Sample of Questionnaires: Survey Research Question of Likert Scale Questionnaire

Sample of Questionnaires: Survey Question and Likert Scale Questionnaire.

The sample of questionnaires has been collected from University Putra Malaysia. New researchers will get a concept on how to create a survey questionnaire. This sample of questionnaires represents an example of questionnaires.

Sample of Questionnaires

Dear respondent,

We are KOM3431 Communication Research Students from the Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages, and Communication. We are currently doing our individual assignment on data analysis. We wish to collect some information about your awareness of obesity.

You are invited to participate in this survey in which your insight and information are valuable for us to strategize the health communication campaign to be more effective. We greatly appreciate your help in providing us your honest answers to the questions below. I reassure you that the information gathered in this survey will only be used for event purposes and will be kept confidential.

Thank you.

SECTION A: DEMOGRAPHIC

1 Ethnic : □ Malay □ Indian
2 Gender : □ Chinese □ Other: ______________
□ Male □ Female
3 Age : Below 15 31–35
15–19 36–40
20–25 41–45
26–30 Above 45

 

  1. Which written language(s) do you understand? (Choose whichever relevant)
Malay English
Chinese Tamil

 

  1. Which spoken language do you prefer? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
Malay English
Mandarin Tamil
Cantonese Hakka
Hokkien Other: ___________

SECTION B: MEDIA CONSUMPTION

  1. What are the main sources you use the most to obtain health information? (Choose minimum one (1) answer and maximum three (3) answers)
Newspaper Internet
Magazine Facebook
Television Instagram
Radio Twitter
WeChat Other: ______________

 

  1. If you have selected a newspaper as one of the sources for obtaining information pertaining to health, which newspaper vehicle do you read the most? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
Sin Chew Daily Guang Hwa Daily
China Press Oriental Daily
Nanyang Siang Pau The Star
Utusan Malaysia Berita Harian
Kosma! News StraitTime
Guang Ming Daily Other: ______________

SECTION C: MEDIA PREFERENCE

  1. Do you watch local television (TV) station(s)?
  • Yes (Proceed to Q2)
  • No (Proceed to Q4)
  1. How many hours of TV do you watch in a day? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
  • Less than 1 hour per day
  • 4-6 hours per day
  • 1-3 hours per day
  • More than 6 hours per day
  1. Which TV channel you watch the most? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
Astro NTV 7
RTM 1 8TV
RTM 2 TV 9
TV 3 Other: ______________

 

  1. Do you listen to the local radio?
  • Yes (Proceed to Q5)
  • No (Proceed to Q7)

 

  1. How many hours of local radio station do you listen in a day? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
  • Less than 1 hour per day
  • 1-3 hours per day
  • 4-6 hours per day
  • More than 6 hours per day
  1. Which local radio station you listen to the most? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
One FM Hitz.FM
988 FM Fly FM
Melody FM Lite FM
MY FM Mix FM
Ai FM Era FM
Red FM Hot FM
Sinar FM Other: ______________

 

  1. Which social media do you use the most? (Choose one (1) ONLY)
Facebook Twitter
Instagram WeChat
WhatsApp Other: ______________

SECTION DAwareness about Obesity

Tick (✓) the spaces provided to indicate your level of agreement with the statements below.

I. Problem Recognition

No Statements Strongly

Disagree/

1

2 3 4 Strongly

Agree/

5

1 Obesity is becoming an increasingly large problem in my community.
2 There is an urgent need to solve the obesity problem in my community.
3 There is much room for local authorities and the government to improve the policies in controlling obesity in Malaysia.
4 I believe the prevention of obesity is very important.

II. Constraint Recognition

No Statements Strongly

Disagree/

1

2 3 4 Strongly

Agree/

5

1 I am not able to do anything to solve the obesity problem in my community.
2 My efforts to combat the obesity problem in my community is pointless.
3 I do not see any points in trying to encourage my community members to control their weights.
4 I think I could not affect my community members to control their weight and to prevent obesity.

III. Involvement Recognition

No Statements Strongly

Disagree/

1

2 3 4 Strongly

Agree/

5

1 I am concerned that overweight is affecting my life.
2 I believe obesity could affect my health.
3 I have a strong opinion about obesity.
4 I feel that obesity affects me personally.

– – End of Survey Questionnaire – –

Thank you for answering.

How to Write a Research Proposal: Research Proposal Example

How to Write a Research Proposal

The research proposal is a key part of any postgraduate application therefore every student needs to know how to write a research proposal properly. A perfect research proposal must have eight sections including title, introduction, problem statement, research objective, the significance of the study, literature review, research methodology, and reference with the latest edition.

1. Title

The title is the main part of any research proposal, so the author should make sure that it includes the keywords and relate to the field of study. It should not be too long and too short. A good research title always indicates the approach of the author what is he or she intended to do. Finally, the title should indicate the research objectives and questions.

2. Introduction

The Introduction for a dissertation usually presents the significance of the topic understudied (in this case the role of Facebook for business marketing and customer relationship building). A good Introduction is that in which it can walk the readers through the situation.

The Introduction can be started with the premise, meaning that introducing the background of information that is simply a reminder of what readers already know and therefore establishes a common ground of understanding between the writer and the readers.

3. Problem Statement

Apart from describing the basic information which people already know about, the next part that the researcher can include in this chapter is delineating the problem that exists in the field.

A researcher starts a research project because he or she deems that there is a problem or there are problems that need to be addressed by conducting research using an appropriate research method.

A problem statement, by its definition, is a concise description of an issue currently existing which needs to be addressed. In Problem Statement, a researcher will address the gap of knowledge based on an extensive literature search.

