5W and 1H of Report Writing Example in Journalism

5W and 1H of Report Writing in-journalism, Types of News Reporting in Journalism. Example of News Writing Process. How to write a complete news article. News article writing instruction for students.

5W and 1H of Report Writing

The 5 WS and 1H of journalism are who, where, what, when, why, and how. A reporter must need to answer all these five w’s and h questions through the reporting. Therefore, these are the essential elements that the reporter should keep in mind during writing and publishing a news story. It improves the news values in journalism.

  1. Who ( who is involved?)
  2. Where ( where did it happen?)
  3. What ( what is happening?)
  4. When (when did it happen?)
  5. Why (why did it happen?)
  6. Also, how ( how it happens?)
News Writing Process- Element of News Writing, Types of News Reporting in Journalism. Example of News Writing Process. 
Figure 1: News Writing Process- Five W’S and H of Journalism

Different Types of Journalism

Types of News Reporting in Journalism
  1. Crime News Reporting
  2. Sports News Reporting
  3. Economic News Reporting
  4. Disaster news reporting
1. Crime News Reporting

Crime news reporting refers to the news reporting related to crime issues, including police, victim, and criminals.

2. Sports News Reporting

Sports News Reporting means writing and publishing news related to the development in the sports industry locally or internationally.

3. Economic News Reporting

Economic News Reporting means news writing related to the economic and financial system in-country or in the world.

4. Disaster News Reporting

Disaster News Reporting means news reporting that will affect on emotional of the victim whose are involved.

What Should Journalist Report?

Firstly, the journalist should report the severe issues in society.

The journalist reports great crime news in the society or community.

Finally, a journalist should report the local crime to the identity of the criminal and victim.

News Writing Process

The news writing process will help you to know how to write a complete news article. It also represents the essential elements of a news story and how to follow them one by one.

News Report Writing Format and Example

The eight elements of a news report or newspaper article are:

  1. Title/ Headline
  2. Author name/ Byline
  3. Dateline
  4. Lead
  5. Body
  6. Conclusion
  7. Photo
  8. Caption
1. Title/Headline

The headline is the most crucial element of a news report to attract readers to read the full article. An excellent perfect headline also concludes the news.

Elements of the Title or Headline

A good headline or title should be 1. Provocative, 2. Functional, 3. Simple, 4. Informal, 5. Relevant, also 6. Representative.

Example of Headline- Government officials accepting bribes are hunted

  1. Byline/ Author Name

For example,

Government Officials Accepting Bribes are Hunted

By: M M Kobiruzzaman
  1. Dateline

For example,

Government Officials Accepting Bribes are Hunted
By: M M Kobiruzzaman
KUALA LUMPUR 2 July
  1. Lead

Lead writing is the most critical section of the news for readers to understand the message of the news story. Actually, a good lead highlights the central issue of the news. Finally, a good lead of new never exceeds 25-35 words.

For example,

Government Officials Accepting Bribes are Hunted
By: M M Kobiruzzaman
KUALA LUMPUR 2 July

Lead 1: KUALA LUMPUR 2 July - The malaysian anti -corruption commission (sprm) has detected several government officials suspected of being involved in corrupt activities in cameron highlands.

Lead 2: Government officials are suspected among the recipients of bribes that are the cause of government efforts to restore environmental damage in cameron highlands failed.
  1. News Body or Content

The news body refers to the main content of the news reporting that describes and explains the facts. It is the prime part of the report; because it presents the whole story of the issue. If the full report covers seven paragraphs, usually, the body starts with paragraph 3 until 5.

For example,

Government Officials Accepting Bribes are Hunted
By: M M Kobiruzzaman
KUALA LUMPUR 2 July

Lead 1: KUALA LUMPUR 2 July - The malaysian anti -corruption commission (sprm) has detected several government officials suspected of being involved in corrupt activities in cameron highlands.

Lead 2: Government officials are suspected among the recipients of bribes that are the cause of government efforts to restore environmental damage in cameron highlands failed.
Body 1: Sources said the MACC will make follow -up arrests on the issue of leakage in Cameron Highlands soon.

Body 2: “If before, we arrested the bribe givers but after this we will conduct the same operation to hunt down those who accept bribes. Anyone including government officials and middlemen who helped launch the bribery process will be arrested.

Body 3: "We will also not hesitate to take action even against those in authority in the case of land encroachment there," said a source involved in the corruption investigation in Cameron Highlands here today.
  1. Conclusion

The conclusion again highlights the main fact of the issues that have already been reported on the lead and news body.

For example,

Conclusion 1: Meanwhile, the director of the sprm intelligence division, Datuk Azam Baki, when contacted, stressed that his party would never compromise if there was any element of corruption involving government officials or enforcement officers in the issue.

Conclusion 2: “those arrested were bribe givers and the results of our further investigation have identified those who received bribes. further action will be taken, "he said
Example of Full News Report
Government Officials Accepting Bribes are Hunted 
By: M M Kobiruzzaman 
KUALA LUMPUR 2 July 

Lead 1: KUALA LUMPUR 2 July - The malaysian anti -corruption commission (sprm) has detected several government officials suspected of being involved in corrupt activities in cameron highlands. 

