Cyberbully Case Study on Bangladeshi Girl-How to Prevent Cyberbullying in Bangladesh.

Cyberbully Case Study on Bangladeshi Girl-How to Prevent Cyberbullying in Bangladesh. Definition of cyberbullying. Cyberbully Case study on Bangladeshi girl. How to prevent cyberbullying in Bangladesh.

Cyberbully Case Study on Bangladeshi Girl

What is Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying refers to a bullying event occurring in online life. It is a new phenomenon in the network era. People use the Internet to do harm to individuals or groups, malicious, repetitive, and hostile, so as to make others hurt. This phenomenon also occurs in adolescents and minors, especially in adults. With the popularity of social networking sites, “online bullying” has begun to evolve into a global wave and become a more and more serious social problem. This phenomenon will cause tremendous psychological harm to people and affect their healthy development and growth. Cyberbullying (also known as malicious sabotage) refers to the act of attacking others on the Internet.

If you keep talking to someone and the other person feels that your words have threatened his own safety or the safety of others, your actions are illegal. If you encounter uncomfortable comments on the Internet, tell your guardian. Many e-mails and instant-messaging tools have blocking options that you can use to shield harassment information.

Parents can also save harassment emails and send them to e-mail service providers. Most vendors have formulated appropriate policies to restrict users from harassing others online. If the harassment information contains comments on a website, you can contact the ISP to help you find hosting. Website. You can provide it with Internet services. Business contacts to make them aware of these attacks.

Cyberbully Case study on Bangladeshi girl

The Internet is becoming more popular in Bangladesh day by day. According to many surveys, teenagers are more into social media while using the internet. According to Google, the number of active internet users is now 4 crores with 35% active users every day and it will be 9 crores within the year 2020. In Bangladesh, almost 49% of students have reported being a victim of cyberbullying.

According to the safe internet study conducted by the Telenor group, the students are either being bullied or disturbed online or being bullied by the same person both online and offline. This study has come to the conclusion that 49.5% of Bangladeshi teenagers had been victims of cyberbullying until 2016. This study indicates that 61% of students in Bangladesh would not send explicit messages online, which known as “sexting”. Around 38% of students expressed positive opinions about consult with their parents. This study covered 1,510 pupils in Bangladesh. Basically, in Bangladesh, girls are being bullied more than boys. This is one of the major reasons behind suicides.

The rate of suicide among young girls is increasing day by day.  According to the increasing of internet user all over the world the negative impacts of the internet is being visible day by day. In recent years Bangladesh has experienced an outstanding development in the communication technology sector. According to the Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) report in 2016, there are more than 10 million people use smartphones and 66.8 million internet subscribers what has increased by 22% by 2016 (Faisal, 2017). After the launching of 3G service by telco company the number of internet users increased tremendously across the country.  The population of Bangladesh is around 160 million+ where 10 million people use mobile phones and 23 million Facebook users.

The government of Bangladesh has taken some initiatives in recent years to develop Bangladesh technologically as well as economically (Faisal, 2017). Technology is a blessing for us when we enjoy the opportunities of technology but we feel very sad when experiencing the negative impact of technology. In the recent era, social media has become one of the most popular media amid people for communication, sharing knowledge, information, data and building relationship, and online marketing (Hendricks, 2013; Giddens, 2018).

According to a statistic report in 2018, there are more than 800 social media in the world including Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Imo, Viber, Instagram, LinkedIn, and so on. The amount of these social media users is more than 2.8 billion all over the world. The media and communication technology such as social media especially Facebook have both positive and negative impacts on the human being. Facebook is the most popular social media as per the statistic report in 2018, and the amount of users is 2.23 billion. Facebook has brought opportunity into communication from the perspective of Bangladesh.

Most of the teenagers are possessing at least one Facebook account conducted by themselves. Apart from the positive impacts of these social media especially Facebook on the young generation. After all, many girls are committed to suicide because of cyberbullying on social media.

Cyberbully Case study on Bangladeshi Girl Afrin Laboni

We want to talk about a girl’s story who has been affected by cyberbullying.  Afrin Laboni a Bangladeshi girl who studies at a renowned public university in the capital named Jagannath university abbreviation is JnU. She is a very intelligent student at the accounting and information system department of Jagannath University. Afrin was born in a very remote area in Bangladesh, and her father was a school teacher who already passed away three years ago and her mother is a housewife. They are two siblings and both are very studious students at the same university. She was also an activist of Bangladesh’s ruling government’s student wing Bangladesh student league organization. She is acting role as an organizing secretary at the Bangladesh student league of Jagannath University.

