online as well as web meeting platforms to create social awareness among people. For example, in the COVID-19 pandemic, social welfare organizations use these online meeting sites to spread emergency information on how to stay safe from coronavirus.

3. Virtual Family meeting

The individual applies the online meeting platform to organize family programs such as marriage ceremony, birthday celebration, anniversary, and so more.

In nutshell, individual, educator, government and non-government organization enjoy taking advantages of web conferencing software.