Listening Style: People-Oriented, Content-Oriented, Action-Oriented, and Time-Oriented Listening

Listening Style or PACT Listening: People-oriented listeners, content-oriented listening, action-oriented listening, and time-oriented listening. Four types of Listeners.

The Listener Preference Acronym PACT represents the four types of listening preferences presented. The four types of listening style are People-oriented listeners, content-oriented listening, action-oriented listening, and time-oriented listening.

Four types of Listening Style:

  1. People-oriented listeners
  2. Action-oriented listeners
  3. Content-Oriented Listeners
  4. Time-Oriented Listeners
  1. People-oriented listeners

Listeners demonstrate people-oriented preferences when they show care and concern for others’ feelings, emotional and try to find areas of common interest. Listeners are very Sensitive to others. They try to find areas of interest between themselves and the speaker—telling a personal story to calm down members who may be upset and angry. These kinds of listeners may also become distracted by others’ problems. They may engage in too many side conversations during meetings.

For example, an audience is crying for listening to the pathetic history of Mother Teresa.

Strategies for Communicating with People-Oriented Listeners: Use emotional examples and appeals, Use “we” rather than “I” in conversations.

2. Action-oriented listeners:

Listeners demonstrate action-oriented preferences when they jump ahead to get the point quickly. They give clear feedback concerning expectations. They also encourage others to be organized and concise. Less likely to pay attention to the relational communication dimension of a message

Strategies for Communicating with Action-Oriented Listeners: Keep main points to three or fewer, Speak at a rapid but controlled rate.

3. Content-Oriented Listeners:

Listeners demonstrate content-oriented preferences when they test or evaluate facts and evidence. They pay more attention to technical information rather than general information. Content-Oriented Listeners enjoy receiving complex or challenging information. They are very careful to evaluate information before forming an opinion about the information by asking questions.

For example, an audience just raises his hand and asks the speaker that may we have an example regarding this issue.

Strategies for Communicating with content-oriented Listeners: Use two-side arguments when possible.

4. Time-Oriented Listeners:  

Listeners demonstrate time-oriented preferences when they let others know how much time they have to listen or tell others how long they have to meet.

For Example: Manage and save time, Set time guidelines for meetings and conversations, Discourage wordy speakers, Give cues to others when time is being wasted.

Strategies for Communicating with Time-Oriented Listeners:  Ask how much time the person has to listen

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Types of Listening: Discriminative, Comprehensive, Empathic, Analytical, & Appreciative Listening

Types of Listening: Discriminative Listening, Comprehensive Listening, Empathic Listening, Analytical Listening, Appreciative Listening.

The Essence of LISTENING
  • Listening involves hearing and interpreting.
  • Active process of listening: Listening is the ability to receive, select, interpret, understand, evaluate, respect and appropriately respond to the meaning of another person’s spoken and nonverbal messages.
  • We spend an enormous amount of time listening (40 – 70%), speaking (20 – 35%), reading (10 – 20%), writing (5 – 15%).

Types of Listening: 

Here are five types of listening

1. Discriminative Listening (Differentiate Sounds)

2. Comprehensive Listening (Understanding the Meaning of message)

3. Empathic Listening (understanding the feeling and emotions of the speaker)

4. Analytical Listening  (Evaluate the meaning of message based on evidence)

5. Appreciative Listening  (Seeking certain information)

1. Discriminative Listening:

It is the most basic type of listening, where different sounds of words are recognized without understanding the meaning. Discriminative listening is fundamental listening. Discriminative Listening means the interpretation of sounds rather than the meaning of words and ideas. It involves hearing only the sound rather than listening to the meaning of the message.

For Example, The sound may anger, happiness, or other forms, People start to learn this listening form the womb of mothers.

2. Comprehensive Listening:

Comprehensive Listening is the understanding of the meaning of the message, and little more of seeking the meaning of the message. It is the initial process of meaning of the messages, thoughts, ideas, and opinions. Audiences use knowledge and vocabulary to understand the speaker.