Although Her hometown was a very remote area in Bangladesh, she is a very sophisticated and enthusiastic girl. Now she is 27 years old and her height is approximately 5.7 inches. She is a very intelligent and beautiful girl. They have a very happy family and the days are going very well. She is an activist of Bangladesh ruling government student wings named Bangladesh Chhatra League. In 2017, her mother got sick and admitted to Dhaka medical hospital and just after one month of her mother’s illness, she could know her mother is affected in chronic kidney disease. Always she was staying with her mother to serve her.

In the meantime, she applied for contesting miss world Bangladesh 2018. Miss World Bangladesh is the very popular national beauty pageant of Bangladesh. This solemn event was created to give beautiful Bangladeshi girls the opportunity to participate in the “Miss World” pageant. Antar Showbiz created Miss World Bangladesh to be the country’s first nationwide pageant. The event’s mission is to support the empowerment of women and the opportunity to represent Bangladesh at an international level. With her great efforts and endeavors, she secured her position as the top ten beauty contestant and became the best behavior of the miss world Bangladesh 2018.

In a very short time, she achieved huge popularity among the young generation. She came under limelight once again for her weird answer to judges. It turns out, Afrin had been lying about her marital status since she joined the pageant. According to the investigative report of India Times, she had a court marriage with her ex-husband Ataur Rahman Atik in the Jamalpur Court back on August 18, 2014. They got divorced on May 17, 2016, and Atik later filed a case against her accusing her of theft. The case is still ongoing. Her husband Ataur Rahman Atik published some of them the intimate photos on social media to humiliate her.

The photos went viral on social media especially on Facebook within a short time. According to the rules of miss world Bangladesh, no one can participate in this contest who is married therefore she got kicked out from miss world competition 2018. Although her husband could not prove that she was married but she got viral on Facebook. Thus, she had been affected by cyberbullying. A rumor went viral onto social media that she lied about miss the world competition.

Thousands of peoples misunderstood as well as humiliated her on social media through timeline status and comments. Many descent and vogues comments made her depressed and sad. She never knew that something is waiting for her in this kind of situation. Her mother succumbed to injury at that time and she thought this cyberbullying lead her mother to lead to get death soon. She decided to commit suicide when she got kicked out of miss world competition and lost her mother.

At that time most people threw bad comments against her such as she is a very stupid girl, liar, thief, and so on. They used to use very indecent words during comment against her. she also filed a defamation case against Atikur Rahman who pretended to her husband. The case was filed with the police station and it is still an ongoing process. Now everyone knows that it was a false and fabricated conspiracy against her to kick out of the miss world competition. She also believed that she has been suffered from unimaginable damage in her life only for the misuse of social media.

According to her opinion, all of the bad things in her life have come from a lack of awareness. She also acknowledged that she should have become more conscious about her personal life as well as capturing photos and videos. She went to a psychologist for getting relief from all of these problems. Now she is leading a normal life like other girls in Bangladesh but still could not forget that crucial times that triggered her to commit suicide.

How to Prevent Cyberbullying in Bangladesh

          Cyberbullying is one of the major concerns for parents all over the world. In the era of media communication, it is very difficult to control or observe the usage of the internet when it comes to children. That’s why the government should take responsibility to stop or at least control cyberbullying. Though in Bangladesh the internet was introduced very late compared to other countries, yet it has become popular within a blink of an eye. Most of the people are using the internet in day to day life. And for the school-going children, their favorite past time has become using social networking sites, for example, Facebook and WhatsApp.

Sexual predators or simply older people are using social media as a platform for blackmailing or bullying. Most of the time teenagers, especially girls are being victimized for this. As they are vulnerable and young, people tend to use social media in order to bully them or force them to do things according to their will. For the socio-cultural norms, most of the time children are really afraid to seek help from their parents or take necessary security steps while they were being bullied. And as a whole, it affects the mental health of teenagers in a very negative way sometimes leads to clinical depression and sometimes suicide.

