Elements of Group Communication: 5 Elements or Components of Small Group Communications. 5 Elements of Small Group Communications: Goals, Members, Interaction, Interdependence, also Working.
Small group communication refers to the intercommunication among a small number of people who interact regularly to achieve an individual and common goal. It is also known as a small group discussion or interaction. However, group members need to overcome many stages, and conflicts to achieve the individual and group goal. According to Tuckman’s Theory, the five stages of group communication are forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. Additionally, the four types of barriers in group communication are ethnocentrism, stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.
Elements of Group Communication
Group elements are essential components to form an active group as well as achieve a common goal. An effective group must have to have or fulfil all elements to achieve a common understanding of an interdependent goal. There are many elements or components in group communications but the author is going to discuss 5 basic elements of small group communication for example Common goals, members, interaction, interdependence, and working.
5 Elements of Small Group Communication
The goal is the essential element of group communication because every group or team is intended to achieve a goal. A goal is a purpose or objective toward which the group work is directed therefore all members of the group are aware of achieving that goal. Actually, every group has its specific common goal or interdependent goal as well as the independent goal of the group members. The common goal has been selected by the opinions of group members.
Members are another essential element or component of the group. At least three (3) members can form a small group, and 18 is the maximum number. As groups grow larger, individual satisfaction with and commitment to the group often decrease. A Group can not be formed without members so every group must consist of some members. Members are the most important to form groups hence they have to follow some ethical principles in group communication.
Ethical Principles of Group Members
1. Group members should be willing to speak
2. Group members should embrace and work with diversity within the group
3. Group members should always treat one another with respect
4. Group members should be thorough in gathering information as well as diligent in evaluating it.
5. Group members must contribute their fair share to the group’s effort.
6. Group members must conduct themselves with honesty and integrity.
A social loafer refers to a person who makes a minimal contribution to the group and assumes the other members will take up the slack. The willingness by every group member to be a participant. The group member should be collaborative, cohesive behaviour, but not social lofting. Learning effective communication in groups is about not only what you can do in groups, but what you should do.
Interaction denotes communication among group members through verbal or nonverbal messages. Additionally, it will happen among group members intentionally or unintentionally through verbal or nonverbal cues.
Group is affected and influenced by the action of other members. Therefore, interdependence is an essential component of group communication to motivate team or group members.
Work is the physical or mental effort you use when trying to accomplish something. It is also one of the important elements of group communication in which the group goes ahead.