List of Social Groups- Types & Examples of Social groups

List of Social Groups- Types of Social Groups & Examples of Social groups. The 10 Types of Social Groups are Primary group, Social Group, Self-help Group, Educational or Learning Group, Service Group, Service group, work-group Public group, Virtual Group, also Political Group.

Social Groups

Social groups refer to many groups in society that formed by more than 2 people who communicate regularly to achieve individual as well as their respective group goal. The people in the same group share similar characteristics, mutual expectation and common identity. In society, many groups are prevalent since thousands of years ago, for example,  learning group, work-group, self-help group and so more.

Group communication has many stages, tensions, conflicts and so more that need to be maintained to achieve the final goal. According to Tuckman’s Theory, the five stages of group discussion are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. Members must need to overcome all these stages to achieve the independent and interdependent goal. Additionally, the four types of barriers in group communication are Ethnocentrism, Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination.

List of Social Groups or Types of Social Group

The 10 Types of Social Groups are:
  1. Primary Group
  2. Social Group
  3. Self-help Group
  4. Educational or learning Group
  5. Service Group
  6. Civic Group
  7. Work-Group
  8. Public Group
  9. Virtual Group
  10. Also, Political Group

Based on the research, the author has revealed a list of the top 10 types of social groups. The list of the top 10 types of social groups with the overall purpose and example given below.

1. Primary Group

Some textbooks use also “long-standing group”, because of long term relationship. Firstly, Satisfy primary needs (needs for inclusion [affiliation, belonging] also affection [love, esteem]. The use of interpersonal communicative behaviours, for example, self-disclosure, empathy, trust also perceived understanding.

For example, Nuclear family, Roommates, and Several friends who meet daily around a table (best friends), co-workers who regularly share Coffee breaks.

2. Social Group

Some textbooks use also “secondary group”, usually formed for the purpose of doing work. Completing a project, solving a problem, also making a decision. The social group shares a common interest or engage in a common activity although an intimate relationship can develop among members

For example, Athletic Teams, and Peer Groups.

3. Self-help Group

Individuals who share a common problem or life situation. To offer support and encouragement to members who want or need help. Anonymous and support groups are available on the Internet providing help for health, personal, or relationship issues.

For example, Doctor Budak and MyEndosis.

4.Educational or Learning Group

Usually, the Educational or Learning Group is primarily discovering and developing new ideas and ways of thinking.
This group is intended to enhance members’ skills, abilities, also cognitive processes.  Actually, members hope to gain additional knowledge or improve behaviour.

For example, Professional Workshops, Health and Fitness Classes (Yoga).

5. Service Group

The service group is composed largely of volunteers who donate their time, energy, and effort to help others in need of a particular service or who lack something that would help them lead a functional life. The task of this group is to help someone less fortunate. To support worthy causes that help people outside the group.

For example, PT Foundation and Kiwanis.

6. Civic Group

A civic group is formed to support worthy causes that help people within the group.

For example, Fire and Police Auxiliary Groups.

7. Work-group

Work-group is also known as decision-making and problem-solving groups (solving and dealing with specific issues)-Occurs within an organizational context. Members complete specific tasks and routine duties on behalf of an organization whose members take collective responsibility for the task.

For example, Standing committees, Taskforces, and, Management Teams.

8. Public group

A public group is focused to discuss important issues in front of or for the benefit of the public. However, the members of this group are key decision-makers.

For example, Symposiums, Panel discussions, and Forums.

9. Virtual Group

The task-oriented group can collaborate across time, space, and organizational boundaries. Members of the virtual group work interdependently on a task but from different physical locations via communication technology. This group evolves into a virtual community or a group that meets regularly in cyberspace for members to share their experiences, opinions, as well as knowledge on a particular topic or interest. Virtual group communicate via virtual meeting platforms, such as Google Meet, Zoom meeting, Microsoft Team, and so more. 

For example, a CEO from another country

10. Political Group

A political group is formed to discuss important issues of the political party and contribute to countries well being.

For example, the Democratic Party, Liberal Party, and many more.

Examples of Social Groups

List of Social Groups- Types of Social Groups & examples of social group

5 Elements or Components of Small Group Communication

Elements of Group Communication: 5 Elements or Components of Small Group Communications. 5 Elements of Small Group Communications: Goals, Members, Interaction, Interdependence, also Working.

Small-Group Communication

Small group communication refers to the intercommunication among a small number of people who interact regularly to achieve an individual and common goal. It is also known as a small group discussion or interaction.  However, group members need to overcome many stages, and conflicts to achieve the individual and group goal. According to Tuckman’s Theory, the five stages of group communication are forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. Additionally, the four types of barriers in group communication are ethnocentrism, stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.

Elements of Group Communication

Group elements are essential components to form an active group as well as achieve a common goal. An effective group must have to have or fulfil all elements to achieve a common understanding of an interdependent goal. There are many elements or components in group communications but the author is going to discuss 5 basic elements of small group communication for example Common goals, members, interaction, interdependence, and working.

5 Elements of Small Group Communication
  1. Goals
  2. Members
  3. Interaction
  4. Interdependence
  5. Working
1. Goal

The goal is the essential element of group communication because every group or team is intended to achieve a goal. A goal is a purpose or objective toward which the group work is directed therefore all members of the group are aware of achieving that goal. Actually, every group has its specific common goal or interdependent goal as well as the independent goal of the group members. The common goal has been selected by the opinions of group members.

2. Members

Members are another essential element or component of the group. At least three (3) members can form a small group, and 18 is the maximum number. As groups grow larger, individual satisfaction with and commitment to the group often decrease. A Group can not be formed without members so every group must consist of some members. Members are the most important to form groups hence they have to follow some ethical principles in group communication.

Ethical Principles of Group Members

1. Group members should be willing to speak
2. Group members should embrace and work with diversity within the group
3. Group members should always treat one another with respect
4. Group members should be thorough in gathering information as well as diligent in evaluating it.
5. Group members must contribute their fair share to the group’s effort.
6. Group members must conduct themselves with honesty and integrity.

A social loafer refers to a person who makes a minimal contribution to the group and assumes the other members will take up the slack. The willingness by every group member to be a participant. The group member should be collaborative, cohesive behaviour, but not social lofting. Learning effective communication in groups is about not only what you can do in groups, but what you should do.

3. Interaction

Interaction denotes communication among group members through verbal or nonverbal messages. Additionally, it will happen among group members intentionally or unintentionally through verbal or nonverbal cues.

4. Interdependence

Group is affected and influenced by the action of other members. Therefore, interdependence is an essential component of group communication to motivate team or group members.

5. Working

Work is the physical or mental effort you use when trying to accomplish something. It is also one of the important elements of group communication in which the group goes ahead.

Elements of Group Communication