The Bangladeshi government has taken action to stop cyberbullying. Recently new ICT act has been introduced and under these acts, to reveal the person who is bullying or take legal steps against that person has become very easy. Not only these, but the government is also promoting mental health care for the victims. Many organizations are holding awareness seminars, programs, and dramas to create awareness regarding cyberbullying. Still, the rate of bullying is increasing day by day which is affecting the socio-cultural condition in Bangladesh greatly. In Bangladesh, with the development of the internet, social media, mobile phones, Cyberbullying is happening more and more.

The means of cyberbullying are getting higher and higher. Cyberbullying is everywhere. It has affected our lives and affected by society. Cyberbullying rises exponentially. The continued occurrence of this phenomenon will affect the sustainable development of society. From all aspects of life, we must find some feasible ways to reduce the occurrence of cyberbullying.

According to where cyberbullying commonly occurs, we can divide it into two areas, source and receiver. These two areas are the main factors of cyberbullying. The sources refer to some communication way in the network area that disseminates information or are senders of information. So, these sources could be the advertisement on the website, the link from shopping application, the poster on YouTube, Facebook. The receiver refers to some user who is using some platform or carriers on the Internet. The receiver could be a person of different ages or a group and company that committed to a certain field.

In general, a good combination of two factors will greatly reduce the occurrence of cyberbullying. From the source factor, different media have different characteristics. But these different media are attracting victims by using the spread of false information. This false information uses the curiosity of the victim to expose the victim’s information and thereby control the victim. Another source of causes of bullying is the freedom of speech on the Internet. So based on these circumstances, Bangladesh should strengthen the control and guidance of the network media, formulate relevant laws and regulations, and strengthen the legal system. And control the media and personal speech. Once there are unfair remarks and endanger social security and people’s property security. The act of giving serious treatment according to law.

The Bangladeshi government should establish the principle of network access, and control the advertising and information issued by the company to prevent the harm of false information to the people (Shaheed, 1994). Improve the construction of laws and regulations for young people. Severely crackdown on the practice of cybercrime against young people, give them a heavy sentence and let them dare not carry out such illegal activities. Establishing the principle of network access, restricting groups of young people who are less educated and less able to identify, limiting their access time, and restricting access to individual websites Raise awareness of this incident and deal with cyberbullying cases in a positive and efficient way Promote the dangers of cyberbullying in campus social families Improve the awareness of self-protection among members of social family schools Establish an active and healthy network environment.

The most important fact is we should improve our own quality and Improve your safety awareness. Additionally, improve the identification of cyberbullying methods. After all, you should ask someone in your hand for help If you can’t distinguish your situation well. However, Protect your information and not disclose your personal information to anyone.

References

Faisal, M. (2017, October 3) THE EVOLUTION OF ICT SECTOR IN BANGLADESH. Retrieve from http://www.fintechbd.com/the-evolution-of-ict-sector-in-bangladesh/

Giddens, A. (2018). Globalization. In Sociology of Globalization (pp. 19-26). Routledge.

Hendricks, D, (2013). Complete History of Social Media: Then and Now. Retrieved from https://smallbiztrends.com/2013/05/the-complete-history-of-social-media-infographic.html

Shaheed, F. (1994). Controlled or Autonomous: Identity and the experience of the network, women living under Muslim laws. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society19(4), 997-1019.

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Tourism Article: Importance of Travel and Tourism Articles, Why Tourism Article is Written

Tourism Article: Importance of Travel and Tourism Articles, Why Should We Write Tourism or Travelogue Article. The tourism article is one of the writings that are compelling to read. Our opinion on why the tourism article is written.

Tourism Article

The tourism article is also known as a travelogue feature that refers to the article writing the explanation of traveling guidelines for the journey (Bird, 2012). People travel for various perspectives such as personal business, job purpose, multicultural immigration, curiosity, and adventure. It is one of the best articles for recreation and entertainment.

“Traveling – it leaves you speechless, then turns you into a storyteller.” – Ibn Battuta

According to Rob McFarland (2007), photos are very inevitable elements for the tourism features to make them interesting and vivid for audiences. You need to follow some instructions when adding photos inside articles including people’s images, use the rule of thirds, put something in the foreground, fill the frame, and use a frame.

