Academic Journal Article Review Example

Academic Journal Article Review Example. Example of a Journal Article Review. Journal Review Example APA. Example of Article Review Assignment pdf.

Journal Article Review

Journal article review refers to a systematic approach to critiquing other scholar’s work in the research field. It is an academic strategy to summarize academic journals with strengths and weaknesses. The academic journal review system allows reviewers to clarify the authenticity and contribution of papers to disciplines in the study. It represents the article’s values with in-depth analysis. The academic journal article review includes a summary, evaluation, and conclusion with strengths and limitations.

Academic Journal Article Review Outlines
  1. Summary of the article
  2. Evaluation of the article
  3. Conclusion (Strengths & Limitations of the article)


Academic Journal Article Review Example

How To Review Academic Journal Articles

The author explains how to review academic journals with examples. It certainly enhances students’ ability to review other experts’ works. The example will provide an in-depth understanding of reviewing articles.

1. Summary of The Article

The summary of the article includes Problem Statements, Research Questions, Research Objectives, Research Methodology, Significance, Research Model, Variables and Findings.

The author depicts an example to demonstrate how to summarize the academic journal.

Article Title: Effects of High‐Performance Work Systems (HPWS) on Hospitality Employees’ Outcomes Through Their Organizational Commitment, Motivation, and Job Satisfaction

Problem Statements Research Questions Research Methodology Significance
1. Less research has been done on how HPWSs affect employee outcomes, such as an employee’s health or job satisfaction which is crucial in the COVID-19 situation (Kloutsiniotis and Mihail, 2020a) (Adikaram et al., 2021).

2. Uncertain & highly stressful context has aggravated the problem of burnout (Ayachit & Chitta, 2021), which was customary among hotel employees even before the COVID-19 pandemic (Tsui, 2021; Wong et al., 2019).

1. What are the mechanisms through which HPWSs practices will effect employee job satisfaction?

2. What are the effects of burnout as a mediator in the relationship between HPWSS and employee job satisfaction?

1. Research Method: Exploratory; Quantitative.

2. Research Design: Descriptive

3. Respondents: 202 sample of respondents on hotel employees in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain) during Spring 2021.

4. Data Collection Method: Survey-based questionnaire (using a paper pen or an electronic version); convenience sampling process

5. Data Analysis: Correlation Analysis; Validity & Reliability using Partial Least Squares- Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) analysis.

1. To contribute theoretical literature development of HPWSs practices on employee job satisfaction in hospitality & tourism firms.

2. To recommend the practical implications to be useful for HR specialists & hoteliers in the implementation of HPWSs mechanisms in the current pandemic situation, in order to mitigate its negative effects on an employee-centered approach.


Research Objectives
1. To examine the direct effects of HPWSs on employee job satisfaction.

2. To examine the indirect effects of HPWSs through a reduction in burnout on employee job satisfaction.

Academic Article Research Model Review Example

Academic Journal Article Variables Review Example
Variables of the Study

Independent Variable [ IV ]

  • High-Performance Organization Systems (HPWSs)

(HPWSs are unique interrelated HRM practices that act in concert to improve employee skills, motivation, and participation in organizations (Dorta-Afonso and Gonzalez-de-la-Rosa, 2022; Messersmith et al., 2011; Sun et al., 2007).

Mediating Variable [ MeV ]

  • Burnout

Burnout is a psychological job-related syndrome that derives from prolonged exposure to chronic job stressors, resulting in a physical, emotional, and mental state of feeling drained (Maslach et al., 2001).

Dependent Variable [ DV ]

  • Employee Job Satisfaction

Job satisfaction refers to feelings resulting from a worker’s perception of the extent to which their job satisfies their needs (Kong et al., 2018).

Academic Journal Article Variables Review Example

Findings of the Article
  1. HPWSs exerted a positive direct effect on job satisfaction but also had an indirect effect by reducing employee burnout for hoteliers and HRM managers during COVID-19.
  2. It was found that the abilities bundle of HRM practices affects job satisfaction, whereas the motivation and opportunities bundles reduce burnout (based on the AMO framework).
  3. In conclusion, this study underlined the importance of HPWSs for hospitality firms given their effects on crucial attitudinal employees.

2. Evaluation of the Article

The evaluation of the academic article contains the hypothesis, theory, framework, data collection and analysis, and findings of the study.

