Nonverbal Communication Example-7 Types of Nonverbal Communication Cues. Also, 7 Types of Nonverbal Communication are Physical Appearance. Vocalics, Kinesics -Body Gesture, Proxemics, Haptics, Chronemics, and Artifacts. Non-verbal communication skills
Nonverbal communication means conveying messages and information through nonverbal cues, such as physical expression, eye contact, body language, gesture, and posture. It is not spoken words that generate meaning. Effective communication relies on both verbal and nonverbal communication cues. So, non-verbal communications are also known as nonverbal cues that transmit messages during the interaction.
The use of verbal and nonverbal communication cues during interaction can make communication more effective and efficient.
As per scholar estimation, there are more than 0.70 million examples of non-verbal communication or nonverbal cues.
Nonverbal Communication Examples
Types of Nonverbal Communication
The 7 Types or Examples of Nonverbal Communication are
- Personal / Physical Appearance,
- Vocalics –Tone, Volume, Rate, also Pitch,
- Kinesics –Body Gesture, Eye Contact,
- Proxemics- Space,
- Haptics –Touch,
- Chronemics –How much time talk as well as elapsed,
- Artifacts- Dress up.
1. Personal Appearance
Personal appearance is a strong example of nonverbal communication. A proverb says that “The first impression is the best information.” People conclude your education, success, moral character, social position, as well as trustworthiness. Clothes you wear send messages to other group members. For example, casual attire is more acceptable in informal groups because of the belief in trustworthiness. Additionally, a professional appearance is expected in a business setting and important group presentations. However, research shows that good-looking people tend to make more money and get promoted more often than average looks.
2. Vocalics or Paralinguistic
Vocalics are examples of nonverbal communication that show the way we use our voices while talking to someone. It is also known as Paralinguage. The vocalics or paralanguages modify the meaning of the message. The most popular vocalics are inflection, tone, pitch, number of filler words, indicators, and subtle cues. You have over 630 muscles in your body. It takes the interaction of 72 different muscles to produce human speech. The strongest muscle in your body is your tongue, so use it effectively. On the other hand, eye muscles are the busiest muscles in the body. Scientists estimate that eyes move more than 100,000 times a day. You have over 30 muscles on your face to help you smile or frown; for example, 17 muscles to smile, 43 muscles to frown. So, smile every time you see someone – it’s easier!
The example of Vocalics or Paralinguistic are
- Inflection (upward as in asking a question, downward as in making a statement)
- Tone (monotone, excited)
- Volume and Rate (fast, slow)
- Pitch (deep, nasal)
- Accent (southern, eastern seaboard)
- Number of vocal interrupters (aaaahhhh, well, also uh)
- Quality of voice indicators (clear, scared)
- Subtle cues (irony and sarcasm).
Kinesics is a nonverbal communication example representing physical expression, facial expression, body movement, etc. It indicates facial expressions and other body movements, for example, gestures, posture, and eye behavior. Smile constitutes the largest part of facial expression.
Kinesics is the symbolic meaning of movements.
Ekman and Friesen (1969) developed five types of body movements that are also known as kinesics. The five types of movements or kinesics are Emblems, Illustrator, Affect display, Regulators, and Adaptors.
- Emblems are gestures that can carry information without using verbal communication. They do not require the use of verbal communication to convey the message. Emblems represent the complete meaning of the message; therefore, no need to explain verbally.
For example, Thumb up, LOGO,
2. Illustrators are gestures that require the use of verbal communication to transmit a complete message. Communicators link a nonverbal action with verbal action.
For example, showing direction but need to explain to give the complete message.
3. Affect displays are body movements that relate to your emotions.
For example, slumping body, relaxed body, and confident body.
4. Regulators are nonverbal cues that emphasize further action. It determines turn-taking in conversations.
For example, control communication, a nod of the head.
5. Adaptors are a movement to adapt to a situation and the current environment.
For example, reveal from nervousness, fixing clothes, nose scratches.
Smiling is a powerful non-verbal cue that transmits happiness, friendliness, warmth, liking, and affiliation.
The example of kinesics also nonverbal communication are gestures, postures, and eye contact.
Head nods are a form of gesture. It is a positive reinforcement to students and indicates listening. The gesture makes communication more lively and effective. A lively and animated communication style captures peoples’ attention, makes the material more interesting, facilitates understanding, and provides entertainment. If you fail to gesture while speaking, you may be perceived as boring, stiff, and unanimated.
Posture represents numerous messages by the way you walk, talk, stand and sit. For example, standing erect but not rigid and leaning slightly forward communicates to your audience that you are approachable, receptive, and friendly. Additionally, speaking with your back turned or looking at the floor or ceiling should be avoided; it communicates disinterest to your audience. Facial expressions demonstrate approval or disapproval of the topic being discussed or the person making the presentation. For example, point to one’s watch to let the chairperson know that they will soon run out of time; a thumbs-up gesture. However, eyes contact is one of the most important cues for ineffective communication.
Eye Contact- Nonverbal cues
|Direct eye contact||Confidence|
|Looking downwards||Listening carefully, guilt/shame|
|Single eyebrow raised||Doubt, skepticism|
|Both eyebrows raised||Admiring, encouragement|
|Bent eyebrows||Sudden focus, intensity|
|Tears||Emotional – joy or pain|
4. Haptics (Touch)
Haptics is an example of nonverbal communication that representing communication involving touch. Haptic communication occurred when people or animals interact with the sense of touch.
Example of Haptics
The most noteworthy examples of haptic are holding hands, hugging, tickling, also kissing.
Proxemics is an example of nonverbal communication that represents the seating arrangements that affect the interaction. For example, dominant group members position more centrally in the group’s space. However, task-oriented leaders VS socially-oriented leaders maintain space ratio or territoriality when the exhibit group meeting.
Example of Proxemics
Interpersonal space is an example of proxemics, also known as nonverbal cues.
1.Intimate distance ( 0-18 inches (-45.72 cm): for example, close friends, some family members, and lovers—private zone
2. Personal distance (18 in. – 4 ft (1.22 m), an arm’s length away): for example, friends and acquaintances
3. Social distance ( 4 – 8 ft (2.44 m): for example, new acquaintances and strangers
4. Public distance ( >8 ft (2.44 m): for example, making a presentation to a larger audience.
Chronemics is another example of nonverbal communication or cues that denotes how much time to talk and elapse when interacting with others. For example, how many members talk and how much time they let elapse before responding to other group members contribute to leadership and influence perceptions. Showing up at a meeting on time or being habitually late nonverbally communicates information to other group members—for example, the Monochromic people Vs. Polychromic people.
Nonverbal artifacts in communication refer to the physical objects of the person including clothes, shoes, houses, car brands, and so more. It is also known as the belongings own by the communicator. However, artifacts assist the audiences strongly to form perceptions about the speakers.
Artifacts nonverbal communication examples
For example, the use of clothes, jewelry, tattoos, and other accessories.