For example, what brand name comes to your mind when talking about soft drinks? Most of them answer Coca Cola or Pepsi. Based on cognitive skill.

Discriminative Listening versus Comprehensive Listening
Discriminative ListeningComprehensive Listening
Translating sounds into words and sentencesMaking meaning out of words and sentences
Assuming meaning from tone and body languageUsing knowledge and vocabulary to understand the speaker
Hearing but not really listeningListening rather than just hearing

3. Empathic Listening:

Empathic listening is understood as the feeling and emotions of the speaker sometimes the listener can actually feel what the speaker is feeling. This listening needs good close attention, discriminative listening, comprehensive listening and deep connection with the emotion of the speakers.

For example, Audiences are thinking about the same things that the speaker thinking.

4. Analytical Listening

Analytical Listening means focusing on evaluating and forming the appropriate meaning of the message based on evidence. It is related to critical thinking and analysis. Evaluate if speakers are right or wrong, logical or illogical. Analytical listeners understand why they accept or reject another member’s ideas and suggestions.

For example, Speakers are showing a statistical report to persuade audiences. Sometimes, audiences argue with others for better understanding.

5. Appreciative Listening

Appreciative listening is a type of listening behavior where the listener seeks certain information which they will appreciate and meet his or her needs and goals.

For example, Listening favorite song, poetry and seeking the stirring words of the speech.

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Awami League New Committee 2019: All Presidents and General Secretaries List From 1949 To Present

Awami League Committee 2019 List: All Presidents and General Secretaries List from 1949. Bangladesh Awami League Central Full-Fledged Committee 2019 list. Bangladesh Awami League National Council 2019. The President, Secretary and Member List of Awami League New Committee 2019. List of All Presidents and General Secretaries of Bangladesh Awami League from 1949 to present.

Bangladesh Awami league:

Bangladesh Awami League is one of the biggest and prominent political party in Bangladesh. It was established by the father of the nation Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, Shawkat Ali, Yar Mohammad Khan, and, Shamsul Huq. Bangladesh Awami League is also known as Awami League or AL. In 1949, the Awami League was established in Rose Garden Palace. Rose Garden Palace is the birthplace of the Awami League. When Bangladesh Awami League got birth the name was Pakistan Awami Muslim League. In 1949, Bangladesh was part of Pakistan and then it was East Pakistan.

The founder President of the Bangladesh Awami League is Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani. The founder general secretary of Bangladesh Awami League is Yar Mohammad Khan and Shamsul Huq. The Awami League Political party had split from Awami Muslim League in 1953. Along with other leaders, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman renamed to make this political party secular.

Bangladesh Awami League Council 2019:

Bangladesh Awami League’s 21st national council organized in the historic Suhrawardy Udyan on 20 December 2019. The president of AL also prime minister of the people’s republic of Bangladesh inaugurated the two-day congregation. It is estimated that Around 5,000 special guests, 7,500 councilors, and, 15,000 delegates, presented in the council 2019. Bangladesh Awami league invited all other political leaders except Jamaat-e-Islami. They also invited all diplomats in Dhaka. 

