Types of Leads Writing in Journalism With Examples

 Types of Leads in Journalism With Examples. Types of Leads in News Story Writing.

Different Types of Journalism
Lead Writing- News Lead Writing
What is News Lead?

News lead is the first and second paragraphs of a news article. Usually, a good lead attracts readers to read the feature’s body by highlighting the news’s central issue. An attractive news lead always increases the news value.

How to become a Good News Lead Writer?

A good news writer always follows the 5W and 1H of the report writing strategy in journalism to cover all issues related to the news headlines.

Good News Lead Examples

A Good Lead must follow the 5W and 1H rules of news writing.

FORMULA WHO does WHAT,  WHEN, WHERE, WHY, and HOW
Who = subject, people name, organization name
What = name of activity and event
When = day, yesterday, tomorrow
Where = location name
Why = background of the event, purpose, cause
How = process, detail of the event, audiences
What is the Long of a Sentence for Lead Writing?

According to Mansor (2010), The length of a sentence should not exceed 25 words. On the other hand, according to Mencher (2010), The size of a sentence should not exceed 35 words.

Types of Leads in Journalism

The two types of leads in Journalism are:

  1. Traditional Lead (5W1H)
  2. Alternative Leads (10 Types of Lead in Journalism)
Types of Leads Wrtiting
Two Types of Leads Writing in Journalism
Traditional Lead

The traditional Lead is Also known as the primary lead. It is constructed from 6 elements: who, what, when, where, why, and how. But, usually, the journalist will start with Who and What.  However, you can begin and end with any of the six elements.

Who-Lead News Writing Example
Headline Myanmar ties the Young Tigers
Lead 1 The country’s under-22 squad (B-22) showed a lacklustre performance in the opening match of Group A of the 2019 SEA Games when they only won a 1-1 draw against Myanmar just now.
Lead 2 The Young Tigers looked shaky early in the first half as they struggled to adapt on the surface of a synthetic pitch at the Rizal Memorial Stadium, Philippines.
What Lead News Writing Example
Headline Additional subjects follow the inclinations of the students
Lead 1 KUALA LUMPUR-The Secondary School Standard Curriculum (KSSM) (Upper Secondary), which will come into effect next January, aims to improve the flow of Science and Literature in the existing education system.
Lead 2 Deputy Director-General of Education (Policy and Curriculum Sector), Dr Habibah Abdul Rahman, said Form Four students could choose four packages containing a combination of core and elective subjects in the new school term.
Alternative Leads in Journalism

Alternative Leads include Staccato Lead, Question Lead, Narrative Lead, Contras Lead, Citation Lead, Straight lead, Scene lead, Anecdote lead, Significant detail lead, and Direct address lead in journalism.

1. Staccato Lead
  • It is a dot sign in the music
  • It’s mean- separately read
  • It’s like a dot, meaning the end of the sentence
 Example of Staccato
Lead 1 Kuala Lumpur: There is no Raya shirt or any celebration, and this year’s festival doesn’t seem to mean anything to them. For the past two months, this hospital has been their second home.
Lead 2 “Every day, we just shed tears thinking of Raef who risked his life because his health condition is often uncertain,” said Noraini Jaafar, 37, mother of four-year-old Raef Uqael Mohd Rosli.
2. Question Lead

Write in a question sentence (like the question to the audience). However, the audience did not necessarily prepare the answer.

Lead 1 Kuala Lumpur: Are you willing to wait as early as 8 am to buy various items at a discount of more than 70 per cent in preparation for Aid ul Fitr, even though Sogo shopping malls in the capital are only open at 10 am?
Lead 2 Should we bring the family shopping in the capital in the morning?
3. Narrative or Descriptive Lead

The situation/picture of the event

Example of Narrative or Descriptive Lead in News Writing
Lead 1 Seremban: The suspicious actions of two women in black hijab rushing out of a supermarket were answered when they were suspected of stealing various dishes at a supermarket in Seremban 2 yesterday.
Lead 2 Security guards sniffed the act of the two suspects in their 30s stealing the set of dishes before arresting them.
4. Contrast Lead

Opposite with the actor and event

Example of Contrast Lead in News Writing

Lead 1 KUALA LUMPUR, July 26-The illegal gambling activities that have seemed ‘silent’ in recent months in public business premises are still happening in exclusive places, including luxury bungalows, condominiums, and private clubs.
Lead 2 President of the Malaysian Consumer Protection Association, Datuk Mohd. Firdaus Abdullah said the activity was difficult to detect by the authorities because it used a secure location and only involved invitations.
5. Citation Lead

Statement from the sources (talk/seminar/press conference). I am starting with the “symbol. For example, the lead begins with a quotation mark.

Lead 1 Kuala Terengganu: “He told me to take care of myself and educate my children well before he ‘left’,” said Salihana Zawawi, 29, wife of Mohd Zawawi Seman, 36, who was found floating in the waters of Pulau Kapas, Marang after disappearing at sea together. Three other brothers in Kuala Kemaman on June 21.
Lead 2 Mohd Zawawi’s body was found floating by fishermen at 5 pm yesterday before his body was taken by the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement (APMM) to the Pulau Kambing jetty and handed over to the Sultanah Nur Zahirah Hospital (HSNZ) Forensic Unit.
6. A straight lead or summary lead

A straight lead presents the summary of the story, and it shows the news outcome instantly. It gives the outline or a gist of the whole episode or article for readers who do not have a lot of time to sit and read can glance through actual headlines of the day.

