Bangladesh Quota Reform Protests Movement Updated News

Bangladesh Quota Reform Protests Movement Updated News 2024. The author collects updated news from different news channels regarding the Quota Reform Protests Movement in Bangladesh and updates them here.

Bangladesh Quota Reform Protests Movement Updated News

Sunday and Monday are announced as general holidays

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 5:15 PM

Due to the current situation in the country, Sunday and Monday have been declared a general holiday across the country by executive order.

The Ministry of Public Administration issued a notification about this on Saturday (July 20).

During this time, government, semi-government, private and autonomous institutions will remain closed.

Ministry's public relations officer Abdullah Shibli Sadiq told BBC Bengal this information.

However, essential services such as electricity, water, gas and other fuels, fire services, ports and cleaning activities, including telephone, internet and postal services and the vehicles and workers engaged in these related services will be excluded.

Hospitals, medical facilities and offices engaged in emergency work are also excluded from this declaration.

Apart from this, the Supreme Court will give instructions regarding the Bangladesh Bank and the courts regarding the banks.

Earlier, the Garment Owners Association BGMEA announced that all their factories will be closed on Sunday.

The curfew issued in the country to deal with the violent situation that has been going on for the past few days will remain in force till 10 am on Sunday, the government has announced.

When the internet connection will return - no one knows

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 4:35 PM

Although Bangladesh has been cut off from internet connection for more than 45 hours, it is not possible to say for sure when this service will be available again.

All forms of internet connectivity are down in the country.

BTRC Chairman Mohiuddin Ahmed said that the work of re-connecting and repairing damaged data center and transmission line is going on in BTRC building in Mohakhali, Dhaka.

About the chairman, the public relations officer of the institution Noor A Khawaja said that the work is underway to restore the internet connection to normal condition. So far the work has progressed well.

Mobile internet services are also down despite authorities talking about transmission lines.

There was no clear message as to when internet connectivity would be restored.

At least five more people died in the violence on Saturday

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:55 PM

It is reported that at least four people have been killed in clashes between protesters and the police in Jatrabari area of ​​Dhaka. The bodies of the four deceased have been kept in the Dhaka Medical College Hospital morgue.

Medical sources told the BBC that the bodies of the four came from the Jatrabari area.

During curfew on Saturday, the law and order forces in Jatrabari area chased and counter-chased the protestors.

Meanwhile, one person died in the violence in Savar on Saturday afternoon. At least 20 people have been treated at a local hospital in that incident.

In the morning, BBB correspondent saw police firing tearshells and rubber bullets in Rampura, Banshri area as well.

In this incident, the injured were taken to different hospitals for treatment.

Stateside will seek annulment of High Court verdict: Attorney General

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:50 PM

The state party will want to quash the verdict given by the High Court on the quota reform as it is 'not legal'. Attorney General Aminuddin Manik told BBC Bangla this information.

The full bench of the Supreme Court is scheduled to hear the appeal against the verdict at 10 am on Sunday.

The circular issued by the government canceling the quota in government jobs, after hearing a writ, was declared invalid by the High Court on June 5.

However, since then, protests against the verdict have started. Hundreds of people have died in clashes and violence in the last few days. Curfew was imposed and army deployed to control the situation.

The law minister said that the hearing of the appeal against the verdict was earlier scheduled for August 8, but it has been brought forward on the request of the government.

Where is Nahid Islam, one of the coordinators of the quota movement?

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:40 PM

Nahid Islam, one of the coordinators of the Kota Movement, has not been confirmed as to his whereabouts.

The family has contacted the law enforcement agencies, but the whereabouts of Nahid Islam are still unknown.

Nahid Islam was at his friend's house in the Nandipara area of ​​Khilgaon on Friday.

On the condition of anonymity, Nahid's friend told BBC Bangla, "At around 2:30 a.m., a group of law enforcement forces came down to Nahid's house voluntarily." He also said that there were white-clothed detectives there.

His friend immediately informed the family of Nahid Islam. Later, the family tried to find out its whereabouts.

Mr. Badrul Islam, Islam's father, told BBC Bangla, "Since we came to know, we have searched in various places, including the police station. But we still don't know where he is."

Dhaka Metropolitan Police also does not know about the whereabouts of Nahid Islam.

