Academic Social Media Platforms- Best Academic Social Networking Sites

Academic Social Media Platforms- Best Academic Social Networking Sites. Social Media For Researchers. The Best Academic Social Media Platforms are Academia, Google Scholar, ORCID, Scopus, Linkedin. Academic, Researchers and Scholars Social Media Platforms. Also, Academic Social Networking Sites. 

Academic Social Media Platforms

Academic Social Media Platforms refer to the social networking platforms for academic people, scholars and scientists to share their experiences, publications, and works. Researchers use these social networking sites to be connected with other researchers across the world. There are more than 500 social networking sites or social media platforms all over the world. In 2021, the most famous social media is Facebook, following Youtube, Twitter, Linkedin, Researchgate, Academia, and so more. However, researchers prefer to use those kinds of social media platforms where they can share their publications and research works. They also like to be connected with other scholars via these platforms. For example, a communication student can follow a researcher of the communication department who has many publications. So, new researchers can follow the veteran researchers, and they can learn from experts.

The Best Academic Social Media Platforms are:

  1. ResearchGate
  2. Academia
  3. Google Scholar
  4. ORCID
  5. Scopus
  6. Microsoft Academic
  7. Linkedin
  8. Twitter
  9. Reddit
  10. Tumblr
Social Media For Researchers and Scholars- Top Social Media Sites For Researchers and professional networking site for academic person
Social Media Sites For Researchers and Scientists
1. ResearchGate

ResearchGate is the most famous professional networking site for researchers, scientists and students who prefer to share their publications with others. It a great platform to find collaboration and connect colleagues. This social networking site is a join-free platform where users can ask questions to get answers related to research. It is estimated that more than 20+ million researchers are using ResearchGate, and around 130+ million papers have been shared on this social media site. ResearchGate is a European site that started its journey as a commercial social networking platform.

The mission of Researchgate is to connect the world of science and make research open to all.

Advantages of the ResearchGate Account

Firstly, the researcher can see the publication list in their paper when shared with the Researchgate site.

Researchgate is a very familiar social media site for scholars and the Alexa ranking is approximately 160 that less than 200. So, it is the most popular social media platform for researchers after Google scholar. 

Additionally, ResearchGate is an open-access social media site where anyone can read the paper without registration.

Also, ResearchGate has become a very famous platform for asking and answering questions. Anyone can ask any questions here, but new researchers ask a question regarding the publication and research discipline.

Further, ResearchGate provides stats and scores for researchers based on the activities. The score gets improve when the researcher performs well in four sections, such as publications, questions, answers, and followers. The score gets high when researchers ask more questions and answer more questions. Apart from that, it will progress when they share more publications to this social media site and the number of followers increases.

ResearchGate Contact
  • Help Centre
  • ResearchGate GmbH, Administrators: Dr. Ijad Madisch, Dr. Sören Hofmayer
  • Register: HR Hannover B 202837, VAT-ID: DE258434568, Tel: +49 (0) 30 2000-51001.
Academia

Academia is a social media platform for sharing research papers. It has uploaded around 22 million academic papers. The number of the total registered user is 153,000,000+. Every month, 31 million researchers, academics, students, and professionals access this site to read papers.

Richard Price is the founder of Academia who has completed his PhD at Oxford in philosophy. The mission of Academia.edu is to accelerate the world’s academic research.
Advantages of Academia.edu Account

Firstly, the Researcher can generate the APA, MLA and CHICAGO style of citation automatically. Academia.edu create citation while author uploads his or her paper here. 

Academia.edu is totally free platform for the scholar to upload and download papers. The user needs to have an account here to upload the paper.  However, anyone can read the paper without having any account here.
Google Scholar
Google Scholar refers to the academic article publishing platform where researchers share peer-reviewed online academic journals and books, conference papers, theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports, and other scholarly literature, including court opinions and patents.
ORCID
ORCID is another vital platform for connecting research and researchers together. Researchers may own and control forever ORCID iD that is totally free. ORCID iD distinguishes a researcher from every other researcher across disciplines, borders, and time. The researcher can use their iD with your professional information—affiliations, grants, publications, peer review, and so more.
Advantages of the ORCID iD

Firstly, researchers will be separated from every other researcher, even they share the same name.

