Lead Writing- Types of Leads Writing in Journalism News Lead Examples

Lead Writing, Types of Leads Writing in Journalism- News Lead. Types of Leads in Journalism. Types of Leads in News Writing.

Lead Writing- News Lead Writing
What is News Lead?

News lead is the first and second paragraph of a news article. Usually, a good lead attracts readers to read the body of the feature by highlighting the main issue of news.

How to become a Good News Writer?

A good news writer always follows the 5W and 1H of report writing strategy in journalism to cover all issues related to the news headlines.

Good Lead Examples

A Good Lead must have the follow the 5W and 1H rules of news writing.

FORMULA WHO does WHAT,  WHEN, WHERE, WHY and HOW
Who = subject, people name, organization name
What = name of activity and event
When = day, yesterday, tomorrow
Where = location name
Why = background of event, purpose, cause
How = process, detail of the event, audiences
What is the Long of Sentence for Lead Writing?

According to Mansor (2010), The length of a sentence should not exceed 25 words. On the other hand, according to Mencher (2010), The length of a sentence should not exceed 35 words.

Types of Leads in Journalism

The two types of leads in Journalism are:

  1. Alternative Lead (Narative/Contras/Staccato/ Question/also Citation).
  2. Traditional Lead (5W1H).

Lead Writing types in journalism

Traditional Lead

The traditional Lead is Also known as the basic lead. It is constructed from 6 elements for example, who, what, when, where, why and how. But, usually, the journalist will start with Who and What.  However, Can start and end with any of the 6 elements.

Who Lead News Example
Headline Myanmar ties the Young Tigers
Lead 1 The country’s under-22 squad (B-22) showed a lacklustre performance in the opening match of Group A of the 2019 SEA Games when they only won a 1-1 draw against Myanmar, just now.
Lead 2 The Young Tigers looked shaky early in the first half as they struggled to adapt on the surface of a synthetic pitch at the Rizal Memorial Stadium, Philippines.
What Lead News Example
Headline Additional subjects follow the inclinations of the students
Lead 1 KUALA LUMPUR-The Secondary School Standard Curriculum (KSSM) (Upper Secondary) which will come into effect next January aims to improve the flow of Science and Literature in the existing education system.
Lead 2 Deputy Director-General of Education (Policy and Curriculum Sector), Dr Habibah Abdul Rahman said, Form Four students can choose four packages containing a combination of core and elective subjects in the new school term.
Alternative Lead

Alternative Lead starts with staccato, question, narrative or descriptive, contras, and citation in the news feature.

  1. Staccato
  2. Question
  3. Narrative/ Descriptive
  4. Contrast
  5. Citation
1. STACCATO
  • It a dot sign in music
  • It’s mean- separately read
  • Its like dot meaning end of the sentence
 Example of Staccato
Lead 1 Kuala Lumpur: There is no Raya shirt or any celebration. This year’s festival doesn’t seem to mean anything to them. For the past two months, this hospital has been their second home.
Lead 2 “Every day, we just shed tears thinking of Raef who risked his life because his health condition is often uncertain,” said Noraini Jaafar, 37, mother of four -year -old Raef Uqael Mohd Rosli.
2. QUESTION
  • Write in question sentence (like the question to the audience)
  • However, the audience did not necessarily prepare the answer.
Lead 1 Kuala Lumpur: Are you willing to wait as early as 8 am to buy various items at a discount of more than 70 per cent in preparation for Aidilfitri even though most Sogo shopping malls in the capital are only open at 10 am?
Lead 2 Should we bring the family shopping in the capital in the morning?
3. NARRATIVE/DESCRIPTIVE

The situation/picture of the event

Example of NARRATIVE/DESCRIPTIVE
Lead 1 Seremban: The suspicious actions of two women in black hijab rushing out of a supermarket were answered when they were caught on suspicion of stealing various sets of dishes at a supermarket in Seremban 2, here, yesterday.
Lead 2 The act of the two suspects in their 30s stealing the set of dishes was sniffed by security guards before arresting them.
4. CONTRAS