Journal Article Hypothesis Review Example
Based on the Findings

Hypothesis 1:

  • The findings were aligned with the previous studies that there is a positive relationship between HPWSs and employee job satisfaction in hospitality firms, thus consistent with SET in supporting the mutual gain Thus, consistent with SET in supporting the mutual gain perspective.
  • Based on JD-R theory, it can be concluded that HPWSs have positive benefits offered by the organizations that can help employees overcome daily demands in achieving their desired state within their

Hypothesis 2:

  • The study found that HPWSs practices have negative direct effects on burnout and exert an indirect effect on the job.
  • The indirect effect is explained by to pandemic situation which has brought higher workloads and for the same reasons, it would apply to employment
  • Thus, the study demonstrated that the three HRM bundle practices (abilities, motivation, and opportunities) may alleviate burnout in stressful situations which in turn would increase employee jobs.
Academic Journal Article Adopted Theories Review
Based on Theories:
01. The Social Exchange Theory

This study advocates the mutual gains perspective based on social exchange theory (SET) and it hypothesizes that HPWSs are a way to boost employee job satisfaction as a result of their adherence to the fundamental reciprocity principle (Cropanzano and Mitchell, 2005).

As a result, employees will view HPWSs as an indication that their bosses care about them and will reciprocate by having better attitudes (i.e. a high level of job satisfaction).

Thus, the study has highlighted the usefulness of the SET in explaining the process through which HPWSs influence employee attitude and the significant role of trust as a social exchange which can be evident in the HPWSs.

02. The Organizational Support Theory

This argumentation aligns with the organizational support theory (Eisenberger et al., 1986), another HRM approach that has been considered as a solution to the pandemic challenges (e.g. Chen and Eyoun, 2021; Cheng et al., 2022) to foster employee performance, engagement and commitment (Eisenberger et, 2020; Kurtessis et al., 2017).

This finding is consistent with the organizational support theory in supporting the benefits of HPWSs for hospitality firms that can enhance employee job satisfaction in harsh working

03.   The Job-Demand Resources Theory

The authors use the J-DR theory to propose that HPWSs provide workers with resources, such as skills, autonomy, feedback, and growth opportunities (Bakker and Demerouti, 2017).

Consequently, HPWSs may very well contribute to a reduction in worker burnout, which may in part improve levels of job satisfaction, therefore supporting the mutual gains perspective.

Academic Journal Research Method Analysis
Academic Journal Research Method Analysis

Single Respondents: 

The authors suggested gathering data from both HR managers and employees (multiple respondents).

It would broaden the knowledge of the effects of HPWSs on employee outcomes.

Cross-Sectional studies:

This study is cross-sectional. Therefore, it is suggested that longitudinal studies be performed to examine whether the relationships found here are true.

Disaggregation of HPWSs on AMO:

It shown to affect employee outcomes in varied ways to examine the differential effects of HPWSs on employees’ job satisfaction and dissatisfaction.

The characterization of motivating or hygiene factors can be considered.

May use other mediating mechanisms:

Such as leadership or employee, attitudes & behaviors which HPWSs may be conducive to higher levels of job satisfaction & burnout reduction.

To consider different kinds of job resources & job demands

To examine the differentiation between challenge and hindrance job resources/demands on the development of the current JD-R theory Model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2017).

Conclusion With Strengths and Limitations

This study does not clearly on systems of HRM practices, it explores processes and recommendations to enhance the HPWSs effects, especially in the service sector.

I agree that HPWSs could be considered one of many resources of organizational support that managers may take into consideration the possible negative effects associated with HPWSs & specific bundles of HRM practices.

HPWSs are unique interrelated HRM practices that act in concert to improve employee skills, motivation & participation in organizations.

In conclusion, I learned that the relationship between HRM practices & organizational performance has space for progress and becomes a good indicator of a company’s success.

 Journal Review Example APA

The author demonstrates the following journal review example APA  for example of the article review assignment. The author illustrated this journal review example for students’ instructions.

Selected Article
Title: Transformational Leadership and Job Performance: The Mediating Role of  Work Engagement
Author: Lai, Tang, Lu, Lee, & Lin.
Publish year: 2020
Journal: SAGE Open (published by SAGE)
Quartile:  Q2
Citation Count: 194 (as of 28/10/2022 via Google Scholar)
Citation: Lai, F. Y., Tang, H. C., Lu, S. C., Lee, Y. C., & Lin, C. C. (2020).          Transformational leadership and job performance: The mediating role of work engagement. Sage Open10(1), 2158244019899085.URL:


In Lai et al.’s article above, they explored the mediating role of work engagement (WE) between the relationship of transformational leadership (TFL) and employee job performance (JP) and helping behavior (HB). Specifically, how the nurses’ work engagement intervenes in the impact of transformational leadership of head nurses on the job performance of nurses. The study shows that TRL gives rise to WE but not JP and HB. We mediated the relationship between  TFL JP and HB. The results are able to support all three of their hypothesis.