Example of the travelogue feature

  • What to see MILAN in ONE DAY
  • You must see AGRA RED FORT INDIA

Importance of Travel and Tourism Articles & Opinion why tourism article is written

1. Guidelines for new travelers

A tourism article represents the best assistant for new travelers who want to visit new places with no previous experiences. A perfect tourism article always provides ample guidelines on how to travel the place. For example, new travel gets a clear idea about how to get there, where to stay, and how to complete missions in a cheap budget. Travel guidelines will save money and stop wasting time. Sometimes travelers cannot see all spots because of less time, so traveling guidelines help those people to see all spots within a short time with providing effective instructions.

2. Hobby

It is our habit to share experiences, so people always try to share their experiences with others through face to face communication or mediated communication with websites or social media. Traveling is a passion for many people, and they visit new places and share their experiences with us. They feel good when sharing it and be encouraged to visit more places.

3. Job and Duty

In addition to the freelancer blogger, many journalists write a travelogue feature for their duty of jobs. The journalist along with his or her family is dependable on this profession. They earn money from writing tourism feature writing. A big number of people all over the world deepen on this profession directly or indirectly. They visit the new places to enjoy the beauty of the scenario and collect ample information and finally publish an article for expecting visitors.

4. Commercial purpose

Tourism has become a great source of income for many countries, so they publish tourism articles to attract new travelers to visit the places. Government and non-government organizations are associated with these activities to increase learning revenue through tourists. For example, Malaysia’s tourism revenue reached an all-time high of 22,009 USD MN in Dec 2014 (Kamarudin, 2013). Malaysia’s government publish tourism article to attract travelers from all over the world to come here. In addition to that, few non-government organizations such as hotels and airline companies publish travelogue articles as part of their marketing policy.

 5. Entertainment

Many readers just like to read a travelogue article for recreation to refresh the mind. Reading a noble is bearing sometimes for the long story but travel article is short with an adventure story. Hence, they chose this short story for entertainment, and the author writes them to entertain audiences. So, it is clear that tourism article is not only suitable for travelers but also readers who like to read-only.

6. Providing information

Tourism article is an outstanding medium for disseminating information about the history of the place, location, transportation opportunity, culture, traditions, strengths, and weaknesses. This is the only way to know about the background information of the location to make preparations for visiting. In addition, it will let you know about the weather, temperature, and cautions. So, the prime objective of the travelogue article is to inform others about the basic information of the location. For example, you need to check the temperature of japan for taking warmer clothes if you want to visit. You will get ample information about japan from a travel article.

Conclusion

Tourism feature writing has become a very important article for its positive impact on travelers. Based on our discussion it is safe to say that tourism article is only important for travelers but also general people who like to read the article. Nobody can deny the advantages of tourism articles for traveling purposes.

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Total quality management (TQM): Eight Principles and Practices of TQM

Total quality management (TQM) strategy. The Principles and Practices of Total Quality Management (TQM). Also, The advantages of TQM. Total Quality Management Tools.

Total quality management (TQM) strategy

Yang (2012) proposed that the Total Quality Management (TQM) refers to the management process that includes the commitment and dedication of every employee in the organization to maintain a high-level quality in every sector, and attention to the customer gratifications. He also said that the employees of the company have to be informed about the strategy before implementing it in the organization. In the mid-1980s, the total quality management (TQM) was introduced based on Company-Wide Quality Control (CWQC) and benchmarking process. Later, many scholars, such as Juran, Deming, and Ishikawa gave their contributions to the practices and improve the content of TQM. The most important contributions of the TQM are Deming 14 points, Juran quality trilogy, and Ishikawa’s Fishbone diagram and CWQC (Yang, 2012).

Total quality management (TQM)

Figure-1: The Definition of TQM in Total Quality Management.

Many worldwide companies practice the Total Quality Management (TQM) strategy, for example;

  • Ford Motor Company
  • Phillips Semiconductor
  • SGL Carbon
  • Motorola and
  • Toyota Motor Company.

The Eight Principles and Practices of Total Quality Management (TQM)

In the mid-1990s, the eight basic principle or elements of the total quality management (TQM) was proposed by some well-known philosophers (Carson, 2019). These eight principles entirely work together to develop the process and to yield satisfaction for the customers.

The Eight Principles and Practices of Total Quality Management (TQM)

Figure-2: The Definition of TQM in Total Quality Management.

Principle-1: Customer focus

The first and prime principle of total quality management (TQM) is to focus on the customers who are buying the products and services as well as potential customers. Customers are the people who justify the quality of the products and services. Customers will feel that they have spent their money on a quality product if the product can last long to fulfill demands. You can exceed customer satisfaction only when you will know their demands, so align company objectives with the client’s demands (“Total Quality Management Principles to Improve Processes,” 2019, October 2).