The researcher will identify if the topic has not been covered by previous research. Moreover, Problem Statement should include a discussion of how the researcher came to identify this (a phenomenon, an issue, or a subject topic) as significant and the context in which this problem emerged (for example, from past studies).

4. Research Objective

Research objectives should always fulfill SMART model principles, meaning Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Timed.

It always starts with verb-to-be such as “To examine…, To explore…,”, etc.

Importantly, each RO must indicate what the researcher wants to find out about IV(s) and DV.

For example: To determine the level of digital skill competencies including specific technological competency, cognitive competency, and personal competency. = Measuring IVs.

For example: To determine whether religiosity affects the public’s recognition of smoking as a problem and their level of perceived personal involvement in the smoking issue. = Measuring IV and DVs.

Convert RO to question form then it becomes Research Question

5. Significance of the Study

This section explains how the proposed study is significant to Theory, Method, and Practical.

6. Literature Review

We believe you have learned Literature Review in the previous class

  • So, this section should cover the conceptualization, operationalization, and theoretical framework of a study.
  • You should review past studies’ findings, methods, and discussions.
  • While you are explaining the theory, make sure you delineate the variables underlying the theory.
  • For example: if you are examining User and Gratification Theory (U&G) (Katz, 1974), make sure you first describe its history: who founded the theory. You should also describe what is the theoretical hypotheses. What are the variables are in the theory? Any model (diagram) to present?
7. Research Methodology

This section should cover the following:

  1. Firstly, the Sampling method (probability or non-probability), sample selection technique (using a formula?), what is the sample size?
  2. Additionally, the research instrument (adopt and adapt), refer to previous research and modify the items to the need of the study
  3. Measurement (are you using a 5-point scale, 7-point, or 10-point?)
  4. Data analysis (how are you going to analyze the data? Descriptively? Inferentially? Using SPSS?)
8. References

Follow APA (7th) edition

Types of Feature Writing: Personality, How-To, Review, Travelogue, & Obituary Feature.

Types of Feature Writing: Personality Feature, How-To Feature, ReviewFeature, Travelogue Feature, & Obituary Feature.Additionally. Discuss five types of feature writing. Feature writing is in-depth writing on humanity. It was written that way to attract readers. In line with that, discuss five types of feature writing.

Feature Writing

Feature writing is a greater and longer piece of non-fiction writing that deals with real events, issues, trends. According to BBC, feature writing is soft news and human-interest story. The most important objectives of the feature writing is to add color, to humanize, to entertain, and to educate people. Feature writing must have to have three important parts such as lead, body, and end.

Types of Feature Writing

The five types of feature writing are as follows;

  1. Personality Feature
  2. The How-To Feature
  3. The Review Feature
  4. The “Travelogue” Feature
  5. The Obituary Feature
  1. Personality Feature

A personality feature is also known as a profile writing that demonstrates a person’s appearance characteristics, lifestyle, emotions, hobbies, and the positive aspect of the person vividly. People are always curious to know about others, therefore, it is one of the types of human interest features. So, it is very important to take the person’s consent and assistance to write a profile feature. The most important objective of the personality feature writing is to show how a person gains recognition and describes elaborately about a person, place, idea, and organization.

The personality feature writing emphasizes on those people who have a good position in society, who is criminal, who reach the milestone, who gained experiences, and who want to justify the attention. There is some basic information that must need to represent in personality feature writing such as physical characteristics, personality, intelligence and ability, background status, dreams, and surroundings.

Example of the personality feature

  • “Everyone’s voice counts” Beyonce in her own words
  • The amazing life of PAUL Mc CARTNEY
  1. The How-To Feature

The how-to feature refers to the article that shares someone’s experiences to help other people to know (wikiHow, 2020). It is also a great way to assist people to solve their problems to complete new tasks and reach new goals. In addition, it is very important to follow some instructions to write a complete how-to feature article, for example, using the transitional verb to maintain sequence,   gathering some questions about the topics, elaboration of steps, mentioning what is going to happen next, and sharing the consequences.

Example of the how-to feature

  • How to stop hacking your Facebook ID
  • Five things need to know for gardening at home
  1. The Review Feature

The review feature is an article that critically assesses and summarizes topics such as books, movies, articles, fashion, arts, restaurant policies, performances, and so on. It is also called as the overview or survey article. The most important objective of writing a review article is to give analysis honestly and providing suggestions to the audiences.

Example of review features

  1. The “Travelogue” Feature

The travelogue feature refers to the article writing about traveling guides with photos and suggestions. It deals with exploring the beauty of nature, and the explanation of traveling guidelines for the journey. People travel for various perspectives such as personal business, job purpose, multicultural immigration, curiosity, and adventure. According to Rob McFarland (2007), Photos are very inevitable elements in travelogue features to make them interesting and vivid for audiences. So, you need to follow some instructions when adding photos inside articles including people’s images, use the rule of thirds, put something in the foreground, fill the frame, and use a frame.

Example of the travelogue feature

  • What to see MILAN in ONE DAY
  • You must see AGRA RED FORT INDIA
  1. The Obituary Feature

An obituary feature is an article writing that notifies people about the death of someone and details information about the funeral. It also provides background information including date of birth, location of birth, education, job, legacy, and a meaningful summary of a person’s life.

Example of the obituary feature

  • Irrfan Khan dies aged 53
  • Diana 1961-1997

Conclusion

Feature writing is the explanation and dissemination of factual information regarding people, place, process, history, and so on. It is a great platform to educate people about the unknown phenomenon. People are getting beneficial both personal and corporate perspectives with feature articles. Therefore, It has strong impacts on society for imparting knowledge and entertainment.