The research outputs, contributions, and affiliations will be attributed or credited to the respective researcher correctly.

Finally, the ORCID iD and record is free forever.

Models of communication, 3 Types of Communication Models Linear, Interactive & Transactional

Models of communication, 3 Types of Communication Models Linear, Interactive, also Transactional. Linear Model of Communication. Interactive model of communication. Transactional model of communication.

Models of Communication

Communication models refer to the conceptual framework or theory that explains the way of human communication. It also represents the entire process of communication between the sender and the receiver. The communication model tries to answer the 5WH questions; for example, what is it actually? who is involved in this process? when does it happen? where does it take place? and finally, why does it occur?

Additionally, communication models explain the element of the communication process for example, context, sender, receiver, encoding, decoding, channel, message, feedback and noise. These are the 9 components of communication that describe the entire process of communication. However, some communication models do not have all these elements or components. For example, the linear model of communication does not have feedback. The model of communication also explains the factors that prevent effective communication that is known as barriers or noise in communication. Communication barriers or communication noises bar effective communication processes.

3 Types of Communication Models

The 3 types of communication models are;

  1. Linear Models of Communication
  2. Interactive Models of Communication
  3. Transactional Models of Communication

The 3 types of communication models are the Linear Models of Communication, the Interactive Models of Communication, and the Transactional Models of Communication. A-List of the best communication models including established year has been outlined below for obtaining more knowledge as well as better understanding. The types of communication models have also attached to the communication model’s table.

1. Linear Model of Communication

The linear model of communication is a one-way interaction where feedback is not present. Various linear communication models have been established by many scholars, for example, Aristotle’s Model of Communication, Shannon-Weaver Model of Communication, Lasswell’s Model of Communication, Berlo’s SMCR Model of Communication, and so on.

Communication Models Year Types  of Communication Models
For example, Aristotle Model of Communication 300BC Linear Model of Communication.
Shannon-Weaver Model of Communication 1948 Also, Linear Model of Communication.
Lasswell’s Model of Communication 1948 Also, Linear Model of Communication.
Berlo’s SMCR Model of Communication 1960 Also, Linear Model of Communication.
Also, Two-Step Flow of Communication Theory, 1948 Also, Linear Model of Communication.
2. Interactive Model of Communication

The interactive model of communication refers to the two-way method of communication with feedback. However, feedback is not simultaneous, so it provides slow and indirect feedback. Sometimes, the communication can be linear if receivers do not reply to senders. Actually, the interactive model of communication indicates mediated and internet-based communication. Examples of interactive communication models are the Osgood-Schramm Model of Communication and Westley and Maclean’s Model of Communication.

Osgood-Schramm Model of Communication, 1954 Interactive Model of Communication.
Westley and Maclean Model of Communication, 1957 Also, Interactive Model of Communication.
3. Transactional Model of Communication

The transitional model of communication seems like a two-way process of communication with immediate feedback. Simultaneous feedback is the essential component of the transitional models of communication. Additionally, the feedback is direct and very fast. The receiver is compelled to provide feedback. Examples of transitional communication models are Wilbur Schramm model of communication, Barnlund’s transactional model of communication, Dance’s Helical model of communication also, Eugene white’s model of communication.

Wilbur Schramm Model 1954 Transactional model of communication
Barnlund’s Transactional Model 1957 Also, transactional model of communication
Eugene White’s Model 1960 Also, transactional model of communication
Dance’s Helical Model of Communication 1967 Also, transactional model of communication
Different Models of Communication Process

The author is going to outline as well as discuss different models of the communication process in the field of communication. For example, Aristotle Model of Communication, Lasswell’s Model of Communication, Shannon–Weaver Model of Communication, Berlo’s Model of Communication.