The central argument is that it is important to comprehend the factors and underlying mechanisms that give rise to employee motivation, which makes them perform well in their in-role task and perhaps go the extra mile. In addition, because of a wider variety of work behaviors, work-engaged employees are more likely to help their peers. Transformational leaders provide robust and common goals for employees and convince them that those goals are meaningful. Transformational leaders may improve employee task performance and helping behaviors through work engagement. Work-engaged employees deploy themselves to the in-role task and devote their energy to behavior that gives rise to achieving organizational goals.

In short, employees will be work-engaged when transformational leaders are able to get their buy-in by providing meaningful goals, offering a safe and supportive environment, and providing accessible resources. The paper did well in reducing concerns about common method variance (CMV) errors where it uses three waves of study, collecting data from leaders and members.

The paper did provide practical implications for personnel selection and leadership training:

During day-to-day interaction, lower level (ward head nurse) TFL, who have more contact with members, might have more opportunities to (i) instill in members the organization’s vision and collective goals, (ii) offer emotional support when members feel frustration or help them overcome difficult tasks with new solutions immediately. Through training, leaders may enhance their coaching skills including how to set unit goals, communicate with members about these goals, motivate members to achieve goals, invent new methods for problem-solving, and cheer up members when they experience setbacks.

The research could have better explained the mechanism of how TFL leadership gives rise to WE by using the job demands-resource (JD-R) model (Bakker and Demerouti, 2016). The JD-R model proposed two paths in their model: (i) motivational path and (ii) health-impairment path. According to the motivational path, job and personal resources give rise to employee engagement. It subsequently affects an employee’s job performance.

In Lai et al.’s article above,

JD-R could be used as such that TFL can be conceptualized as job resources for the employee that give rise to employee engagement and consequently lead to better job performance and helping behaviors among nurses. In addition to that, the paper could have tested their assumption on psychological fulfillment (i.e. psychological meaningful, psychological safety, and psychological availability) that led to employee engagement. Meaning, that instead of directly testing TFL to WE, it is possible that TFL  led to meaningful work and then led to WE.

The paper did a good job of representing the work engagement among nurses. However, in terms of gender, this is insufficient to make generalizations about male nurses even within the same industry. The author disclosed the limitations of the study such as the generalizability of their findings, as they collected from one profession and it was dominated by females. Additionally, some citations could have been more recent. For example, when citing past studies to demonstrate empirical evidence: “prior research highlights the positive relationship between motivation and members’ performance (e.g., Cerasoil et al., 2014)”. One of the explanations could be that when initiating their study above in 2019, citing a 2014 paper was still acceptable because it was still within five years back then.


The ward head nurse’s transformational leadership has an impact on nurses’ outcomes (i.e. job performance and helping behavior) through work engagement. Such individual employee outcomes are not only affected by monetary means but rather the perceived support of his or her surroundings (i.e. leadership, job characteristics, support, feedback, autonomy, etc.). It means employees’ behavioral outcomes are influenced by their psychological processes. Whereby, when certain psychological conditions of the employees are fulfilled, they are more likely to express themselves as a member of the organization and perform their in-role tasks well. This is in line with Kahn’s (1990) theory of the psychological condition of engagement that posits a work-engaged individual would need to be psychologically present. To meet that presence,  one must experience psychological meaning, psychological safety, and psychological availability.

Example of a Journal Article Review- 2
Title: Socially responsible human resource management and hotel employee organizational citizenship behavior for the environment: A social cognitive perspective

Link: Article Link

Introduction of the Article

Zhao and Zou(2020)  conducted a study “Socially responsible human resource management and hotel employee organizational citizenship behavior for the Environment: A Social Cognitive Perspective” in which they, drawing inspiration from Social Cognitive Theory, SCT, explored the relationship and interplay of three key predictors that could modulate an employees’ response towards OCBE;  SRHRM, which goes beyond offering enough pay and excellent working conditions and focuses on addressing employees’ personal and family needs, employee’s own Moral reflectiveness and Responsible leadership who form rules and norms and can directly motivate employees. While previous studies focussed on micro-level factors like psychological aspects, this study integrated them with macro-level factors, SRHRM.

Evaluation of the Article

The researchers hypothesized that: Hypothesis-1, SRHRM was positively related to employee OCBE. Hypothesis-2 Moral reflectiveness mediated the relationship between SRHRM and OCBE. Hypothesis-3, Responsible leadership moderated the positive relationship between SRHRM and moral reflectiveness. Hypothesis-4 Responsible leadership via moral reflectiveness moderated the mediated relationship between SRHRM and employee OCBE.