Opposite with the actor and event

Example of Contrast

Lead 1 KUALA LUMPUR, July 26-The illegal gambling activities that have seemed ‘silent’ in recent months in public business premises are still happening in exclusive places including luxury bungalows, condominiums and private clubs.
Lead 2 President of the Malaysian Consumer Protection Association, Datuk Mohd. Firdaus Abdullah said the activity was difficult to detect by the authorities because it used a closed location and only involved invitations.
 5. CITATION
  • Statement from the sources (talk/seminar/press conference)
  • Starting with the “  ”  symbol.

For example, the lead starts with a quotation mark.

Lead 1 Kuala Terengganu: “He told me to take care of myself and educate my children well before he ‘left’,” said Salihana Zawawi, 29, wife of Mohd Zawawi Seman, 36, who was found floating in the waters of Pulau Kapas, Marang after disappearing at sea together. three other brothers in Kuala Kemaman on June 21.
Lead 2 Mohd Zawawi’s body was found floating by fishermen at 5 pm yesterday before his body was taken by the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement (APMM) to the Pulau Kambing jetty and handed over to the Sultanah Nur Zahirah Hospital (HSNZ) Forensic Unit.

 

Types of Photojournalism- Different Types of Photojournalism

Types of Photojournalism- 10 Different Types of Photojournalism & Photography. The 8 Types of Photojournalism are Spot News, General News, FeatureSports, Action Sports, Features, Portrait/Personality, Pictorial, also Illustration. Types of photojournalism pdf.

Photojournalism

Photojournalism refers to the process of explanation of a moment, issue, incident, or story by using photography. It is a way of storytelling that represent a story visually via photos. Photojournalism is an essential part of journalism.

Types of Photojournalism

Different Types of Photojournalism in Photography

The 8 Types of Photojournalism are:

  1. Spot News Photojournalism
  2. General News Photojournalism
  3. Feature Photojournalism
  4. Sports Action Photojournalism
  5. Sports Features Photojournalism
  6. Portrait/Personality Photojournalism
  7. Pictorial Photojournalism
  8. Illustration Photojournalism
1. Spot News Photojournalism

Spot news photographs carry an urgent, unplanned, and often unpleasant or undesirable ambience. The coverage cannot be scheduled in advance. Spot news photography include automobile accidents, aeroplane crashes, tornadoes, fires, murders, bank robberies and so more. It also represents various acute, exciting and usually noteworthy occurrences that help characterize life. Usually, spot-news occurs without notice and ends quickly, or at least its most newsworthy aspects do. Unless aftermath photos are acceptable, so photographers must arrive soon. Many newspaper photographers use police monitors, cellular telephones, social media platforms, for example, Facebook, Twitter to get spot news.

Types of Photojournalism- Example photo of spot photojournalism

Covering Spot News

The key to successfully covering spot news, once the photographer has arrived, is to quickly ascertain what is going on and decide which aspect is the most important and truthful—which element is the most appropriate truth. Then photographers marshal all the technological and creative aspects of photojournalism to inform readers well within appropriate legal restraints and ethical limitations. Photographers should always record what appears to be the essential aspect first. You must make every reasonable effort to keep intrusion to a minimum—by using attention-getting flash, stay physically as far from the action as possible, respect police lines, take care not to destroy potential evidence—by walking on them.

Spot news often presents two sides: the hard-core event and secondary but often humanizing aspects.

2. General News Photojournalism

The general news photojournalism process is scheduled by journalistic organizations is termed general or planned news. Covering general news may not have the adrenaline-producing excitement of raging fires, police shootouts etc., but this category regularly offers photojournalists opportunities to inform readers about significant happenings. General news gives photojournalist the opportunity to plan is knowing a story—what it is, where it came from, where it is, and where it probably is headed. If time allows, delve into subjects so you can make informed decisions about coverage and emphasis—can avoid covering the superficial and obvious gimmick set up. Photojournalist should get familiar with the subject and physical layout of coverage sites.