DMP's DC Media Farooq Hossain told BBC that they do not know anything about the detention of Nahid Islam.

Clash in Savar, one dead

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:30 PM

Between 12:30 pm and 2 am on Saturday, agitators clashed with police and Chhatra League workers in the Savar bus stand area.

Local journalist Shamsuzzaman Shams said that one person was killed in the clash that had been going on for an hour and a half between Razzak Plaza and Radio Colony in that area. At least 15 others were injured.

Local journalist Shamsuzzaman Shams told BBC from Enam Medical College Hospital in Savar at around 3:30 p.m. on Saturday, one injured person had been taken to the ICU and many more injured are still being brought to the hospital.

Pragati Sarani along with Newbazar-Bada is uninhabited

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:12 PM

The situation in the capital's Pragati Sarani was seen on Saturday too. Even as the day progressed, there was no normality in the movement of citizens. Rather, people who left their homes for urgent needs were seen suffering. Confusion of people was seen in different lanes of Nabunbazar-Bada-Rampura. But the law and order forces did not allow them to take position on the main road. At many places, empty bullets and tear shells were seen entering the streets. At around noon, the BBC reporter saw the policemen entering different lanes of the Gulshan-Bada Link Road and firing blank bullets. At that time, the position of the army was not seen there. Several pedestrians who were walking in isolation along the main road were seen being chased away by baton charges. Around 1 p.m., a close-up picture was also seen in the new market of the capital. If anyone tried to move there along the main road, they were seen to be removed.

Army personnel were seen on both sides of the American Embassy.

However, they were conducting search operations from a specific location. The agitators tried to take a stand on the main road in some places of Rampura. A police officer who was there told BBC Bangla that the road had to be cleared and moved forward. It would have been easy to control the situation completely if the road was favorable for traffic. He claimed that the police are playing an active role in suppressing the movement from place to place. A person who came out in need of emergency treatment told BBC Bangla, I don't know when the situation will be normal. On the way from Rampura to Nabinbazar on foot, he said that he was stopped at various places. Signs of vandalism and fire all over Pragati Sarani. There were burnt vehicles, metal road dividers, bullet shells and pieces of bricks lying everywhere. When the correspondent of BBC Bengal was leaving the place, the members of the law and order forces were seen sitting on the side of the road preparing for lunch.

BNP leader Nazrul Islam Khan arrested

Date & Time: 20 July, 2024, 3:05 PM

BNP National Standing Committee member Nazrul Islam Khan was arrested by the detective police on Saturday morning from his Banani DOHS residence.

This news has been confirmed by the BNP Chairperson's press wing.

Secretary General of the party Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir has expressed concern over the incident and demanded his immediate release, said Shairul Kabir Khan, press wing officer of the chairperson.

Prime Minister's two foreign visits cancelled

Date & Time:20 July, 2024, 2:45 PM

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's previously scheduled visit to Spain and Brazil has been canceled. Prime Minister's Deputy Press Secretary Imrul Kayes said that the announcement came from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Friday.

He said that the Prime Minister has taken this decision considering the current situation arising in the country regarding the quota reform movement.

The Prime Minister was scheduled to visit Spain from July 21 to 23 and from there to Brazil from July 24 to 27

In Friday's violence, 56 people were killed across the country, hundreds of deaths in three days

Curfew and army deployment across the country - thus Ittefaq made headlines.

According to the news, the curfew will run from noon on Friday to noon on Saturday in the first phase. In the second phase, this curfew will be in force from 2 pm on Saturday to 10 am on Sunday.

On Friday night, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina decided to deploy the army after a meeting with the leaders of the 14-party alliance and senior officials of the law enforcement agencies.

Top headlines of the day: 56 killed in violence, curfew imposed. At least 100 people have died across the country in three days of violence on Wednesday, according to news reports.

Among them, at least 44 people died in violence in Dhaka alone on Friday.

In response to the question of how long the curfew that has been issued since Friday night will last, Dhaka Metropolitan Police Commissioner Habibur Rahman said that the curfew will continue until the situation calms down.

Another contemporary headline is, 'Fire in numerous government buildings in districts'. According to the report, many government offices and vehicles were attacked, vandalized, and set on fire on Friday due to the ongoing protests against the quota reform movement.