Principle-2: Leadership

Leadership is an important role to maintain unity among employees to achieve the interdependent goal (Evans, 2013). Although there are mainly three types of leadership in the industry, the democratic leadership style is the best to perform well. Leaders can form a convenient environment to work effectively inside the organization, in which all employees work to achieve the organization’s goal.

Principle-3: Involvement of people

People from every level in the organization give their all-out efforts, dedication to the organization’s profits. The total employee commitment enables the industry to develop productivity, process, and raise sales growth. So, all the employees in the organization have to well-trained, committed, and dedicated to achieving an interdependent goal on time. The industry needs to create a responsive environment where every employee will be motivated to complete the task properly. The activeness, motivation, and retention of the employees can yield customer gratifications. The involvement of people can produce effective teamwork. According to Evans (2013), there are three types of teamwork such as vertical, horizontal, and inter-organization.

Principle-4: Processes approach

The company needs to improve the process consistently to yield good output. A good output of the business from the processes approach can bring customer satisfaction. Hence, TQM focus on the process approach strongly to assure the quality of the product or service.

Principle-5: System approach to management

The total quality management (TQM) highlights executing the strategy in a systematic approach. The industry makes a proper plan of implementation, and they collect data during applying those processes.

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) describes this principle as:

“Identifying, understanding, and managing interrelated processes as a system contributes to the organization’s effectiveness and efficiency in achieving its objectives.”

Principle-6: Continual improvement

Continual improvement of the process is an important step for every industry to make their customer are satisfied. Therefore, TQM assists the company to keep watching the continual improvement of the system to improve the service and product of the industry.

Principle-7: Factual approach to decision-making

It eases the way of taking the decision based on the information collected from data. Making a decision based on the actual fact is an effective way to customer satisfaction. This principal uses the actual method to collect and analyze data.

Principle-8: Mutual beneficial supplier relationship

Usually, a business is conducted by combined multiple departments, and each of the departments is assigned with the individual tasks, although the function of these departments is interconnected. The total quality management process helps all sections work combined to achieve an interdependent objective. The company uses visual aids and flowcharts to understand employees on how to perform perfectly. The execution of the total quality management (TQM) properly is not an easy task; TQM represents a big cultural shift so the company needs to implement it slowly and accurately (Carson, 2019).

In addition to the eight principles, effective communication is the key principle to conduct business successfully. Everybody of the company has to be conscious about the plan, method, and strategy to achieve a goal. The risk of failure can increase due to the communication gap. Make sure that every employee is aware of their duty and involve them in the decision-making session. It will motivate the employees letting them know that they are contributing to the industry. However, Effective communication reduces silos and increases coordination and cooperation.

The advantages of TQM

At first, Japan identified the advantages of total quality management (TQM) in the mid-1950s. After a few decades, the benefit of the TQM had been disclosed all over the world. The most important benefits of the TQM are:

  • Firstly, Develop the quality of products and services to satisfy customers.
  • Secondly, Motivate employees morally.
  • Thirdly, Boost productivity in the organization.
  • Fourthly, Reduce production costs and faults.
  • In addition, Raise profits margin.
  • Further, Make processes more efficient and reliable.
  • Moreover, Involves employees.
  • Additionally, Improves the condition of the work environment.
  • Finally, Improve the communication process
Total Quality Management Tools

There are many tools of the TQM that help the industry to operate smoothly with profit. These tools can help the industry in many approaches. The most important approaches are;

  • Firstly, Identify difficulties with quality.
  • Secondly, Analyze data.
  • Thirdly. Collect information.
  • Moreover, Identify the main causes of the problems.
  • Finally, Assess the results.
References:

Carson, S. (2019, September 19). ISO 9001:2015 and the 8 Quality Management Principles to Take You… Pilgrim Quality Solutions Blog | Quality Management Blog. https://www.pilgrimquality.com/blog/iso90012015-quality-mgmt-principles/

Evans, J. R. (2013). Quality & performance excellence. Cengage Learning.

Total Quality Management Principles to Improve Processes. (2019, October 2). Lucidchart. https://www.lucidchart.com/blog/8-total-quality-management-principles/

Yang, C. C. (2012). The integration of TQM and Six-Sigma. Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, 219.

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