News Values in Journalism- 11 News Values in Journalism Definition & Examples. Also, Elements of Newsworthiness and Values of a Journalist.
News Values in Journalism
News value in journalism refers to the significant elements of newsworthiness. Journalist focuses on maintaining news values to increase the newsworthiness. The news values in journalism are components that strongly affect newsworthiness; therefore, it is also known as the element of newsworthiness. The importance of news is a common principle that determines how media outlets give priority to the news story. The elements of newsworthiness set the importance of the news story.
The 11 news values in journalism are Proximity, Controversy, Personal Influence, Suitability, Impact, Bizarre, Human-Interest, Timeliness, Progress, Genuineness, and Completeness. These elements of newsworthiness determine whether the news is necessary or not for the readers. Therefore, they are also called determinants of news. However, the media practitioners focus on these elements to increase the value of the news long ago.
Print journalism is one of the primary forms of journalism in mass media following broadcast and online journalism. It has different forms of journalism: art journalism, investigative journalism, sports journalism, and yellow journalism. The journalists focus on news value to collect and publish news through newspapers. The news value in journalism has become a crucial factor to justify the importance of the news story.
Journalism News Values or Elements of Newsworthiness
The 11 News Values in Journalism are:
- Personal influence
- Human Interest
1. Proximity News Value
Proximity refers to the area of the event where the incident takes place. It also indicates the location of the news event. Proximity is one of the significant news values in journalism. The proximity or location of the news event affects the value of news. The more closure of the place, the more interested in reading the information. The readers feel more excited to read the news story if it occurred near them. So, proximity affects newsworthiness positively; hence, it is a significant element of newsworthiness.
For example, “Water pollution problem in Johor Bahru.”
2. Controversy News Value
Controversy means a conflict news story that adds newsworthiness. It is also known as disagreement of the news event: the more controversial the news, the more critical the report to the readers. Controversy attracts the audiences to read the information, which adds sensation to the news story. People are always eager to identify the truth behind the conflict. So, controversy is another crucial news value in journalism or element of newsworthiness.
For example, the BJP minister says that the Taj Mahal was a Shiva temple long ago. Malaysia Airlines flight MH370: explaining media controversy.
3. Personal Influence Value
Personal influence refers to the prominence of the person to the newsworthiness. A famous person always plays a significant role in increasing the news value. Therefore, media cover well-known person’s news, including politicians, sportsperson, and celebrities. The audiences feel a close connection with their idol people. For example, the followers of Lionel Messi, also a famous football player, will read any news related to Messi. The widest of the personal prominence, the most value the news.
For Example, Athletic, Artist, and Politician
4. Suitability News Value
Suitability denotes the involvement of the public in the topics. The news story is more newsworthy if more people are involved with the issue. It is also known as the much-talked issue in the country. The more people involved, the more value the news in journalism.
For example, around 30,000 students of University Putra Malaysia have registered for vaccines.
Also, “Many were killed in the crash, 1 million youths gathered in Putrajaya.”
5. Impact News Value
Impact refers to the physical influence of news writing on the audience. The impact affects the value of news significantly to attract audiences. The more people engaged in the news, add more importance of the topic. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic has been the most relevant issue to attract people to read any updated news related to the topic. Therefore, News media feel interested in covering any news related to the coronavirus. It has a significant impact on audiences.
For example, “Price hiking and the COVID-19 pandemic.”
6. Bizarre News Value
Bizzare is a significant element to increase the value of the news. Bizzare means strange, and naturally, people like to read, watch and talk about weird issues. Therefore, journalists publish strange events to attract audiences. It added value to the news and boosted circulation.
For Example, “Africa’s Real-Life Mowgli Loves to Live Amid Trees.”
7. Human-Interest News Value
Human-interest news stories get attention from a massive number of people automatically. It includes the much-talked event and issues of the country. Internation topics have also become human-interest stories due to globalization. For example, during the FIFA world cup, people from around the world talk about Football everywhere. So, journalists think carefully about picking a news topic to get more viewers.
For example. “Euro Cup 2021 final date and match time.”
8. Timeliness (Fast News) News Value
Definition of Timeliness in Journalism
Timeliness in journalism means providing information to the audience quickly. The quicker the news broadcasted, the more important getting to the audiences. Journalists want to publish news as soon as possible to increase the corporate reputation of the media outlet. The audience gives more value to the mass media outlet that disseminates the news first.
Timeliness is an occasion that enhances the value of news. People do not like to read the same news repeatedly; therefore, news outlets show interest in disseminating information as soon as possible. It is related to current and ongoing events. For example, many newspapers publish news regarding Olympic issues when the event is ongoing. Newspapers will not be interested in publishing news related to the Olympic games when the event is ended.
For example, in May 2021, many passengers were injured due to the LRT crash. Many news outlets cover the news to get the audience’s attention. However, people give more importance to those newspaper published the news quickly. For example, “Malaysia LRT crash: Train was driven in wrong direction, 6 critically injured”.
9. Progress News Value
The progress news in journalism refers to the sensational update of the current news or events that journalist focuses on to attract more audiences. It adds massive value to the news story to attract the audience. Progress news is always attractive to the audience for its advancement. The progress news is delivered through press conferences and seminars.
For example, the health ministry disseminates the updated number of the total COVID-19 affected patient through the press conference. So, it is an example of a progress news story.
10 Genuineness News Value
Genuine news means an authentic story collected from a trustable source. People always want to know the fact of the news. The audience determines the authenticity of the news through the genuine witness and trustworthy source of the news.
For example, according to the WHO, 192 million people have been affected by the coronavirus, and 4.13 people have died. Most people will believe this news as the World Health Organization (WHO) disseminates the information via press conference.
11. Completeness News Value
Complete news includes 5Ws and 1 H news writing methods. The five Ws and one H rules of report writing denote the who, what, when, where, why, and how. A journalist should find all these questions’ answers to make the report comprehensive to the audience. People do not like incomplete news and ambiguous information. Therefore, every reporter must focus on the 5W and 1 H reporting strategies to make the report more attractive and accepted by the readers.
In conclusion, every reporter needs to follow these four significant elements to make the news more attractive to the audience.
12. Negativeness News Value
Negative news spreads faster than positive. People discuss and share negative events more than ordinary news. Negative news occurs for a short term period than positive news. Netizens share this type of news on social media excessively. Therefore, negative news goes viral quickly.
For example, “Drunk singer smashes neighbor car drastically.”
The 12 news values in journalism are Proximity, Controversy, Personal Influence, Suitability, Impact, Bizarre, Human-Interest, Timeliness, Progress, Genuineness, and Completeness that increase the newsworthiness. Apart from them, the additional news values in journalism are romance, crime, and technology.