Employees from a large hotel group in Shanghai, China participated in the study. A total of ten hotels were chosen from three categories of hotels, three economy, three upscale, and four luxury hotels. The two-phase survey was conducted between 2018 -2019. The first batch of questionnaires on SRHRM and moral reflectiveness was given to 340 of the full-time employees, and 310 returned the completed questionnaires. In January 2019 second batch of questionnaires on OCBE and responsible leadership was dished out. 270 completed were returned.

SRHRM was measured by employing a six-item scale from Orlitzky and Swanson (2006). Moral reflectiveness through a five-item developed by Reynolds (2008), OCBE was measured with Ten items developed by Boiral and Paill´e (2012) and responsible leadership was evaluated by using the five-item scale developed by Voegtlin (2011).

Statistical analysis of questionnaires revealed that SRHRM had a positive impact on OCBE (p < 0.05), thus it supported Hypothesis 1. As for the second hypothesis, moral reflectiveness was found to be positively associated with OCBE (p < 0.01) whereas the positive impact of SRHRM on OCBE was not significant (p > 0.05) providing initial evidence to support Hypothesis 2.  An indirect effect of SRHRM on OCBE through moral reflectiveness was found significant, further supporting Hypothesis 2. Hypothesis 3 indicated that responsible leadership moderated the relationship between SRHRM and moral reflectiveness. It was found that SRHRM was more significantly related to moral reflectiveness when responsible leadership was low as compared to when it was high. This supported Hypothesis 3. While testing Hypothesis 4, i.e., the indirect influences of SRHRM on OCBE, the moderated mediation effect of H4 was supported.


Based on their findings, the authors suggested that organizations should adopt strong HR policies. Induction process with a clear job description and through interviews organizations should select individuals who are naturally environmentally friendly. Then they must reinforce OCBE culture through training, evaluation, and providing incentives. Similarly, hotels should employ, train, and promote leaders who can support these cultures by engaging and motivating employees. However, the study was limited to one hotel and only to a responsible leader. Additionally, other leaders in the organization like servant leaders, and ethical leaders may be considered in future studies.


STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples

Examples of STAR Interview Questions and Answers. STAR Interview Questions and Answers PDF.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers

The STAR interview questions and answers refer to the organized statement relevant to the interviewee’s Situation, Task, Action, and Result of the previous job condition. It is a structural method of answering questions. It is familiar as the STAR technique of interview questions.

The STAR interview question and answer assist the interviewee in explaining their previous job experience. It also helps interviewers to ask questions. It also helps the interviewer to assess the interviewee’s skills and experience based on the four specific situations. These answers are very important to self-introduction for the job interview to prove the applicant’s potential. The STAR interview questions and answers assist applicants in explaining their strengths precisely, and it is crucial to inform the interviewer about skills and experience relevant to the position. Hence, the STAR interview method helps both the interviewee and interviewer reciprocally.

Star Interview Method (Questions & Answers)

Star Interview Method Meaning

Star method interview means explaining previous experience based on the four key factors: situation, task, action, and results.

  1. Situation
  2. Task
  3. Action
  4. Results
1. Situation (Job Context)

The situation in the STAR interview method indicates the applicant’s job context. It refers to the job arena and scenario they encountered while working there. It highlights the problems, crises, and issues which the applicants overcame. The organization designs the situation and tasks for employees.

(The applicant can follow the answer example to describe what was the situation they have encountered previously).

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples-1

For example, the organization’s sell-growth decreased rapidly for the natural crisis. The sell-growth declined due to conflicting personalities within the marketing department. The CEO appointed me to handle the crisis. I worked very hard to recover business growth within two months.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples-2

I work as a website content writer for the Global Assistant Education Consultant. Google penalizes the website for duplicate content, and it lost massive organic traffic, triggering declining revenue. The managing director assigned me to recover the visitors.

2. Task (What Activities)

Task refers to the employee’s activities and assignments in a specific situation in the STAR interview method. Senior employees set the assignments. It does not point to where they work; instead, it means what you work on regularly. In the interview session, the interviewee needs to discuss previous tasks that they used to accomplish. You have to mention the specific tasks that you have done before. The applicant should provide enough information regarding previous job duties so that the interviewer can understand his capabilities. The task signifies specific job responsibilities, including IT specialist, Group leader, crisis management tasks, content writer, social media marketing, graphic designer, etc.

The applicant can follow the Star interview answer example to describe what activities they have completed before.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples-1

For example, my senior manager instructed me to recover the website traffic. I paraphrased most duplicate content and published them again.