Aristotle Model of Communication

Aristotle model of communication refers to the communication model with the elements of speaker, speech, occasion, audience, and effect. In 300 BC, Aristotle developed a linear model of communication that mainly focus on the speaker and messages. Controversially, it is the first model of communication. Aristotle model of communication consists of five elements of the basic communication process for example Speaker, Speech, Occasion, Audience, and Effect. Aristotle model of communication focuses on the speaker. The speaker plays the most important role in communication because the speaker sets the message to deliver. The speech is the message of the speaker that might vary on the occasion.

Models of communication- Aristotle's model of communication
Figure 1: Aristotle Model of Communication

For example, a political leader (speaker/sender) is delivering a speech to persuade the voter to vote for him in the election. The political leader is the most important person here who is delivering the message or information. The speech is the message that the leader delivers to influence the voters to vote for him. The election is the occasion and the speech or message of the speaker is set based on the occasion. A political leader might not deliver the same kind of speech before and after the election. Finally, the effect refers to the level of motivation of the voters whether they are motivated to cast vote for him or not.

Lasswell’s Model of Communication

Lasswell’s model of communication was introduced by professor Harold Lasswell in 1948. It is a Linear Model of Communication that also represents the style of one-way communication or interaction. Lasswell’s explains the process of communication by answering the following questions;

  • Who?
  • Says What?
  • In Which Channel?
  • To Whom?
  • With What Effect?
Models of Communication- Lasswel's model of linear communication model
Figure 2: Lasswell’s Model of Communication

Example of Lasswell’s Model of Communication

For example, the BBC News channel has telecasted news regarding the negative impact of social media in spreading fake and misleading information. It also shows how social media can affect people physically and mentally. Finally, they recommend some tips on how to stop spreading fake and disinformation via social media. Based on the set of questions outlined by Lasswell’s model of communication and the example, firstly, the answer to the question “Who” is the news presenter of BBC News Channel. Secondly, Says What indicates that people use social media to spread fake and misleading information. Thirdly, the answer to the question of “In which Channel” indicates the BBC News Channel. Additionally, “To Whom” refers to the people who are watching this channel. Finally, With what effect indicates the awareness.

Shannon–Weaver Model of Communication

Shannon-Weaver model of communication was established by two American scholars Shannon and Weaver in 1948. Shannon-Weaver model is called the mother of all communication models; although, it is a linear type of communication model.  At first, this model was designed to articulate the process of technical communication. Later, it discusses the process of effective communication. Shannon-Weaver model represents the basic six elements of communication including information source, transmitter, channel, receiver, destination, and noise source. This model does not represent feedback therefore it is a linear model of communication. Later, this model was been criticized by many other scholars for not having feedback. Feedback is a vital element to create the communication process more interactive and effective. However, Norbert Weiner added the Feedback element to the model.

Shannon–Weaver Model of Communication Example
Communication Models- Shannon–Weaver Model of Communication Example
Figure 3: Shannon–Weaver Model of Communication Example

What is the established date of the Shannon-Weaver model?

The Shannon-Weaver model was introduced in 1948. Although there is conversely regarding the establishment year of the Shannon-Weaver model, in 1948, it was introduced by Claude Shannon through his article name Mathematical Theory of Communication. In 1949, Warren Weaver reprints the previous article adding more information. So, it is safe to say that the Shannon-Weaver model was introduced in 1948.

Berlo’s Model of Communication

Berlo’s Model of Communication means SMCR model that includes the element of Source-Message-Channel-Receiver. David Berlo developed Source-Message-Channel-Receiver in 1960. Hence, it is known as the David Berlo SMCR model of communication or SMCR communication model. Actually, Berlo invented this model based on the Shannon-Weaver communication model (1949).

David Berlo’s SMCR Model of Communication Example

 

smcr model of communication, berlo's SMCR model of communication. berlo's model of communication example situation. David Berlo's Model of Communication Example. berlo's model. example of berlo's model of communication. david berlo model. david berlo's communication model.
Figure 4: David Berlo’s SMCR Model of Communication