Group elements are essential elements for forming an active group as well as achieving a common goal. An effective group must have to have or fulfill all elements to achieve a common understanding of an interdependent goal. There are many elements or components in group communication but we are going to discuss five essential elements of a group such as Common goal, members, interaction, interdependence, and working.
Elements of Group
Five Essential Elements of Group Communication
1.Goals– A goal is a purpose or objective toward which, group work is directed. Every group has its specific common goal and all members are aware of achieving that goal. Usually, a common goal has been selected by the opinions of group members. So, the goal is the initial element of group communication.
2.Members-members are another essential element or component of the group. At least three (3) members. As groups grow larger, individual satisfaction with and commitment to the group often decrease. A Group can not be formed without members so every group must consist of some members. Members are the most important to form groups and they have some ethical principles in the group.
Ethical Principles of Group Members
1. Group members should be willing to speak
2. Group members should embrace and work with diversity within the group
3. Group members should always treat one another with respect
4. Group members should be thorough in gathering information and diligent in evaluating it.
5. Group members must contribute their fair share to the group’s effort
6. Group members must conduct themselves with honesty and integrity
Social loafer – a person who makes a minimal contribution to the group and assumes the other members will take up the slack. The willingness by every group member to be a participant. Collaborative, cohesive behavior, not social lofting. Learning effective communication in groups is about not only what you can do in groups, but what you should do.
3.Interaction – Communicate through verbal or nonverbal messages. The interaction will happen among group members intentionally or unintentionally through verbal or nonverbal cues.
4.Interdependence – Group is affected and influenced by the action of other members.
5.Working- Work is the physical or mental effort you use when trying to accomplish something.
List of Essential Elements of Group