Covering General News

Must be cooperative with reporters from your organization can be a great help to you in your quest to visually inform readers. Reporters can provide insight into a story that photojournalists might miss.

Types of Photojournalism- Hard News
Two Types of General News
  1. Hard News: Something that’s happening now. It’s “important” news. Seeks to inform rather than entertain.
  2. Breaking News: Hard news that’s happening right now. An ongoing story. 
3. Features News Photojournalism

The feature is a broad category that includes images with at least some news value and pictures that may easily fit in one or more other non-news categories.

Two Types of Feature photojournalism  are:

1) Lighthearted images that entertain more than inform.

2) Serious images that inform more than entertain.

For example, light-hearted images are squirrels chewing on nuts, children playing in large boxes, parents pushing children on swings.

For example, serious images are dying AIDS sufferer mounting a valiant fight against the disease, a child violin prodigy destined for fame. Serious images convey news overtones or connections or probe the life of their community, to reach toward their subjects’ hearts and soul.

Editors tend to use features when space is available, and they have no images of a more severe and essential nature or when the graphically dull page needs sprucing up.

4. Sports Action Photojournalism 

Sports action images interested in capturing the actions as they happen. Photographing sports action is dangerous. 

However, there are three essential ways to minimize your risk in covering spots action and to ensure you record critical moments are:

  1. Firstly, knowing how games are played.
  2. Secondly, knowing the strengths, weakness and preferences of players and coaches.
  3. Finally, constantly being alert to potential as well as actual action.

Types of Photojournalism Sports Action Photojournalism 

Covering Sports Action

1. Using telephoto lenses of 180mm and longer is suitable for sports action coverage.

2. Motor drives are highly desirable because no photographer can regularly capture the height of action with a single manual exposure.

3. Monopods also are highly desirable when using telephoto lenses because monopods provide a relatively steady platform

4. Unless they have a specific reason to do otherwise, photographers should follow the ball in games where a ball is used.

5. Photographers should carry a short telephoto and a wide-angle or a zoom equivalent while covering the action. This allows photographers to record other scenes related to the game, particularly features, as well as activities happening close to them.

5. Sports Features Photojournalism

Sports feature pictures are the same as features, except they always involve sports. Photographers typically take these pictures immediately before, during or after sporting events but also may take them at other times. Sports features round out sports events by revealing their off-stage activities. They humanize sports, showing the emotions of players, coaches and spectators and conveying other game-related activities important but arguably secondary to gameplay.

For Examples, opposing coaches embracing after a hard-fought game, a player on the losing side weeping etc.

Types of Photojournalism Sports Features Photojournalism

6. Portrait / Personality Photojournalism

The portrait/Personality category is not all are of faces, but it offers glimpses into hearts and souls. The photographer let readers walk in the shoes of those pictured.

Although faces lend themselves to the scrutiny of the person within, portrait/personality images need not be facial views to probe for deeper meaning. Back pictures and body forms can speak volumes. Good portrait/personality images reveal as much about the photographer as the photographer. Only images makers attuned to nuances of nonverbal behaviour and comfortable with personal interaction can consistently visually plumb subjects’ inner selves. Actually, it represents emotion and sympathy.

Types of Photojournalism- Portrait Photography

7. Pictorial Photojournalism

Outstanding images in the pictorial category showcase the artistic side of photojournalism. Pictorials typically depend on light and form and their interaction. These images make readers pause, perhaps to reminisce about pleasant and similar experiences, or just to feel a little better also a little brighter.

 Pictorial typically entertains more than inform.

8. Illustration Photojournalism

Illustration photojournalism refers to combined or manipulated images that create a “new” image. Nevertheless, news photographers can not manipulate a picture without calling it a photo illustration.  Images in this category visually try to convey ideas and concepts, and products. Both categories demand a particularly high level of technical photographic expertise and keen, incisive minds that can produce images that clearly convey the intended messages while doing so in clever, eye-catching ways.

Example Photo of Illustration Photojournalism