Tag: Exercise

Fill in the blanks with the correct tenses of the verbs given

EXERCISE 3: Fill in the blanks with the correct tenses of the verbs given.

(Special Note: We are not 100% sure about the answers)

The hectic pace of life today causes most people to disregard the importance of exercising. One of the options for people to exercise is cycling. Bicycles (1) date back to as early as the 18th century, yet they do not seem to take centre stage in everyday lives. Interestingly, people (2) have learned to ride the bicycle when they (3) were young, but the moment they (4) obtained their driving license, they abandon these two-wheelers for cars. Perhaps, this is because people (5) are not aware of the health benefits of cycling. Health experts say that cycling (6) offers many health advantages. For instance, it may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and fight obesity. One of the advantages of cycling (7) is that it helps one to have a healthy heart. Cycling also (8) reduces the incidences of cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, high blood pressure, and heart attack. This is because regular cycling (9) improves blood circulation and (10) keeps blood pressure in check.

Furthermore, cycling is one way to fight obesity. It (11) helps people to control body weight by boosting their metabolic rate and building muscles. However, this only (12) works if cyclists (13) practice healthy eating habits since childhood. These health advantages, however, (14) did not seem to encourage people to cycle. Many people (15) have not taken up cycling as a routine activity. It is a shame though if an easy and low impact activity such as cycling is not promoted for the purpose of healthy living.

 

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Rewriting Sentence Fragments

PRACTICE 2: Rewriting Sentence Fragments

(A) Label each sentence Frag. (sentence fragment) or Comp. (complete sentence). Then on a separate sheet of paper, rewrite each fragment to make a complete sentence.

Frag  1. The desire of all humankind to live in peace and freedom, for example.

Rewrite: The desire of all humankind to live in peace and freedom; for example, many humanitarian organizations work for stopping the war in the world.

Frag  2. Second, a fact that men are physically stronger than women.

Rewrite: Second, a fact that man is physically stronger than women; therefore, men intend to dominate women.

Comp 3. The best movie I saw last year.

Comp 4. Titanic was the most financially successful movie ever made, worldwide.

Frag 5. For example, many students have part-time jobs.

Rewrite: Students cannot join every class in the university; for example, many students have part-time jobs.

Frag 6. Although people want to believe that all men are created equal.

Rewrite:  Although people want to believe that all men are created equal, people are not the same in

Comp 7. Finding a suitable marriage partner is a challenging task.

Frag 8. Many of my friends who did not have the opportunity to go to college.

Rewrite:  Many of my friends who did not have the opportunity to go to college; I will invite them to join Open University to study again.

Frag 9.  A tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, killing more than 200,000 people.

Rewrite:  A tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, killing more than 200,000 people considered the most devastating tsunami in Asia.

Comp 15. Despite a lag of up to several hours between the earthquake and the tsunami, nearly all of the victims were taken completely by surprise.

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Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of the verb given in the brackets

EXERCISE 1: Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of the verb given in the brackets.

It is customary for Malaysians to work at least eight hours per day if they (1) work in an office. However, this is considered as long working hours in Europe. Working long hours (2) is common for most Asian countries, such as Singapore, Hong Kong, and South Korea – all countries with developing economies. Malaysia (3) has been ranked as one of the top countries with workaholic employees as they also work on holidays. (4) Does this reputation harm or benefit Malaysia? Japan and South Korea (5) have taken the initiative to reduce the number of working hours as they fear longer working hours may cause health problems and (6) reduce the quality of life for the workers. Nevertheless, if Malaysia reduces its working hours, productivity will suffer. The Malaysian economy largely (7) depends on a productive workforce. If working hours are decreased, workers may not be able to make up for lost hours or meet employer demands. It is also feared that employers will put more expectation on workers to complete their tasks in a fairly short deadline. Moreover, if employees (8) take long leave, it may reflect negatively on their careers. As one travel survey found, Malaysian employees take the least amount of leave for travel. The survey mentioned that this trend (9) is worrisome as taking annual leave for travelling is important for workers’ well-being. Malaysian employees are reluctant to take long work holidays because they have the option of carrying forward the unused leave to the next year calendar. Therefore, instead of reducing working hours for Malaysian workers, a more viable solution for their productivity and the economy of the country (10) is to allocate more hours for the lunch break, currently practiced by workers in Spain. The workers in Spain take a ‘siesta’, or a long break in the afternoon for resting and doing leisure activities after lunch, and they resume working at about 4 pm. Thus, reducing working hours may be counterproductive for the Malaysian economy in the long run.

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