Agitating students and BNP-Jamaat activists clashed with police-BGB at various places. Police, RAB, BGB members, and common people are among the injured.

The image of curfew seen in Dhaka on Saturday

The presence of people on the streets of Dhaka on Saturday morning was much less than usual after a curfew was imposed. A handful of shops were seen open in some areas.

The morning scene at the capital's caravan market was much like any other day. Traders of daily commodities including vegetables and fish were seen sitting in the market since morning.

In various areas, people on the roads were much less than usual.

There were only a handful of cars on the road, hardly any vehicles besides media cars, ambulances, or law enforcement vehicles. There were no CNG-powered autorickshaws on the streets either.

However, rickshaws were seen plying in all areas.

Since morning, no procession or assembly was seen anywhere in Dhaka's Dhanmondi, Mohammadpur, Mirpur, Paltan, Rajarbagh, Moghbazar, Hatirjheel, and Badda areas.

However, the BBC correspondent saw protesters gathering at one place blocking the road near the Khilgao rail gate near Rampura. At that time many of the protestors were seen holding sticks and rods.

Traces of the previous day's violence were seen on the streets at various places including Dhanmondi, and Mohammadpur. Pieces of bricks and broken rods of road dividers were scattered everywhere on the road.

Wrecks of burnt vehicles were seen on the roads at various places in Mohammadpur, Rampura, and Mahakhali.

Army positions were seen around Shahbagh, Mahakhali, and Sangsad Bhavan. Army personnel can be seen checking the identity cards of rickshaws and car passengers passing through those places.

The BBC correspondent saw the check post of army personnel on the road in front of Shaheen College, Manik Mia Avenue, Mirpur No. 10 Gol Chatwar area of ​​Dhaka. They were checking all the vehicles by stopping them.

There was a curfew break from 12 pm to 2 am. After that, the curfew started again, which will continue till 10 am on Sunday.

More than 800 convicts escaped after the attack on Narsingdi jail

After the attack on the Narsingdi jail, more than 800 inmates escaped, prison officials said.

Thousands of people attacked the Narsingdi Jail around 5:30 PM. 826 inmates escaped when they started breaking down the prison doors and lockups.

Among them, two were JMB women prisoners and seven were Ansar al-Islam prisoners. Besides, it is said that more than four hundred BNP and its affiliated organizations were prisoners.

Narsingdi Jail Superintendent Mohammad Abul Kalam Azad said that the rampage took place inside the prison from 5:15 pm to 10:00 pm on Friday.

“The conditions inside were terrible. They were vandalizing whatever they could get. We were hostages. Later the prisoners helped us to escape. We somehow changed clothes and came out in civilian dress. Any longer would have killed us,” he said.

Mr. Azad said that since Friday morning, a massive rally and procession has been going on in Narsingdi based on the quota reform movement.

At one point several thousand people started marching towards Jail Khana Bhawan in the Velanagar area around 4 pm.

They had indigenous weapons including sticks, hockey sticks, ram da, and pistols. At one point around quarter past they broke the lock of the main gate with a hammer and started entering.

Meanwhile, panic spread throughout the prison. The miscreants ransacked inside and took away their weapons from the jail staff. Then they entered and started breaking the lock-up one by one.

Research Paper Abstract Example APA

Research Paper Abstract Example APA. Examples of an Abstract for a Research Paper in APA

APA-Style Abstract

The APA-style abstract of a research paper refers to the executive summary of the entire research project within 250 words including research background, procedures, aims, results, and significance. An APA-style abstract illustrates a summary of the study within 150 to 250 words. It is a concise paragraph of a complete research project. The APA style comprises 12 Times New Roman fonts using single-spaced and aligned to the left at the top of the page. An abstract is the most important part of the research paper or proposal to attract the leaders to read the entire article. The abstract of a research paper or proposal is known as an executive summary of the study.

The readers are lecturers, supervisors, co-supervisors, members of the supervisor panel, students, researchers, and practitioners. A good abstract attracts the readers to read the entire study. It outlines the key findings of the research topic before reading the full manuscripts.

Elements of a Research Paper Abstract APA

The five key elements of writing an APA-style abstract for a research paper or proposal are background, objective, method with tools, findings, and significance. The students or researchers must include these five components in the abstract to explain the executive summary of entire documents.