Example of a straight lead

Kuala Lumpur: Celebrity entrepreneur Noor Neelofa Mohd Noor and her Islamic televangelist husband, Haris Ismail, have repeatedly come under police investigation after their alleged violations of the movement control order (MCO) made headlines.

7. A Scene Lead

A scene lead starts a story with an introduction and influences the readers to read the whole story.

For example:

Johor Bahru: Security guards are not scared of any unwanted situation of their responsibility.

8. Anecdote lead

It tells a short story to explain the whole story. This type of lead is used to describe a long story.

For example,

Penang: For the two-week lockdown, which starts on June 1, most businesses and services in Sabah, except petrol stations, hospitals, and central and wholesale markets, will be allowed to operate from 7 am to 7 pm daily.

9. Significant Detail Lead

A significant detail lead opens the story by focusing on a concrete detail that symbolizes the central theme.

For Example,

It was neither his family member nor friends who stole the politician’s car yesterday night.

10. Direct Address Lead

A direct-address lead speaks directly to the reader, using the second person. It addresses the reader directly as ‘you’. It enhances the interest of the reader as it directly talks to them.

Example: “You might not get relief from the harsh winds as the weather will be the same for the next ten days or more.

Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample & Template

Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample. Also, Zoom meeting minutes sample.

Online Meeting Minutes

Online meeting minutes refer to an official written report of a virtual meeting’s activities. The alternative name of virtual meeting minutes is online meeting notes. The company or organization and a group of people optimize the virtual video meeting platforms to complete online meetings staying far away from each other. People conduct virtual meetings formally or informally. The organization certainly conducts virtual meetings formally to take meetings nore. The best free virtual meeting platforms are Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft Team, and so more.

What is the best free online meeting platform?

The virtual meeting minutes and Face to Face meeting minutes represent almost the same template. However, physical meeting minutes include location and venue, whereas online meeting minutes include an online meeting platform name, Zoom, Google Meet, or Microsoft Team.

Types of Meeting Minutes

The two types of meeting minutes are physical minutes of meeting and virtual meeting minutes. Virtual meeting minutes is the alternative name for online meeting minutes or minutes of online meetings. Meeting minutes mean physical meetings that must indicate the meeting venue. In contrast, online meeting minutes mention the virtual meeting platform name, such as Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft team, and more.

Online Meeting Minutes Sample
Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample. Also, Zoom meeting minutes sample.
Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample, Example & Template
 Virtual Meeting Minutes Elements

The essential elements of virtual meeting minutes are company or organization name, date, time, virtual meeting platform name, opening, list of attendees, absent, agenda, discussion, note, action items, adjournment, submitted by, approved by, also documents.

 Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample

It is a sample of online or virtual meeting minutes. The student of Universiti Putra Malaysia has conducted this online meeting to complete the group discussion. You may also follow the structure of this meeting minutes to write your own minutes.

The meeting minutes should be written on a company letterhead where the company logo, URL, and contact are also visible.

Meeting Minutes
Business Plan Entrepreneurship
2 April 2021 / 10.00 AM

Opening
The first group meeting of Group 1 was called to conduct on 2 April 2021 at 10.00 a.m. via Zoom Meeting Applications.

Online Meeting Platforms
Virtual meeting via Zoom Meeting application.

Attendee’s List
M M Kobiruzzaman,
Nur Athirah Mohamad Rashid,
Nurfatin Farzana Eddy Rizal,
Also, Srisanthiya A/P Saravanan.

Absent list
For example, Nurul Aini Sofia Husin

Activities
The members have performed the ice-breaking activities to know each other as well as become familiar.
They have constructed an organizational structure based on the member’s opinions.
Members have done brainstorming and recorded all participant’s ideas that are relevant to the business plan.

Discussion

Firstly, each member of the group was introduced themselves to break the ice between them. Actually, it is essential to know each other for team building, and it will be easy for the teammates to cooperate well in the future.

Secondly, each member had chosen their positions to ensure that the company has a systematic structure of organizations. Everyone was agreed with their positions as below:

CEO (M.M.Kobiruzzaman)
Operations Manager (Srisanthiya)
Marketing, Customer Service Manager (Nurfatin Farzana)
Multimedia Manager (Nur Athirah).

Finally, the team had come out with a few suggestions of relevant businesses for the business plan. Each member should choose the best product or service they could serve, and the team decided to finalize it by next week.

Notes
Everyone should prepare relevant stands for their idea, and it should be presented at the next meeting so the team can finalize the best business for the company.

Action Items
Firstly, the team has finalized the organizational structure.
Additionally, all the suggestions were listed down in the PowerPoint for everyone’s reference.
Finally, we have recorded the meeting and shared the link via the WhatsApp group.
Adjournment
The meeting was adjourned at 11.00 AM just after 1 hour. Hence, the group leader declared the adjournment with a closing speech.

Next Meeting
However, 0ur next meeting will hold on Friday, 9th November 2021, at 10 a.m. using the same platform.

Submitted by
For example, Nur Athirah Binti Mohamad Rashid

Approved by
For example, M M Kobiruzzaman

Attachment

For example, a group of students at UPM has conducted a virtual meeting to discuss group assignments. So, we have attached the PDF and word files of the virtual meeting samples for better understanding.

Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample Link- Word File Download