Lead 2: Government officials are suspected among the recipients of bribes that are the cause of government efforts to restore environmental damage in cameron highlands failed.

Body 1: Sources said the MACC will make follow -up arrests on the issue of leakage in Cameron Highlands soon. 

Body 2: “If before, we arrested the bribe givers but after this we will conduct the same operation to hunt down those who accept bribes. Anyone including government officials and middlemen who helped launch the bribery process will be arrested. 

Body 3: "We will also not hesitate to take action even against those in authority in the case of land encroachment there," said a source involved in the corruption investigation in Cameron Highlands here today.

Conclusion 1: Meanwhile, the director of the sprm intelligence division, Datuk Azam Baki, when contacted, stressed that his party would never compromise if there was any element of corruption involving government officials or enforcement officers in the issue.

Conclusion 2: “those arrested were bribe givers and the results of our further investigation have identified those who received bribes. further action will be taken, "he said

Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample & Template

Online Meeting Minutes: Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample. Also, Zoom meeting minutes sample.

Online Meeting Minutes

Online meeting minutes refer to an official written report of a virtual meeting’s activities. The alternative name of virtual meeting minutes is online meeting notes. The company or organization and a group of people optimize the virtual video meeting platforms to complete the virtual meeting staying far away from each other. People conduct virtual meetings formally or informally. Usually, the organization conducts virtual meetings formally. However, it is the online meeting notes informally. The best free online meeting platforms are Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft Team, and so more.

The virtual meeting minutes and Face to Face meeting minutes represent almost the same template. However, physical meeting minutes include location and venue, whereas online meeting minutes include an online meeting platform name, Zoom, Google Meet, or Microsoft Team.

Types of Meeting Minutes

The two types of meeting minutes are physical minutes of meeting and virtual meeting minutes. Virtual meeting minutes is the alternative name of online meeting minutes or minutes of online meetings. Meeting minutes mean physical meetings that must indicate the meeting venue. In contrast, online meeting minutes mention the virtual meeting platform name, for example, Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft team, and so more.

Online Meeting Minutes Sample
Virtual Meeting Minutes
Zoom Meeting Minutes Sample
 Virtual Meeting Minutes Elements

The essential elements of virtual meeting minutes are company or organization name, date, time, virtual meeting platform name, opening, list of attendees, absent, agenda, discussion, note, action items, adjournment, submitted by, approved by, also documents.

 Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample

It is a sample of online or virtual meeting minutes. The student of Universiti Putra Malaysia has conducted this online meeting to complete the group discussion. You may also follow the structure of this meeting minute to write your own minutes.

The meeting minutes should be written on a company letterhead where the company logo, URL, and contact are also visible.

Meeting Minutes

BASIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP- Business Plan

2 April 2021 / 10.00 AM

Opening

The first group meeting of Group 1 was called to conduct on 2 April 2021 at 10.00 a.m. via Zoom Meeting Applications.

Online Meeting Platforms

Virtual meeting via Zoom Meeting application.

Attendee’s list
  • M M Kobiruzzaman,
  • Nur Athirah Mohamad Rashid,
  • Nurfatin Farzana Eddy Rizal,
  • Also, Srisanthiya A/P Saravanan.
Absent list

For example, Nurul Aini Sofia Husin

Activities
  • The members have performed the ice-breaking activities to know each other as well as become familiar.
  • They have constructed an organizational structure based on the member’s opinions.
  • Members have done brainstorming and recording all participant’s ideas that are relevant to the business plan.
Discussion

Firstly, each member of the group was introduced themselves to break the ice between them. Actually, it is essential to know each other for team building, and it will be easy for the teammates to cooperate well in the future.

Secondly, each member had chosen their positions to ensure that the company has a systematic structure of organizations. Everyone was agreed with their positions as below:

  • CEO (M.M.Kobiruzzaman),
  • Operations Manager (Srisanthiya),
  • Marketing, Customer Service Manager (Nurfatin Farzana),
  • Multimedia Manager (Nur Athirah),

Finally, the team had come out with a few suggestions of relevant businesses for the business plan. Each member should choose the best product or service they could serve, and the team decided to finalize it by next week.

Notes

Everyone should prepare relevant stands for their idea, and it should be presented at the next meeting so the team can finalize the best business for the company.

Action Items
  • Firstly, the team has finalized the organizational structure.
  • Additionally, all the suggestions were listed down in the PowerPoint for everyone’s reference.
  • Finally, we have recorded the meeting and shared the link via the WhatsApp group.
Adjournment

The meeting was adjourned at 11.00 AM just after 1 hour. Hence, the group leader declared the adjournment with a closing speech.

Next Meeting

However, 0ur next meeting will hold on Friday, 9th November 2021, at 10 a.m. using the same platform.

Submitted by

For example, Nur Athirah Binti Mohamad Rashid

Approved by

For example, M M Kobiruzzaman

Attachment

For example, a group of students at UPM has conducted a virtual meeting to discuss group assignments. So, we have attached the PDF and word files of the virtual meeting samples for better understanding.

Virtual Meeting Minutes Sample Link- Word File Download