Background: It is a simple opening sentence that includes the background of the study and context. Sometimes, it also presents the problem statements of the thesis.

Objective: It illustrates the aim of the study within one or two sentences. It also demonstrates why this study is important.

Method(s) with Tools: It explains what type of method will be used to conduct the research within one or two sentences. Researchers must mention tools utilized for data analysis within one sentence. For example, SPSS, PLS-SEM, CB-SEM.

Findings: It demonstrates the results of studies indicating the accomplishment of research projects.

Significance: The concluding sentence highlights the positive consequences of the results within one sentence. It also indicates how the results will be used theoretically and practically.

Characteristics of a Good Abstract For Research Paper

A good abstract answers the following questions:

  1. Why do you want to conduct this study or research?
  2. How do you want to complete this study or research?
  3. What do you want to find from this study?
  4. Where do you want to use the findings of the study?
  5. Who are the respondents or participants of this research if necessary?

An ideal abstract follows an inverted pyramid style of writing that answers why, what, how, where, and who questions. The answers represent the six key elements of the research paper including background, objective, method(s), tools, findings, and conclusion. It is a bad idea to merely copy the sentences from the article or proposal and put them in the abstract section. The researchers must paraphrase the sentences and write accurate and concise information. Additionally, you have to proofread the manuscript to fix grammatical errors, spelling, and punctuation. Finally, you must follow the simple present and past tense when writing the abstract.

Example of abstract for research paper APA
Research Paper Abstract Example and Sample APA

How To Write an APA Abstract for a Research Paper or Proposal


Social media have been indispensable communication channels for sharing and consuming news. The evolution of social media platforms has boosted digital journalism practice globally.


This study intends to examine factors influencing social media engagement to practice citizen journalism by adopting a prominent technology adoption model unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT).

Method(s) with Tools:

The researchers designed online survey questionnaires and distributed them among university students through Google Forms to collect data, where 301 valid samples were collected. The structural equation modeling (SEM- PLS) approach was utilized to ascertain the presented model based on the empirical data found from respondents.


The findings show performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence significantly affect social media users' practice of citizen journalism. The results indicate that social media engagement significantly influenced citizen journalism practice.


This study is of great significance to scholars and practitioners, especially digital journalists, and content created. Emphasized limitations and suggestions for future research. People practice citizen journalism on social media sites to report real-time news, entertain friends, educate people, and shape public opinion.

Research Paper Abstract Writing Example APA

The following example assists readers in writing a good APA-style abstract for a research paper or proposal. The authors demonstrate a few examples of abstracts for research papers in APA style. These APA-style abstracts are collected from master in science by research and PhD students from the University of Putra Malaysia, the University of Malaysia, and the National University of Singapore.

Example of Abstract for Research Paper APA-1

Research Paper Title: Examination of the Relationship between Social Media Engagement and Citizen Journalism Practice.

Social media have been indispensable communication channels for sharing and consuming news. The evolution of social media platforms has boosted digital journalism practice globally. This study intends to examine factors influencing social media engagement to practice citizen journalism by adopting a prominent technology adoption model unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT). The researchers designed online survey questionnaires and distributed them among university students through Google Forms to collect data, where 301 valid samples were collected. The structural equation modeling (SEM- PLS) approach was utilized to ascertain the presented model based on the empirical data found from respondents. The findings show performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence significantly affect social media users' practice of citizen journalism. The results indicate that social media engagement significantly influenced citizen journalism practice. This study is of great significance to scholars and practitioners, especially digital journalists, and content creator emphasized limitations and suggestions for future research.

Keywords: Social Media, Engagement, Citizen Journalism, UTAUT, Online news.

Sample Abstract for Research Paper APA

The author has collected the following abstract from an empirical article published in the Wiley Online Library. It is a perfect example to write a research paper abstract in APA style. The research title is: "Artificial intelligence adoption among Human Resource Professionals: Does market turbulence play a role?"

Apa Style Abstract Example
Abstract Writing Example Adopted From Wiley Online Library

Background and Objective of the research

Drawing from the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and Technology- Organization-Environment (TOE) framework, this study investigates the factors that influence the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) among human resource (HR) professionals in the tourism organizations of Malaysia.

