Types of Listening: Discriminative Listening, Comprehensive Listening, Empathic Listening, Analytical Listening, Appreciative Listening.
The Essence of LISTENING
- Listening involves hearing and interpreting.
- Active process of listening: Listening is the ability to receive, select, interpret, understand, evaluate, respect and appropriately respond to the meaning of another person’s spoken and nonverbal messages.
- We spend an enormous amount of time listening (40 – 70%), speaking (20 – 35%), reading (10 – 20%), writing (5 – 15%).
Types of Listening:
Here are five types of listening
1. Discriminative Listening (Differentiate Sounds)
2. Comprehensive Listening (Understanding the Meaning of message)
3. Empathic Listening (understanding the feeling and emotions of the speaker)
4. Analytical Listening (Evaluate the meaning of message based on evidence)
5. Appreciative Listening (Seeking certain information)
1. Discriminative Listening:
It is the most basic type of listening, where different sounds of words are recognized without understanding the meaning. Discriminative listening is fundamental listening. Discriminative Listening means the interpretation of sounds rather than the meaning of words and ideas. It involves hearing only the sound rather than listening to the meaning of the message.
For Example, The sound may anger, happiness, or other forms, People start to learn this listening form the womb of mothers.
2. Comprehensive Listening:
Comprehensive Listening is the understanding of the meaning of the message, and little more of seeking the meaning of the message. It is the initial process of meaning of the messages, thoughts, ideas, and opinions. Audiences use knowledge and vocabulary to understand the speaker.
For example, what brand name comes to your mind when talking about soft drinks? Most of them answer Coca Cola or Pepsi. Based on cognitive skill.
Discriminative Listening versus Comprehensive Listening
|Discriminative Listening||Comprehensive Listening|
|Translating sounds into words and sentences||Making meaning out of words and sentences|
|Assuming meaning from tone and body language||Using knowledge and vocabulary to understand the speaker|
|Hearing but not really listening||Listening rather than just hearing|
3. Empathic Listening:
Empathic listening is understood as the feeling and emotions of the speaker sometimes the listener can actually feel what the speaker is feeling. This listening needs good close attention, discriminative listening, comprehensive listening and deep connection with the emotion of the speakers.
For example, Audiences are thinking about the same things that the speaker thinking.
4. Analytical Listening
Analytical Listening means focusing on evaluating and forming the appropriate meaning of the message based on evidence. It is related to critical thinking and analysis. Evaluate if speakers are right or wrong, logical or illogical. Analytical listeners understand why they accept or reject another member’s ideas and suggestions.
For example, Speakers are showing a statistical report to persuade audiences. Sometimes, audiences argue with others for better understanding.
5. Appreciative Listening
Appreciative listening is a type of listening behavior where the listener seeks certain information which they will appreciate and meet his or her needs and goals.
For example, Listening favorite song, poetry and seeking the stirring words of the speech.