Bangladesh Awami League Central Full-Fledged Committee 2019 list


PostOld FacesNew Faces
PresidentSheikh Hasina

Presidium member

1. Sajeda Chowdhury

2. Sheikh Fazlul Karim Selim

3. Matia Chowdhury

4. Mohammad Nasim

5. Kazi Zafar Ullah

6. Advocate Sahara Khatun

7. Engineer Mosharraf Hossain

8. Syed Ashraful Islam

9. Pijush Kanti Bhattacharya

10. Nurul Islam Nahid

11. Dr Md Abdur Razzak

12. Lt Col (retd) Muhammad Faruq Khan

13. Ramesh Chandra Sen

14. Advocate Abdul Mannan Khan

15. Advocate Abdul Matin Khasru

16. Shahjahan Khan

17. Jahangir Kabir Nanak

18. Abdur Rahman

General SecretaryObaidul Quader
Joint General Secretary 

1. Mahbubul Hanif

2. Dipu Moni

3. Dr Hasan Mahmud

4. AFM Bahauddin Nas

Organizational Secretary1. Ahmed Hossain

2. BM Mozammel Hoque

3. Abu Sayeed Al Mahmud Swapan

4. SM Kamal

5. Mirza Azam

Advocate Afzal Hossain

Shafiul Alam Chowdhury Nadel

International Affairs Secretary Shammi Ahmed
Law SecretaryNajibullah Hiru
Office SecretaryBar Biplob Barua
Publication SecretaryAbdus Sobhan Golap
Women’s Affairs SecretaryMeher Afroze Chumki
Finance secretaryBegum Waseqa Ayesha Khan
Information and research secretaryDr Selim Mahmud
Labor and employment affairs secretaryHabibur Rahman Siraz
Deputy office secretarySayem Khan
Deputy publication’s secretary.Aminul Islam Amin
Members of the executive committee
  1. Abul Hasnat Abdullah
  2. Mofazzal Hossain Chowhdury Maya
  3. Quamrul Islam, Mostafa Jalal Mohiuddin
  4. KM Jahangir
  5. Nurul Islam Thandu
  6. Badaruddin Ahmed Kamran
  7. Dipangkar Talukder
  8. Amirul Alam Milon
  9. Akhter Jahan
  10. Dr Mushfique
  11. Riazul Kabir Kausar
  12. Merina Jaman Kabita
  13. Parvin Jaman Kalpana
  14. Hosne Ara Lutfa Dalia
  15. Advocate Safura Khatun
  16. Advocate Sanjida Khanom
  17. Anwar Hossain, Anisur Rahman
  18. Sahabuddin Farazi
  19. Iqbal Hossain Apu
  20. Golam Rabbani Chinu
  21. Marufa Akhter Popy
  22. Remand Areng
  23. Gloria Sarker Jharna.



List of All Presidents and General Secretaries of Bangladesh Awami League from 1949 to present:



 YearPresidentGeneral Secretary
123 June 1949 – 3 July 1953Abdul Hamid Khan BhashaniShamsul Huq
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman(Acting)
23 July 1953 – 21 October 1955Abdul Hamid Khan BhashaniSheikh Mujibur Rahman
321 October 1955–13 June 1957Abdul Hamid Khan BhashaniSheikh Mujibur Rahman
413 June 1957- 6 March 1964Abdur Rashid TarkabagishSheikh Mujibur Rahman
56 March 1964- 18 March 1966Abdur Rashid TarkabagishSheikh Mujibur Rahman
618 march 1966-19 October 1968Sheikh Mujibur RahmanTajuddin Ahmad
719 October 1968- 4 June 1970Sheikh Mujibur RahmanTajuddin Ahmad
84 June 1970- 7 April 1972Sheikh Mujibur RahmanTajuddin Ahmad
97 April 1972- 18 January 1974Sheikh Mujibur RahmanZillur Rahman
1018 January 1974- 3 April 1977Muhammad QamaruzzamanTajuddin Ahmad
113 April 1977- 3 March 1978Syeda Zohra Tajuddin (Convenor)None
123 March 1978- 14 February 1981Abdul Malek UkilAbdur Razzaq
1314 February 1981- 1 January 1987Sheikh HasinaAbdur Razzaq
141 January 1987- 19 October 1992Sheikh HasinaSyeda Sajeda Chowdhury
1519 October 1992- 6 May 1997Sheikh HasinaZillur Rahman
166 May 1997- 2022Sheikh HasinaZillur Rahman
172002- 28 July 2009Sheikh HasinaAbdul Jalil
1828 July 2009- 29 December 2012Sheikh HasinaSayed Ashraful Islam
1929 December 2012- 22 October 2016Sheikh HasinaSayed Ashraful Islam
2022 October 2016- 20 December 2019Sheikh HasinaObaidul Quader
2120 December 2019Sheikh HasinaObaidul Quader
22Sheikh Hasina
23Sheikh Hasina

Note: This Date Has Been Counted From The First Day Of  Council.


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