Method(s) with Tools and Findings

Responses were collected from 389 HR employees working at tourism organizations. Based on a partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis, results revealed that perceived ease of use, usefulness, technology competency, top management support, and competitive pressure have significantly positive impacts on AI adoption in the tourism industry in Malaysia.

The study’s contribution to the TAM and TOE models is the inclusion of market turbulence as a moderating factor, which is a significant moderator as it enhances the understanding of HR practitioners and others regarding the factors most influential in AI adoption among HR employees in the tourism industry.

Significance of the Study

The model developed in this study highlights how market turbulence can foster the relationship between AI adoption and organizations. In addition to the managerial and theoretical implications, the study discusses its limitations and outlines directions for future research.

Research Paper Abstract Example APA-2

Research Title: Green Innovation and Firm Efficiency in China's Automotive and Energy Sector: The Moderating Role of Environmental Governance

Abstract: This study examines the mediating role of environmental governance in the relationship between green innovation and firm efficiency, particularly technical efficiency, in the automotive and energy industries. With increasing pressures to adopt sustainable practices, industries are urged to innovate while also adhering to environmental policies. This research employs a quantitative methodology, analyzing data from prominent automotive and energy companies to assess how green innovation influences firm efficiency through environmental governance mechanisms. Preliminary analyses suggest a significant mediating role of environmental governance, which could guide companies in strategic planning and policy formulation. This study aims to contribute to both theoretical frameworks in environmental accounting and practical applications in industry governance.

Examples of an Abstract for a Research Paper in APA-3

Research Title: The influence of digitalization in supply chain management and Competitive advantages on the financial performance of E-commerce companies in Malaysia.

Abstract: Digital technology, has become an important tool for businesses to maintain viable partnerships and establish
significant value connections with other companies. The constantly emerging new digital technologies are affecting almost all business processes and activities every day. This study investigated the impact of digital supply chains on the performance of Malaysian e-commerce companies. This article further evaluates the mediating role of enterprise competitiveness between digital applications and e-commerce enterprise performance. These goals are achieved through quantitative research design. Researchers used stratified sampling technology to send 500 online survey questionnaires via email to Malaysian e-commerce companies engaged in online sales. The questionnaires were collected incomplete responses were deleted, and the TAM model was used to analyze the data.

Malaysian e-commerce companies can consider adopting DSC in their business processes to maintain reliability in a fiercely competitive market by providing good supply chain performance and optimal overall organizational performance. This study is of great significance to scholars and practitioners, especially supply chain management and Malaysian e-commerce companies. Emphasized limitations and suggestions for future research.

Example of an Abstract APA Research Paper-4

Research Title: Evaluating the Impact of Greenwashing on the Financial Performance and Market Reaction to Green Bonds in developing and developed countries.

Abstract: This study delves into the differential effects of green bonds on financial performance and market reactions across developing and developed countries, assessing the influence of greenwashing. It explores whether green bonds have greater financial benefits and stronger market reactions in developing countries and investigates how greenwashing impacts as a moderate variable. The findings offer significant insights for investors, policymakers, and financial institutions aiming to optimize the use of green bonds for promoting sustainable development. The results are expected to influence strategies and regulations, particularly highlighting the need for vigilant monitoring of greenwashing practices to safeguard the integrity and effectiveness of green finance, especially in emerging markets. The study contributes to an understanding of sustainable finance and green bonds as green projects proceed into different markets.

Example of a Dissertation Abstract- 5


This dissertation investigates the various factors influencing the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), with a focus on economic, ecological, and public concern determinants. Firstly, the research employs quantitative methods to identify what factors may impact EV sales in different geographic areas. Additionally, this study utilizes text mining techniques to analyze the themes of public concern and acceptance levels of EVs expressed in online media and discussions in the emerging EV market. The goals are to:1. identify patterns and correlations between these factors and their influence on the rates of EV adoption. 2. By providing a detailed understanding of public concerns and acceptance, this research aims to offer valuable insights to policymakers and industry stakeholders to foster a more favorable environment for EV uptake.

Example of a Dissertation Abstract- 6

Significance of this Article

Firstly, the researchers get a clear concept of how to write research papers and proposal abstracts in APA style. it will guide researchers to accept their abstract for conference presentation. This article will assist students who want to write and submit an executive summary of a research proposal for a seminar presentation.