STAR Interview Answers Example-2

Social media marketing managers explain how they promote products and company brands on social media platforms, including Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, YouTube, and WhatsApp.

STAR Interview Answers Example-3

A digital marketing manager should say that I used to regulate the Facebook page and WhatsApp group to communicate with potential and existing customers. Thus, the task in the STAR interview technique indicates daily assignments in the workplace.

3. Action (What Steps)

Action in the STAR interview method represents employees’ steps to achieve the goal. It specifies the individual contribution toward achieving the business goal. In this section, applicants should emphasize how many tasks they have done while working in a previous or current company to overcome the crisis. Action is the most crucial part of the STAR interview approach to explaining the applicant’s strengths.

The employees take action for positive outcomes, not management. Therefore, the applicants must emphasize these sections to represent them appropriately.

However, the interviewee should not mention what their team or group did to accomplish the project. You should use “I,” not “we,” when describing actions.

The applicant can follow this question-answer example to describe what actions they took to overcome the critical situation.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples-1

For example, a digital marketing manager should articulate that I design product banners and share them daily on Facebook, Instagram, Linkedin, and WhatsApp. Additionally, I communicate with our existing and potential clients to inform them about the new laptops.

4. Results (Achievements)

The result of the STAR interview method describes the outcome of the actions taken to achieve the goal. It is the most critical section, followed by the actions. You have to present personal credits that enhance to accomplish business goals. The answers should contain multiple positive effects. You can point out a list of positive results. The interviewee must emphasize explaining the results because it also represents their capabilities. Therefore, the action and results of the STAR interview technique are critical parts for the applicants.

For example, a marketing manager should enunciate that I have managed to sell 200 laptops in a month. Additionally, my actions have increased the number of social media page followers and website visitors. Ultimately, it contributes to corporate reputation and image.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Examples

The author shows the STAR interview question and answers examples for applicants. These examples of interview questions and answers examples help fresher students and employees to face interview sessions.

STAR Interview Questions Examples

Based on the STAR interview, the author created the following questions for the interviewer who can ask the applicants. The interviewers can ask these questions before, during, or after the introduce-yourself speech.

  • Describe a situation where you persuaded other employees to accept organizational change for a better outcome.
  • Explain how did you complete tasks when you were under immersive pressure.
  • Describe a time when you were exhausted at work and recover it properly.
  • Give me the list of the assigned tasks you regularly did to achieve the company goal.
  • Please give me an example of when you contributed to crisis management in the organization.
  • Give us a specific example where you set an independent goal to achieve the company vision and finally reached it.
  • Tell a situation when you confronted a company’s rules and regulations but denied them to complete the tasks.
  • Describe a time when you failed to complete the tasks. What lesson did you learn from it?
Examples of STAR Interview Questions and Answers

Situation (S): In January 2023, our company’s sell revenue decreased for the lack of digital marketing. I enhanced social media marketing and customer service to improve revenue.

Task (T): My senior assigned me to improve social media marketing. My goal was to create a new marketing plan that increased the revenue.

Action (A):  I designed promotional content with product banners and shared them on Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp. Additionally, I motivated my digital marketing team to communicate with potential and existing customers regularly.

Result (R):  Finally, I improved by around $5 million in sell growth in February 2023. I also contributed to increasing followers for our social media pages. Now, we receive more orders from social media for the new marketing strategy.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers PDF

The author connects the Star interview questions and answers pdf for employees and managers. It helps applicants to prepare themselves for the interview sessions. You need to click on the following link to download the pdf format of Star interview questions and answers.

Questions and Answers PDF


Describe a situation when you handled massive stress in a workplace.


In my previous workplace, our senior officer left the job just one week before delivering a project to clients. The senior manager handled the project and was the chief of this project. The managing director instructed me to complete the project within the period. The tight deadline put massive pressure on me to handle the project. However, I called upon an international meeting with coworkers and divided the task again. I had to accept additional tasks from the senior officer who left the job. I put extra time into coping with the situation and finally achieved it. This crisis moment allowed me to explore that I can work under stressful situations. My dedication, commitment, plan, and hard work function perfectly.

STAR Interview Questions and Answers Preparation
  • The interviewee should remember situations that show good actions, especially skills, work experience, supervision, cooperation, planning, and customer satisfaction.
  • They should briefly explain the situation to answer the questions.
  • The interviewees must outline a story with a beginning, middle, and end. They must be ready to explain the situation following the task, action, and result.
  • They have to present results that reflect the applicant’s credibility positively.
  • Everyone must be honest while describing the story, even if the result is unfavorable. Do not make a fake story to enhance credibility.