Communication Barriers: Barriers to Effective Communication & Types of Noise

Communication Barriers: Barriers to Effective Communication. Barriers to effective communication in the organization. Barriers to Group Communication for Understanding Others.

Communication Barriers

Barriers to Effective Communication

Communication barriers are any types of distractions that hinder the effective communication process. Based on the observation, the Author is going to discuss seven types of communication barriers that distract any type of effective communication. The list of communication barriers to effective communication has been mentioned below for better understanding.

Barriers to Effective Communication

Six Types of Basic Barriers & Noise to Effective Communication

1. Environmental noise- The sound created from the environment. For instance, raining sounds, thunderstorms, horns, outside building’s sounds, also sounds from fans, lights, and windows are the best example of environmental noise.

2. Physiological noise Usually, physical illness produces physical noise. For example deafness, blindness, talking too fast or slow, and so on.

3. Semantic noise Semantic noise occurred because of different meanings of the message between the sender and receiver likewise cultural noise.

4. Psychological noise- Interrupt with our mind. People don’t like to listen or talk about those topics that make them down or any type of sensitive issues like religious, ethnical political, and so on.

5. Cultural noise- Cultural noise means a wrong explanation of another person’s behaviors. Cultural noise produced due to the wrong meaning of messages, therefore, it is little similar to semantic noise. The meaning of nonverbal cues is not the same in every culture and society.

6. Syntactical noise- Grammatical wrong sentence that the receiver unable to accomplish the proper meaning. Using difficult language during computer programming. It is also in contrast to syntactic sugar.

Barriers to effective communication in the organization

Two types of barriers in the organization communication process such as encoding barriers and decoding barriers.

Encoding Communication Barriers in Organization

1. Lack of sensitivity to the receiver: Recipients do not feel that information is important or meet the needs of the recipient. It seems like the prime barrier to the organizational communication process.

2. Lack of basic communication skills: Informants are not good communicators

3. Not enough knowledge of the subject: Don’t know the meaning or definition of the subject.

4. Information overload: For instance, a Longtime class without any break is the best example of information. In addition to that, watching a long YouTube video.

5. Emotional interference: The recipient’s emotion is unstable.

Transmitting Communication Barriers in Organization

1. Physical distractions: Bad connection of transmitting lines produce physical distraction that is also known as physical noise.

2. Conflicting messages: For instance, Poorly understood writing / cultural differences similar to cultural noise.

3. Channel Barriers: Facts that are hard to remember, given to recipients by telephone.

Communication Barriers in Group Communication 

Four types of barriers that bar to understand other people or members in the group also interfere with effective communication.

  1. Ethnocentrism
  2. Stereotyping
  3. Prejudice
  4. Discrimination
1. Ethnocentrism

A mistaken belief that your culture is superior to others, with special rights and privileges that are or should be denied to others. It is not about patriotism or pride. For example-

  • Firstly, my culture should be a role model for other cultures.
  • In addition, people would be happier if they lived like people in my culture.
  • Furthermore, most other cultures are backward when compared with my culture.
  • For example, Have you ever been insulted by someone who implies that his/her religious beliefs are “true”, whereas yours are not?
  • For instance, Have you been disrespected by someone who believes that his traditions, language, or music preferences are “better” than yours?
2. Stereotyping
3. Prejudice
  • Stereotyping ⇒ Prejudice
  • “Negative attitudes about other people that are based on faulty and inflexible stereotypes.”
  • Most prejudices are negative.
  • For example, “He cannot be brilliant if he only has a Bachelor’s degree from XX University or College. In addition, “I don’t want a person with disabilities working on our group project.”
  • Characteristics:
    • Firstly, they are rarely based on extensive direct experience and first-hand knowledge.
    • Secondly, the result is irrational feelings or dislike and even hatred for certain groups.
    • Finally, they justify a readiness to behave in negative and unjust ways toward members of the group.
4. Discrimination
  • Discrimination describes how we act-out and express prejudice
  • When we discriminate, we exclude groups of people from opportunities granted to others: employment, promotion, housing, political expression, and equal rights.
  • For example, Racial, ethnic, religious, gender, sexual harassment, sexual orientation, disability, age people from different social classes and political ideologies

In conclusion, communication barriers are the main obstacles to effective communication.

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