Types of Nonverbal Communication: Nonverbal Cues, Definition, and Example of nonverbal communication, Component of Nonverbal Communication.
♠ Table of contents:
Definition of Nonverbal communication.
Types of Nonverbal Communication.
1. Definition of Nonverbal communication:
Nonverbal communication indicates message components other than words that generate meaning. Effective group members rely on both verbal and nonverbal communication both homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. Nonverbal communication is also similar to nonverbal cues that represent meaning during communication. Both verbal and nonverbal communication implies the essential components of effective communication. As per scholar estimation, there are more than 0.70 million forms of nonverbal communication or nonverbal cues. It is probably impossible to discuss all forms of nonverbal communication, therefore, we are going to discuss seven types of nonverbal communication here.
2. Types of Nonverbal Communication:
- Personal / Physical Appearance.
- Vocalics –Tone, Volume, Rate, also Pitch.
- Kinesics –Body Gesture, Eye Contact
- Proxemics- Space
- Haptics –Touch
- Chronemics –How much time talk also elapse.
- Artifacts- Dress up
2.1. Physical/Personal Appearance:
- First of all, “First impression is the best information”
- Also, People draw conclusions about your education, success, moral character, social position, and also trustworthiness.
- Another, Clothes you wear send messages to other group members. Casual attire is more acceptable in informal groups because of belief of trustworthiness.
- Furthermore, Professional appearance is expected in a business setting and important group presentations
- Finally, Research shows that good-looking people tend to make more money and get promoted more often than those with average looks.
2. 2. Vocalics:
- How we use our voices while we talk
- Inflection (upward as in asking a question, downward as in making a statement)
- Tone (monotone, excited)
- Volume and Rate (fast, slow)
- Pitch (deep, nasal)
- Accent (southern, eastern seaboard)
- Number of vocal interrupters (aaaahhhh, well, also uh)
- Quality of voice indicators (clear, scared)
- Subtle cues (irony and sarcasm).
- The study of body movement and physical expression.
- Facial expressions and other body movements such as gestures, posture and eye behavior
- Eyes contact seems like an important cue in group interaction.
- Facial expressions demonstrate approval or disapproval of the topic being discussed or the person making the presentation.
- For instant: Point to one’s watch to let the chairperson know that they will soon run out of time; a thumbs-up gesture
- Research: lean forward, maintain eye contact, gesture often, smile, and also assume a relaxed posture = group leaders and be viewed as attractive by other group members
Any type of communication involving touch. Haptic communication occurred when people or animals interact with the sense of touch. The most noteworthy instant of haptic nonverbal communication mentioned below:
- Holding hands.
- The use of space and seating arrangements affects the interaction.
- Dominant group members position more centrally in the group’s space.
- Hence, Task-oriented leaders VS socially-oriented leaders maintain space ratio or territoriality when the exhibit group meeting.
- Intimate distance ( 0-18 inches (-45.72 cm) = close friends, some family members, and lovers—private zone
- Personal distance (18 in. – 4 ft (1.22 m), an arm’s length away) = friends and acquaintances
- Social distance ( 4 – 8 ft (2.44 m) = new acquaintances and strangers
- Public distance ( >8 ft (2.44 m) = making a presentation to a larger audience.
- How much time talk and elapse when interacting with others.
- How many members’ talk, how much time they let elapse before responding to other group members contributes to perceptions of leadership and influence.
- Showing up at a meeting on time or being habitually late nonverbally communicates information to other group members.
- Monochromic people Vs. Polychromic people.
- The use of clothing, jewelry also other accessories.
First of all, According to our table of contents, we have discussed the definition of nonverbal communication. In addition to that, we have sorted out and already introduced seven types of nonverbal communication or nonverbal cues. Furthermore, we have placed some examples of nonverbal communication especially characteristic of vocalics and haptics. Finally, mentioned the list of interpersonal space.